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Societal Control of Crime
Societal- relating to society or social
relations.
Crime- an action or omission that constitutes
an offense that may be prosecuted by the
state and is punishable by law.
Control- the power to influence or direct
people's behavior or the course of events.
Social Control Theory
is a sociological theory that explores the causes of individual
engagement in criminal behavior. It states that individuals act in
certain ways because of the influence of society. If an individual
is attached to society, or to important individuals (parents,
friends, etc.) in that society, they will act in positive, constructive
ways.
On the other hand, if individuals are not attached to
society, they will act in destructive ways, including
criminal behavior. Social controls are developed in
childhood by parents and teachers who associate
positive behavior with rewards and negative
behaviors with punishments.
As individuals age and as their paradigm changes,
their acceptance of these social controls shifts as
well. The essential beliefs created through this
process, as well as the related values, mores, and
interpersonal relationships and commitments, create
the framework for personal motivators that
encourage people to follow laws.
Travis Hirschi
He stated that the presence or lack of effectiveness of
social controls on individuals were key influences in their
decisions to engage in criminal activity. Those who
commit crimes do so because they feel no obligation to
abide by the rules of a society to which they have no
allegiance or connection. Social control theory is also
called ''social bond theory.''
Attachment
Four Main Components in
Individual-Community
Relationships or Social Bonds
Commitment
Involvement
in society
Belief in cultural
and social mores and
norms
Connections between individuals and the surrounding community are important in
personal development. If these connections are strong enough, individuals will not act in
ways that are disagreeable. They will not want to disappoint or endanger parents,
teachers, coworkers, or friends. They will want to build up, not damage, their
community.
On the other hand, the absence of attachments to other individuals means that criminal
behavior will not disappoint anyone.
Attachment
Commitment
If commitments to other people do not exist,
individuals will not have any reason not to
engage in criminal activity, because
impediments to freedom or other punishments
will not adversely affect any responsibilities.
The obligations that individuals have undertaken are important influences on their
behavior. If people have responsibilities to dependents or employees or other
members of a community, they will not want to do anything that can prevent the
completion of these responsibilities. Deviant behavior, especially criminality, can
cause punishments that will impede the carrying out of their obligations. This in turn
can destroy interpersonal relationships.
Individuals will not want to harm society or go against
its teachings if they have a vested interest in the
goings-on in that community.
Involvement in society
BELIEF IN
CULTURAL AND
SOCIAL MORES
AND NORMS
If someone truly believes in the
rules that have been established
by a society, they will never act
contrary to them.
If an individual has been brought up to
be law abiding, they are less likely to
become involved in crime.
The underlying goal of social control is
to maintain social order, an
arrangement of practices and
behaviours on which society’s
members base their daily lives.
Societal Control of Crime.pdf

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Societal Control of Crime.pdf

  • 2. Societal- relating to society or social relations. Crime- an action or omission that constitutes an offense that may be prosecuted by the state and is punishable by law. Control- the power to influence or direct people's behavior or the course of events.
  • 3. Social Control Theory is a sociological theory that explores the causes of individual engagement in criminal behavior. It states that individuals act in certain ways because of the influence of society. If an individual is attached to society, or to important individuals (parents, friends, etc.) in that society, they will act in positive, constructive ways.
  • 4. On the other hand, if individuals are not attached to society, they will act in destructive ways, including criminal behavior. Social controls are developed in childhood by parents and teachers who associate positive behavior with rewards and negative behaviors with punishments.
  • 5. As individuals age and as their paradigm changes, their acceptance of these social controls shifts as well. The essential beliefs created through this process, as well as the related values, mores, and interpersonal relationships and commitments, create the framework for personal motivators that encourage people to follow laws.
  • 7. He stated that the presence or lack of effectiveness of social controls on individuals were key influences in their decisions to engage in criminal activity. Those who commit crimes do so because they feel no obligation to abide by the rules of a society to which they have no allegiance or connection. Social control theory is also called ''social bond theory.''
  • 8. Attachment Four Main Components in Individual-Community Relationships or Social Bonds Commitment Involvement in society Belief in cultural and social mores and norms
  • 9. Connections between individuals and the surrounding community are important in personal development. If these connections are strong enough, individuals will not act in ways that are disagreeable. They will not want to disappoint or endanger parents, teachers, coworkers, or friends. They will want to build up, not damage, their community. On the other hand, the absence of attachments to other individuals means that criminal behavior will not disappoint anyone. Attachment
  • 10. Commitment If commitments to other people do not exist, individuals will not have any reason not to engage in criminal activity, because impediments to freedom or other punishments will not adversely affect any responsibilities. The obligations that individuals have undertaken are important influences on their behavior. If people have responsibilities to dependents or employees or other members of a community, they will not want to do anything that can prevent the completion of these responsibilities. Deviant behavior, especially criminality, can cause punishments that will impede the carrying out of their obligations. This in turn can destroy interpersonal relationships.
  • 11. Individuals will not want to harm society or go against its teachings if they have a vested interest in the goings-on in that community. Involvement in society
  • 12. BELIEF IN CULTURAL AND SOCIAL MORES AND NORMS If someone truly believes in the rules that have been established by a society, they will never act contrary to them.
  • 13. If an individual has been brought up to be law abiding, they are less likely to become involved in crime.
  • 14. The underlying goal of social control is to maintain social order, an arrangement of practices and behaviours on which society’s members base their daily lives.