OLE Alliance For Ready Schools 3 4 10


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OLE Alliance For Ready Schools 3 4 10

  1. 1. Janet McGinnis, NC Office of Early Learning Jani Kozlowski, NC Division of Child Development Play Outside! Adventures with the NC Outdoor Learning Environments Alliance
  2. 2. Mission of the North Carolina Outdoor Learning Environments Alliance <ul><li>“ To improve the quality of outdoor environments and experiences for all children throughout the state.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. NC OLE Alliance was originally organized by: <ul><li>3 Work Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Development & Technical Assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy & Regulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Awareness & Advocacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Leadership Team that includes </li></ul><ul><li>2 representatives from each work group. </li></ul><ul><li>Advisory Members who are available to the Alliance to provide expertise in specified areas. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Why Play Outside? </li></ul><ul><li>Play Outside Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina Initiatives </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why aren’t children going outside? <ul><li>Safety concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sun safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air quality – ozone days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules, regulations, sanitation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of high-quality outdoor environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of recognition of the outdoors as an arena for learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of understanding that children learn through play </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Research supports this notion that children are spending less time playing outdoors <ul><li>Survey of 800 mothers in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Outdoor play in the 2000s vs 40 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Less time outdoors </li></ul><ul><li>Different activities outdoors </li></ul><ul><li>More indoor play </li></ul>Clements, R. “An Investigation of the State of Outdoor Play.” Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, Vol. 5(1):68-80, 2004.
  7. 7. Plugged In or Tuned Out? <ul><li>For many, childhood is spent overly plugged in. (Wike, 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Children now spend nearly 30 hours a week watching a TV or computer screen, listening to something through headphones or, for older children, using cell phones or media players (CDC, 2005; Ginsberg et al, 2007). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Children know more about Pokémon than common wildlife <ul><li>Survey of 109 kids in the UK </li></ul><ul><li>Assessed knowledge using set of flashcards </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife knowledge rose from 32% at age 4 to 53% at age 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Pokémon knowledge rose from 7% at age 4 to 78% at age 8 </li></ul>Balmford, A., Clegg, L., Coulson, T., & Taylor, J. “Why Conservationists Should Heed Pokémon.” Science, 295(5564), 2367-2367, 2002.
  9. 9. What are the consequences? <ul><li>Decline in physical fitness </li></ul><ul><li>Rising childhood obesity rates </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in attention issues </li></ul><ul><li>More allergies, asthma , respiratory illness </li></ul>
  10. 10. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults Center for Health Statistics, 1985 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  11. 11. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults 2 007
  12. 12. Childhood Obesity on the Rise <ul><li>In North Carolina in 2007, 15.3% of children ages 2-4 are considered to be extremely overweight. (>=95 percentile) </li></ul><ul><li>That amounts to a total of 15,092 </li></ul><ul><li>overweight preschool children in our state. </li></ul><ul><li>NC-NPASS, 2007; limited to children seen in NC Public Health sponsored clinics </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Children need 1 hour per day of vigorous activity. </li></ul><ul><li>(U.S. Surgeon General) </li></ul>However, more than half of parents (54%) said that they had little or no time to spend engaged in physical activity with their children, but wish they had more time .
  14. 14. Attention issues respond to outside play .
  15. 15. This research from the University of Illinois has shown… <ul><li>Children who are exposed </li></ul><ul><li>to natural environments </li></ul><ul><li>exhibit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved attention skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less impulsivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer challenging behaviors </li></ul></ul>Taylor, Andrea Faber; Frances E. Kuo; and William C. Sullivan. In Environment and Behavior, Vol. 33, No. 1, January 2001. © 2001 Sage Publications, Inc. Available at www.lhhl.uiuc.edu
  16. 16. <ul><li>Cornell professor Nancy Wells found that even a view of nature—green plants and vistas—helps reduce stress among highly stressed children. </li></ul>Wells, N.M., and Evans, G.W. &quot;Nearby Nature: A Buffer of Life Stress Among Rural Children.&quot; Environment and Behavior. Vol. 35:3, 311-330.
  17. 17. Outdoor Play Benefits the “Whole Child” <ul><li>Health benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>problem-solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>self-discipline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>self-awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emotional benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>stress reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reduced aggression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increased happiness </li></ul></ul>Burdette, Hillary L., M.D., M.S.; and Robert C. Whitaker, M.D, M.P.H. &quot;Resurrecting Free Play in Young Children: Looking Beyond Fitness and Fatness to Attention, Affiliation and Affect.&quot; © 2005 American Medical Association.
  18. 18. <ul><li>Things to Think about: Appeal to the Senses </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sense of Smell - aromatic plants - flowers and herbs.
  20. 20. Taste - grow food, herbs.  Have lunch or snack outdoors.  Hold a special event or activity outside that involves tasting - like making apple cider, cutting open a watermelon…
  21. 21. Touch - lots of textures in surfacing and materials and plants.  Moss, soft grasses and other plants with other textures - bark or mulch of different types. And soft white sand…
  22. 22. <ul><li>Sound – musical instruments, wind chimes, grasses that make sounds when they blow in the wind, birdsong </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Things to think about: Pathways </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Things to think about: Shade </li></ul>
  25. 25. Things to think about: Hills
  26. 26. <ul><li>Things to think about: Hills & Water play </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Things to think about: Water Features </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Things to think about: Water Features </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Things to think about: Cozy Places </li></ul>
  30. 30. Things to think about: Loose Parts
  31. 31. <ul><li>Things to think about: Art </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Things to think about: Music </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Things to think about: Music </li></ul>
  34. 34. Impromptu Dramatic Play
  35. 35. Outdoor Gathering Places
  36. 36. <ul><li>Growing Your Own Food </li></ul>
  37. 37. Planting a “Shoe Garden”
  38. 38. We still have a long way to go!
  39. 39. We still have a long way to go!
  40. 40. Outdoor Learning Environments Quality Enhancement Project <ul><li>Preventing Obesity by Design (POD) </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by Blue Cross Blue Shield Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>NC State Natural Learning Initiative & NCPC </li></ul><ul><li>3 years  30 sites that are developing high quality outdoor environments </li></ul><ul><li>Training & support for Smart Start-funded technical assistance providers </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><ul><li>POD Design Workshop </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><ul><li>Play area improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everybody involved: school director, teachers, children, siblings, community members, volunteers and NLI design team </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preschool Outdoor Evaluation Measurement Scale (POEMS) </li></ul></ul>http://www.poemsnc.org
  45. 45. Sky View Factor Before After 26% less sun exposure
  46. 46. <ul><ul><li>Environmental Care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watering newly planted trees and groundcovers with rainwater </li></ul></ul>
  47. 47. BEFORE AFTER
  48. 48. Proposed Licensing Regulations <ul><li>1 hour of outdoor play each day (weather permitting) </li></ul><ul><li>Limited “screen time” </li></ul><ul><li>Rules to be voted on by the Child Care Commission on March 11 th , 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Website with link to proposed rules: </li></ul>
  49. 49. www.osr.nc.gov (Go to the Professional Development link)
  50. 50. For More Information Janet McGinnis, Education Consultant NC Office of Early Learning [email_address] Jani Kozlowski, Policy Unit Supervisor NC Division of Child Development [email_address]