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Bridges 1 Unit5


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Bridges 1 Unit 5: Communication. The Relatives.

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Bridges 1 Unit5

  1. 1. Unit 5. Communication Student's Book VOCABULARY Exercise 1. Describe what the people are doing in each picture using the expressions below. send a text message • speak on the phone • send an e-mail write a letter • have a face-to-face conversation • chat online Picture 1 - This girl is chatting online. Picture 2 - She is speaking on the phone. Picture 3 - The girl is writing a letter. Picture 4 - She is sending an e-mail. Picture 5 - The boy is sending a text message. Picture 6 - They are having a face-to-face conversation Exercise 2. How do you usually communicate with your friends? Which forms of communication don't you use at all? (Free answers) Exercise 3 Use the expressions in Exercise 1 to say what you think is the best way to do each of the following: (Free answers) Exercise 4. The following words describe different purposes for communication. Match them with the sentences below. complain • apologise • blame • warn request • chat 1. "I'm sorry I'm late." apologise 2. "How was your day?" chat 3. "Could you open the door, please?" request 4. "Don't drink and drive. It's too dangerous." warn 5. "It's Dave's fault. I told him to be careful." blame 6. "My children spend too much money." complain Exercise 5 Which of the following expressions mate the situations below? Just a minute. • I'll phone back later. Speaking. • Can I take a message? It's Jess.
  2. 2. 1. Someone phones your father, but he isn't at home. Can I take a message? 2. Someone phones to speak to your mother, who is in the garden. Just a minute. 3. Someone phones you, but you're too busy to speak. I'll phone back later. Exercise 6 Complete the mini- dialogues with the expressions in Exercise 5. 1. A: Can I speak to Mark? B: Speaking A: Oh, hi Mark. 2. A: I'm sorry, Bill. I can't talk now. B: All right. I'll phone back later. 3. A: Can I speak to Jane? B: She's not here. Can I take a message? 4. A: Is your dad there? B: Yes, he is. I'll call him. Just a minute. 5. A: Hi, Saul. It's Jess. B: Hi, Jess. READING Exercise 1 Scanning for Information: 1. Where did Nerriere work? He worked for IBM in the United States (lines 10-11). 2. What is Globish? Globish is a mixture of English and other languages. / It's a new language (lines 6-7) 3. How many entries are there in a complete English dictionary? There are 600,000 entries in a complete English dictionary (line 18) Exercise 2 Read the text and answer the question. –Why is there a need for a common world language? –It [Globish] has developed because of the need for a new language due to technology and globalisation (lines 7-8). Exercise 3 Give two examples mentioned in the text of how Globish is different from standard English. There are only 1,500 vocabulary words in Globish, compared to 600,000 in a complete English dictionary (lines 17-18). There are no complicated expressions in Globish (line 20) In Globish, sentences are short (line 21) Exercise 4 Decide if the following sentences are true or false. Find evidence in the text to justify your answers. 1. Because of his job, Nerriere met people from different countries. True. Nerriere, whose mother tongue is French, found it was easier to communicate in English with non-native speakers than with his American colleagues (lines 11-12). 2. Nerriere believes that native English speakers don't need to learn Globish. False. These books will also be translated into English, so that English speakers will be able to communicate with the rest of the world (lines 15- 16).
  3. 3. 3. Many words in Globish are similar to words in other languages. True. International words like pizza, police, taxi and helicopter are a central part of Globish (lines 21-22). 4. Most English speakers in the world are native speakers of English. False. 400 million people speak English as a first language, and perhaps 750 million as a foreign language (lines 23-24). Exercise 5 Answer the questions 1. Why are blogs, chat rooms and computer programmers mentioned in lines 8-9? They are mentioned in the text because they are examples of situations where Globish is used as a means of communication (lines 8-9). 2. What does the writer think about the future of Globish? The writer thinks that it's important to have a common world language, so Globish will probably continue to develop (lines 27-29). Exercise 6 Find words in the text that mean: 1. ordinary, conventional standard 2. examining analysing 3. describes defines 4. difficult complicated 5. essential vital GRAMMAR Relative Pronouns Which relative pronouns above refer to: 1. a person? who / that 2. a thing? which / that 3. a place? where 4. possession? whose 5. time? when Exercise 1 Choose the correct relative pronoun 1. Do you know anyone who / which speaks Globish? 2. She's the girl who / whose book I borrowed. 3. Please return the book which / who I lent you. 4. Is there a shop nearby which / where I can buy some milk? 5. She failed the exam who / which she did yesterday. 6. I'll never forget the day where / when we first met.
  4. 4. Exercise 2 In which sentences in Exercise 1 can the relative pronoun be replaced with that? In which sentences can it be omitted? REPLACED: Sentences 1, 3, 5 and 6. OMITTED: Sentences 3, 5 and 6. Exercise 3 Complete the sentences under the pictures by adding a relative pronoun and a suitable ending below. astronauts first walked on the moon • he used to live • makes toys • stole my car • mother tongue is not English 1. Stella works in a factory which makes toys. 2. The course is for people whose mother tongue is not English. 3. This is the house where he used to live. 4. The police have caught the thief who / that stole my car. 5. 1969 was the year when astronauts first walked on the moon. Exercise 4 Combine the sentences using a relative pronoun. Make any necessary changes. 1. The boy who / that is in the photo is my brother. 2. The computer program which / that / () you sold me is difficult to install. 3. The town where we used to live is quite a large place now. 4. This is the address of the woman whose dog bit ours. 5. These are the people who / that travelled with us. 6. The day when we got married was beautiful and sunny. Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses. Read the sentences and answer the questions. 1. Look at the clauses in bold. Which one adds essential information to the sentence? The relative clause in the second sentence adds essential information to the sentence. 2. Which punctuation is used to separate the non-defining clause from the main clause? A non-defining relative clause appears between commas. Exercise 5 Combine the sentences using the relative pronouns in brackets. Make any necessary changes. Which sentences contain non- defining clauses? 1. Debbie, who is travelling in China, speaks three languages (non-defining) / Debbie, who speaks three languages, is travelling in China, (non-defining) 2. Pete and Jill flew to Istanbul, where they met up with some friends, (non-defining) / Pete and Jill, who flew to Istanbul, met up with some friends there. 3. Ann lost the book that belongs to the school library (defining) 4. Where is the magazine which / that I saw you reading? (defining) 5. Justin Timberlake, whose music I love, is giving a concert on Saturday night (non-defining)
  5. 5. 6. Joe will never forget the day when he joined the army (defining) Exercise 6 Complete the passage with suitable relative pronouns. There may be more than one possible answer. The Gomera Whistle Most kids (1) WHO / THAT live on Gomera in the Canary Islands have got mobile phones. But another form of communication - one (2).WHICH / THAT doesn't need batteries - is very common among the children of this mountainous island. It is called El Silbo, the Gomera whistle. El Silbo consists of six whistle sounds. These sounds, (3) WHICH are used to form words and sentences, make it possible to communicate with people as far as 2.5 km away. Until the late 1950s, Gomera was a place (4) WHERE there were few roads and hardly any telephones. In the 1960s, (5) WHEN roads were built and phones became available, the need for El Silbo decreased. In 1982, the local government decided to teach El Silbo at school. "El Silbo is a great way to communicate," says one child, (6) WHOSE father teaches El Silbo. "When I'm at a friend's house and I want my parents to come and take me home, I just stand in the street and whistle my message." VOCABULARY Communication Exercise 1 Choose the correct word or expression. 1. Internet cafes make it easy to keep in touch, wherever you are. 2. Can you translate this letter for me? I don't understand German. 3. Sally is fluent in three languages: English, Spanish and French. 4. Charlie thought I was angry with him, but he misunderstood what I said. 5. Renee was born in France. Her mother tongue is French. Exercise 2 The following words collocate with the word language. Complete the sentences with the collocations below. 1. body language 2. bad language 3. Sign language 4. foreign language 5. first language 6. official language 1. I could see from her (1) that she felt very uncomfortable. 2. In my opinion, there's too much (2) on TV. 3. (3) is used by people who cannot hear. 4. Martin has never learnt a (4). 5. Your (5) is the language you learnt first and speak best.
  6. 6. 6. Arabic is the (6) of Morocco. Exercise 3 Choose the correct answer according to the phrasal verb in bold. 1. I can get by in Italian. I can speak it well enough to manage 2. Sally picked up some French when she worked on a cruise ship 3. Paul finally got through to the hospital. A nurse answered the phone. 4. Dave forgot to pass on your message. I didn't receive it. 5. To cut in on a conversation is an example of impolite behavior. 6. I couldn't get my idea across to Paul. He didn't understand it. 7. This story was passed down to me. I heard it from my mother. Exercise 4 Complete the passage with the words below. translated • official language • mother tongue • pick up • misunderstanding • fluent A Language for Everyone Imagine a language that belongs to everyone, a language that allows strangers to communicate without (1) misunderstanding one another. Over 100 years ago, Ludovic Zamenhof invented an international language called Esperanto He hoped that this language would promote world peace. Zamenhof (2) translated famous works of literature into Esperanto and in 1905 organised the first world conference for Esperan speakers in France. Although Esperanto is not the (3) official language of any country, there are about six million speakers of Esperanto in the world today. It is the (4) mother tongue of approximately one thousand people It's easy to (5) pick up Esperanto since it has got only sixteen grammatical rules, and words are based on existing words from other languages. According to some experts, you can become (6) fluent in Esperanto in a month or two. Go to one of the many Esperanto websites on the Internet and see for yourself! WRITING An Opinion Essay Exercise 1 Is the writer in favour of or against learning English? The writer is in favour of learning English. Exercise 2 Find two opinions and two facts in the model in Exercise 1. How do you know the difference? Opinions: In my opinion, it's obvious that people should learn English. I think it's essential to learn it [English]. Facts: English is widely used in Hong Kong by people who speak different native languages. It's the main language of organisations like the United Nations. About 80% of the information on the Internet is in English.
  7. 7. An opinion is a personal view or belief about something, while a fact is a piece of information which has been proven true. Exercise 3 The following sentences are about languages. Decide if each one expresses a fact or an opinion. 1. Seven hundred and fifty million people speak English as a foreign language. FACT 2. I believe that the British pronunciation of English is the most correct. OPINION 3. The best way to learn a foreign language is to live in a foreign country. BOTH 4. The four official languages of Switzerland are French, German, Italian and Romansh. FACT 5. It seems to me that it is easier to learn a foreign language when you are young. STATED AS AN OPINION, BUT ALSO A FACT 6. Research has shown that learning a second language helps develop the brain. FACT Exercise 4 Find three connectors of addition in the model in Exercise 1 In addition (paragraph 3) Furthermore (paragraph 3) and (paragraph 4) Exercise 5 Choose the correct connector. 1. In addition to Spanish and Italian, there are other languages based on Latin. 2. He speaks German and Dutch, as well as English. 3. He took some money and went to the shops. 4. Travelling by train is quicker than by car or bus. It's cheaper, too. 5. I think computer games are a waste of time Furthermore, they're expensive. Exercise 6 Complete the sentences. (free answers) LOOKING BACK Vocabulary Exercise 1 Choose the correct answer. 1. Chloe has got curly hair. 2. We apologised for arriving late. 3. I'd like you to contact Mr Evans for me. 4. Our new puppy has damaged up the furniture. 5. James gets up early every morning. He's very disciplined.
  8. 8. Exercise 2 Find the word that does not belong. 1. keep in touch • IGNORE • contact 2. bed and breakfast • youth hostel • TRAVEL GUIDE 3. FOREIGN LANGUAGE • mother tongue • first language 4. harm • damage • RECYCLE 5. disciplined • TALENTED • determined 6. DESTROY • save • protect Exercise 3 Complete the sentences with the words and phrases below translated • challenge • fluent • get by cheerful • increase • bilingual • pick up misunderstood • care about 1. Learning another language can be a challenge 2. Some students just don't care about school. 3. Reading in English will increase your vocabulary. 4. I didn't mean that. I think you've misunderstood me. 5. Children pick up languages more easily than adults. 6. Maria is fluent in three languages. 7. We couldn't understand the Spanish menu, so the waiter translated it. 8. My French isn't great, but I managed to get by in Paris. 9. I enjoy talking to Debbie because she's always cheerful. 10. Donald's German isn't as good as his English, so he isn't really bilingual. Grammar Exercise 4 Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets. Do not change the original meaning of the sentences. 1. I've never been on a ship. 2. By 8.30, our plane will have taken off. 3. Jack is going to study acting. 4. The steak that they serve here is delicious. 5. The Beatles, who broke up in 1970, are still popular. 6. I'll take you to the shop where I bought my boots.
  9. 9. Exercise 5 Choose the correct answers to complete the passage. Learning a Language (1) Have you ever noticed how easily children learn languages? Children (2) who move to another country (3) where they must learn a new language seem to have no problem at all. Everyone knows that within a few months, the children (4) will have become more proficient than their parents. According to some experts, there is a certain period (5) when this is possible - usually not beyond the age of twelve. In contrast, adults, (6) whose brains are not as flexible as children's, can't learn a foreign language perfectly. However, not all experts (7) agree with this theory. They point out that there are many adults (8) who learn new languages very well. Writing Exercise 6 Complete the sentences with the words and phrases below. luxurious • but • as well as • before • fascinating • in addition 1. In my opinion, the lecture was fascinating. 2. Frank is fluent in German as well as Italian. 3. It will be difficult, but we'll solve the problem. 4. You'll enjoy our luxurious spa hotel. 5. Children learn to speak before they learn to read. 6. English pronunciation is difficult. In addition, the grammar rules are quite complicated.
  10. 10. WorkBook VOCABULARY 1 Match the expressions in A to the telephone situations in B A B 1. Speaking. 1 a. Someone asks to speak to you. 2. Can I take a message? 2 c. A phone call comes for someone who isn't home. 3. Just a minute. 3 d. You want to check if someone is at home to receive a call. 4. I'll phone back later. 4 b. You're too busy to talk at the moment. 2 Complete the sentences with the expressions below broke up • enquired about • complained about • argued with • gossiped about 1. Marie complained about the cold food. 2. John argued with his sister because she used his mobile phone without asking his permission. 3. Sam enquired about the job in the advert. 4. Diane broke tip with her boyfriend. 5. Kate and Ruth gossiped about Tom's financial situation to everyone in the class. 3 Look at the sentences in Exercise 2 and decide who … 1. asked for information: Sam 2. had a disagreement: John 3. ended a relationship: Diane 4. spread a rumour: Kale and Ruth 5. was critical: Marie 4 Complete the sentences with the verbs below. blame • complain • chat • apologise • request • warn 1. Don't blame me; I didn't do it 2. I'd like to chat with you for 3 few minutes. 3. You should warn him about the dangerous road. 4. I apologise for being late. 5. I'm going to complain about the noise our neighbours make. 6. All I request is that you arrive on time.
  11. 11. Words from the Text Read the sentences. Write the words in bold in your language. 1. The inhabitants of this country usually speak more than one language. habitantes 2. it was a lively evening with great music and interesting conversation. animada 3. I live nearby so I don't have to leave the house too early. cerca 4. This mobile phone belongs to me but you can use it. (me) pertenece 5. There is an urgent need for people to be more aware of the environment. necesidad 6. Their friendship developed slowly, but in the end. they became best friends. creció. evolucionó GRAMMAR Relative Pronouns / Relative Clauses 1. Choose the correct relative pronoun. 1. I passed the English exam .THAT I did last week. 2. Sue was the first person .WHO spoke to me at the party. 3. Let's visit the park .WHERE. we used to play when we were children. 4. Do you know anyone WHOSE mother tongue is Korean? 5. July is the month WHEN my brother and I have both got birthdays. 6. Have you ever heard of Giobish, defined as "English-lite"? 2 Complete the sentences with the relative pronouns below. who • which • where • whose • when 1. Dave is my only friend who speaks three languages. 2. This is the street where the accident happened. 3. I'm wearing a jacket which belongs to my sister. 4. Joe can't remember a time when he didn't have a dog. 5. Sam enjoyed the book which we gave him. 6. The police spoke to the witness who saw the accident. 7. I like thinking about the day when I met you. 8. Reporters interviewed the woman whose dog rescued the children. 3 In which of the sentences in Exercise 2 is it possible to replace the relative pronoun with that? Sentences 1, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7
  12. 12. 4 Combine the sentences using a relative pronoun. Make any necessary changes. 1. Dr Smith is retiring. He is an excellent doctor. Dr Smith, who is an excellent doctor, is retiring. / Dr Smith, who is retiring, is an excellent doctor. 2. A lady knocked on our door. I didn't recognise her. A lady who / that I didn't recognise knocked on our door. / I didn't recognize the lady who knocked on our door. 3. The tour group visited Stratford-upon-Avon. Shakespeare was born there. The tour group visited Stratford-upon-Avon, where Shakespeare was born. / Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, which the tour group visited. 4. Our TV broke down again last night We've had it for years. Our TV, which we have had for years, broke down again last night. 5. Show me the article. You wrote it for the paper. Show me the article which / that you wrote for the paper. 6. Her dress was gorgeous. It probably cost a lot of money. Her dress, which probably cost a lot of money, was gorgeous. / Her dress, which was gorgeous, probably cost a lot of money. 5 Rewrite the following sentences using the relative pronouns below. Do not change the original meaning of the sentences. 1. where • which • who • when • whose 1. My family doesn't like spicy food. My family doesn't like food which is spicy 2. Our next door neighbour. Mr Collins, is a vet Mr Collins, who is our next door neighbor, is a vet. / Mr Collins, who is a vet , is our next door neighbor. 3. Danny is very worried because his mother is ill. Danny, whose mother is ill, is very worried. 4. We swam at a beautiful beach. The beach (which / that) we swam at (which) was beautiful. / The beach where we swam is (a) beautiful (one). 5. People go skiing in the winter. Winter is a time when people go skiing. 6 Complete the passage with suitable relative pronouns. There may be more than one correct answer. INVENTING THE INTERNET The Internet. (1) which was invented by Vinton Cerf, started as a project (2) which / that linked computer networks in universities. The project began in 1973 (3) when several universities in the United States were linked to the Internet. Later, in 1977. the Internet linked up to universities outside the US such as University College in London, (4) which also had a computer network. At first, Internet users were people (5) whose work was connected with the universities or research laboratories, but interest in the Internet quickly spread. In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee, (6) who was a computer scientist like Cerf, developed the World Wide Web (www), and the internet grew even faster. By 1996. there were 180 countries and 25 million computers which /
  13. 13. that were interconnected through the Internet Today, there aren't many parts of the world (8) where the Internet isn't used, and there are hundreds of millions of users. 7 Correct the errors. 1. Ted is the boy who he is learning Globish. Ted is the boy who is learning Globish. 2. Melissa is the girl that her mother teaches French. Melissa is the girl whose mother teaches French. 3. Shakira. that was born in Colombia, speaks English fluently. Shakira, who was born in Colombia, speaks English fluently. 4. Is there a Spanish university which you can study Chinese? Is there a Spanish university where you can study Chinese? 5. Where is the dictionary that I lent you it? Where is the dictionary that i lent you? 8 Translate the sentences into your own language. 1. No me gustan las personas que cotillean. 2. El Globish, que mucha gente habla, está creciendo rápidamente. 3. Vivimos en una aldea global donde el inglés es el idioma común. 4. La gente joven a menudo se descarga tonos de llamada, que son un verdadero negocio para las empresas. 5. El Globish es el idioma que ayudará a mejorar la comunicación con el resto del mundo. VOCABULARY 1 Decide if the following sentences are true or false. Correct the false sentences. Pay attention to the words in bold 1. If someone is bilingual, he or she speaks two languages. TRUE 2. if you use bad language, you are being polite. FALSE If you use bad language, you are being impolite / rude. 3. People often misunderstand each other when they speak clearly. FALSE People often misunderstand each other when they don't speak clearly. 4. To keep in touch means to communicate with someone. TRUE 5. If you discuss an issue, you don't talk about it. FALSE discuss an issue, you talk about it. 6. Your mother tongue is the first language you learn to speak. TRUE 2 Complete the collocations with the words below. first • official • body • sign • foreign 1. Marie grew up in France so her first language is French. 2. Watch her body language and you'll know how she's feeling. 3. Knowing a foreign language is helpful when travelling. 4. Brett uses sign language to communicate because he can't hear or talk. 5. English and French are the official languages of Canada.
  14. 14. 3 Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs below get through • pick up • get across • pass on • cut in • pass down 1. Josh managed to pick up quite a bit of Italian when he stayed in Rome. 2. After trying to call for over an hour, we were finally able to get through to the office. 3. Don't forget to pass on those messages to Sue. 4. We hope to pass down this family recipe from generation to generation. 5. I tried to get across my ideas but nobody was listening. 6. It's bad manners to cut in on other people's conversations. 4 Complete the passage with the words and phrases below misunderstand • mother tongue • translate • fluent • get by • cut in • get across BEING AN INTERPRETER If you are (1) fluent in one or more languages, you might want to study to become a simultaneous interpreter. However, one thing must be clear: it is not enough to be able to just (2) get by in the foreign language - you must be able to speak it almost as well as your (3) mother tongue . Simultaneous interpreters (4) translate from one language to another just a few seconds after someone speaks. They have to be able to (5) get across the speaker's message very dearly, and if they (6) misunderstand something, they have got a problem. They cannot (7) cut in and ask the speaker to repeat what he or she has just said. It's a difficult job. but it is very interesting! WRITING An Opinion Essay 1 Complete the sentences with the connectors below also • furthermore • too • in addition to 1. She's slimmer, and she's fitter, too 2. In addition to playing tennis, he plays volleyball and basketball. 3. I like chocolate and I also like ice cream. 4. Nancy is an excellent student. Furthermore she's a talented musician. 2 Choose the correct connector LEARNING A FOREING LANGUAGE ABROAD In my opinion, the best place to learn a foreign language is in the country where the language is spoken, not in a classroom. In a classroom, you are with people who are not native speakers. (1) Besides, you don't have much chance to speak in a dassroom. (2) Furthermore, lessons are only a few hours a week, which is not enough to learn speaking (3) in addition to grammar and vocabulary. If you live in a foreign country, you are surrounded by native speakers. In order to survive, you must quickly leam to understand the language and speak it, (4) too. You'll (5) also learn much more about the culture of the country than you ever could in a classroom.
  15. 15. EXTRA READING 1 Scan the text and find the answers to the following questions 1. Which country fought against China less than 60 years ago? South Korea 2. How many Confucius Institutes are there in Europe and Afnca? eleven 3. Who was Confucius? an old philosopher 2 Now read the entire text. Decide if the following sentences are true IT) or false IF). Find evidence in the text to justify your answers 1. People around the world are still hesitant to leam Chinese. FALSE "... people are lining up lo study the language." 2. Confucius Institutes are only set up in China FALSE..." set up to promote the Chinese language overseas." 3. Chinese language studies are very popular in countnes that are closer to China. TRUE ... "... are most advanced in neighbouring countries." 4. South Koreans are keen to study Chinese. TRUE... "... more popular than English ... in South Korea." 3. Answer the questions 1. Why is studying Chinese becoming increasingly popular? To conduct business with China, and because it's a fashionable thing to do. 2. What evidence does the writer give to show that China has not always been on good terms with South Korea? South Korea fought against China less than 60 years ago. 3. How does the writer of the article feel about the name given to the institutes? He thinks that it is appropriate. 4 Find words or expressions in the text that mean: 1. known (paragraph 1) renowned 2. established (paragraph 2) set up 3. tense (paragraph 2) strained 4.up to now ( paragraph 3) to date ( paragraph 4) rapid 5. Write a past form verb from the text that sounds the same as: washed /t/ launched, advanced
  16. 16. CHECK YOUR PROGRESS VOCABULARY 1 Match the words or phrases in A to their definitions in B. 1. get by e to managed 2. cut in f to interrupt 3. misunderstand g to interpret correctly. 4. get across b to explain or express 5. slang h informal language 6. keep in touch d to communicate regularly 7. mother tongue a the first language learnt as a child 8. ignore c to pay no attention 2 Complete the sentences with words or phrases in Exercise 1, column A. Make any necessary changes. 1. Please don't cut in while I'm speaking. 2. I think I misunderslood you. Could you explain that to me again? 3. I think he's angry at me because he has ignored me all day. 4. Let's keep in touch and tell each other about our lives. 5. Although her mother tongue is French, she speaks English very well. 3 Complete the passage with the words and phrases below. picking up • bilingual • fluent • discuss • body language foreign language • sign language • translating THE VISUAL LANGUAGE It's quite amazing to watch deaf people using (I) sign language in order to (2) discuss anything from shopping to philosophy. This type of language relies on sight rather than sound, using hand movements as well as (2) body language to communicate. If you are a hearing person, it is like (4) picking up any (3) foreign language and it may take a long time before you become (6) fluent. People who are (7) bilingual - that is, they know both sign language and spoken language - can be seen translating spoken language into sign language on television or even in the theatre. GRAMMAR 4 Complete the sentences with relative pronouns. There may be more than one possible answer. 1. I must find a quiet place where I can study. 2. He saw a woman whose face was quite familiar. 3. Let me introduce Kathy Tate, who is going to sing for us tonight.
  17. 17. 4. This is a problem which / that can't be easily solved. 5. Has there ever been a time when you had to make a difficult decision? 6. I thought about Brighton, where I had spent many happy years. 7. Daniel, whose cooking talent is well known, is going to make us dinner. 8. This is the girl who / that I was telling you about. 5 Combine the sentences using a relative pronoun. Make any necessary changes 1. I can't remember the name of the hotel. We stayed there last summer. I can'l remember the name of the hotel where we stayed last summer. 2. Louise hardly ever gets angry. She began shouting at the boy. Louise, who hardly ever gets angry, began shouting at the boy. 3. Max and Corinne have got three children. Their names all begin with M. Max and Corinne have got three children whose names all begin with M. 4. Shakespeare lived 400 years ago. His plays have been translated into many languages. Shakespeare, whose plays have been translated into many languages, lived 400 years ago 5. Here is the article. I read yesterday. Here is the article that / which I read yesterday. 6. I'm looking forward to two o'clock. Then I can go home. I'm looking forward to two o'clock, when I can go home. 7. The music is too loud for me. You're playing it The music dial / which you are playing is loo loud for me. 8. The man left town a few days ago. He lived upstairs. The man who lived upstairs Ten lown a few days ago. / The man who left town a few days ago lived upstairs. WRITING 6 Choose the correct connector 1. We enjoy going to the cinema. In addition, we often go out to eat. 2. You'll need good walking shoes as well as a backpack. 3. This cake is delicious and also easy to make. 4. My sister is quite athletic, and I am too. (It's better English to say: "and so am I")