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Inspiring Environmental       Citizenship    Outdoor & Eco LearningMark Brown AMRS, FRSA
The space we are in affects how we              performLarger windows =         progress +15 % in mathematics         prog...
The space we are in affects how we              performNatural views =          higher test scores          higher graduat...
But classroom spaces in the main    haven’t evolved so much
But classroom spaces in the main    haven’t evolved so much
But classroom spaces in the main    haven’t evolved so much
2012       But classroom spaces in the main           haven’t evolved so much
Eco learning spaces can help educators  tackle nature deficit disorder and      environmental citizenship
„For a new generation, nature is more abstractionthan reality.Increasingly, nature is something to watch, toconsume, to we...
Children in BritainHow many hours watching TV per week?        17 hoursHow many hours online per week?         20 hours   ...
11-15 year oldsHow many hours a day in front of a screen?           7.5How much has that increased in the last 10 years?  ...
Since the 1970s, children’s ‘radius ofunsupervised activity’ has declined by 90%.    Gaster, S. (1991) ‘Urban Children’s A...
Fewer than one in ten children regularlyplay in wild places; compared to almost         half a generation ago.      Natura...
Children spend so little time outdoors that   they are unfamiliar with one of our       commonest wild creatures.         ...
What type of bird is this?A. PigeonB. JackdawC. Magpie
What type of bird is this?A. PigeonB. JackdawC. Magpie            30%
What type of insect is this?A. HornetB. WaspC. Bee
What type of insect is this?A. HornetB. WaspC. Bee
What type of insect is this?A. HornetB. WaspC. Bee             50%
What is this?A. RobotB. DalekC. Toothbrush
What is this?A. RobotB. DalekC. Toothbrush             90%
The effects on our children3 in 10 children are overweight.Vitamin D deficiency          rickets          shortsightedness...
“The less children play outdoors, the less they learn tocope with the risks and challenges they will go on toface as adult...
“Even nature itself has become a commodity. Manybelieve they cannot experience it unless they are in anature reserve, have...
„I think children are born with an inherent love of theoutdoors… but as parents we stop letting them havetheir freedom, an...
„What we‟ve done is we‟ve put Nature over there –we‟ve put a fence around it and said                    „That‟s Nature‟  ...
Outdoor Learning
“Natural places are singularlyengaging, stimulating, life-enhancing environmentswhere children can reach new depths ofunde...
Psychologist Aric Sigman:          the ‘countryside effect’Children exposed to naturescored higher on concentration and se...
Contact with nature reduces the impact               of ADDSymptoms more manageable after activities ingreen settings than...
Environmental Citizenship
During a ‘direct nature experience  program’ participants had a significantincrease in environmental knowledge and        ...
The critical age of influence appears to be before 12years. Before this age contact with nature in all itsforms, but in pa...
If we are going to save environmentalism and theenvironment, we must also save an endangeredspecies: the child in nature  ...
Children do want to learn about       environmental citizenship82% agreed learning about green issues as important        ...
Children do want to learn about    environmental citizenshipHow many children here influence their     parents green behav...
Opportunity for Schools and Early             Years settingsOutdoor Learningin asafe environmenttopromote Environmental Ci...
Research suggests help & ideas are neededHow much of the school day do you spend outside?                   25%How much of...
Research suggests help & ideas are needed88% agreed ‘the promotion of environmental bestpractice, using outdoor learning, ...
What we have heard at The Learning Escape
The eco-friendly building has encouraged even ouryoungest children to be more aware of theirenvironment and the importance...
Both children and staff have really enjoyed working inthis lovely new classroom, with easy access to theoutdoors for play....
We now have a creative learning space which offersthe children wonderful opportunities to complimentour creative curriculu...
Eco LearningEducators talk about how Eco Learning spaces inspireOutdoor Learning and promote EnvironmentalCitizenshipView ...
„How can our children learn to care about their                  futures?‟
Outdoor LearningOutdoor Learning helps         teamwork         moral reasoning         social interaction         conflic...
Making a DifferenceLead by exampleTake the curriculum outdoorsGet children involvedEncourage them to ‘pass it on’Support a...
Designing to promote Environmental             CitizenshipMinimise barriers between inside and outLarge full height window...
Inspiring environmental citizenship by the learning escape
Inspiring environmental citizenship by the learning escape
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Inspiring environmental citizenship by the learning escape

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A workshop given by The Learning Escape at the Eco Schools show 2012. Covering Nature Deficit Disorder, Outdoor Learning and Environmental Citizenship. Educators from Whitchurch and Danesfield Manor Schools also talk about how their Learning Escapes have inspired Outdoor Learning and help to promote Environmental Citizenship.

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Inspiring environmental citizenship by the learning escape

  1. 1. Inspiring Environmental Citizenship Outdoor & Eco LearningMark Brown AMRS, FRSA
  2. 2. The space we are in affects how we performLarger windows = progress +15 % in mathematics progress +23 %in reading Heschong Mahone Group 21,000 students
  3. 3. The space we are in affects how we performNatural views = higher test scores higher graduation rates more planning to attend college fewer reports of criminal behavior High school landscapes and student performance. Matsuoka, R. H. (2008). University of Michigan
  4. 4. But classroom spaces in the main haven’t evolved so much
  5. 5. But classroom spaces in the main haven’t evolved so much
  6. 6. But classroom spaces in the main haven’t evolved so much
  7. 7. 2012 But classroom spaces in the main haven’t evolved so much
  8. 8. Eco learning spaces can help educators tackle nature deficit disorder and environmental citizenship
  9. 9. „For a new generation, nature is more abstractionthan reality.Increasingly, nature is something to watch, toconsume, to wear – to ignore.‟ Richard Louv, Last Child in the Woods.
  10. 10. Children in BritainHow many hours watching TV per week? 17 hoursHow many hours online per week? 20 hours Ofcom October 2011
  11. 11. 11-15 year oldsHow many hours a day in front of a screen? 7.5How much has that increased in the last 10 years? +40% Half their waking lives Ofcom October 2011
  12. 12. Since the 1970s, children’s ‘radius ofunsupervised activity’ has declined by 90%. Gaster, S. (1991) ‘Urban Children’s Access to Their Neighbourhoods: Changes Over Three Generations’
  13. 13. Fewer than one in ten children regularlyplay in wild places; compared to almost half a generation ago. Natural England (2009) Childhood and Nature:a survey on changing relationships with nature across generations.
  14. 14. Children spend so little time outdoors that they are unfamiliar with one of our commonest wild creatures. National Trust survey 2008
  15. 15. What type of bird is this?A. PigeonB. JackdawC. Magpie
  16. 16. What type of bird is this?A. PigeonB. JackdawC. Magpie 30%
  17. 17. What type of insect is this?A. HornetB. WaspC. Bee
  18. 18. What type of insect is this?A. HornetB. WaspC. Bee
  19. 19. What type of insect is this?A. HornetB. WaspC. Bee 50%
  20. 20. What is this?A. RobotB. DalekC. Toothbrush
  21. 21. What is this?A. RobotB. DalekC. Toothbrush 90%
  22. 22. The effects on our children3 in 10 children are overweight.Vitamin D deficiency rickets shortsightedness asthmaReduction in children’s physical ability10% decline in cardiorespiratory fitness1 in 10 have mental health disorder1 in 12 adolescents are self-harming35,000 children prescribed anti-depressants
  23. 23. “The less children play outdoors, the less they learn tocope with the risks and challenges they will go on toface as adults… Nothing can replace what childrengain from the freedom and independence of thoughtthey have when trying new things out in the open.” Tanya Byron, Hillsdon, M. (2009) Getting Kids Back to Nature, Tourism Insights.
  24. 24. “Even nature itself has become a commodity. Manybelieve they cannot experience it unless they are in anature reserve, have the right pair of binoculars, orare wearing the correctly endorsed clothes…So often nature is seen as something to travel to – notsomething we are immersed in all the time anddependent upon for our physical, emotional andspiritual health”. Baker, N. (2009) Last of the pond-dippers, in Natural World magazine September 2009.
  25. 25. „I think children are born with an inherent love of theoutdoors… but as parents we stop letting them havetheir freedom, and we work that love of nature out ofthem…‟ Kate Macrae Education Consultant and Teacher
  26. 26. „What we‟ve done is we‟ve put Nature over there –we‟ve put a fence around it and said „That‟s Nature‟ Dr William Bird Outdoor Nation Interview „Take only photographs, leave only footprints…‟
  27. 27. Outdoor Learning
  28. 28. “Natural places are singularlyengaging, stimulating, life-enhancing environmentswhere children can reach new depths ofunderstanding about themselves, their abilities andtheir relationship with the world around them.” Tim Gill, ‘Now for free-range childhood’
  29. 29. Psychologist Aric Sigman: the ‘countryside effect’Children exposed to naturescored higher on concentration and self-disciplineimproved awareness, reasoning and observational skillsbetter reading, writing, maths, science & social studieswere better at working in teamsshowed improved behaviour overall. Sigman, A. (2007) Agricultural Literacy: Giving concrete children food for thought
  30. 30. Contact with nature reduces the impact of ADDSymptoms more manageable after activities ingreen settings than after activities in othersettingsThe greener a child’s everyday environment, themore manageable their symptoms will be. Taylor, Andrea Faber; Frances E. Kuo; and William C. Sullivan. In Environment and Behavior, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
  31. 31. Environmental Citizenship
  32. 32. During a ‘direct nature experience program’ participants had a significantincrease in environmental knowledge and attitudes Duerden, M. D., & Witt, P. A. (2010). The impact of direct and indirect experiences on the development of environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behavior.
  33. 33. The critical age of influence appears to be before 12years. Before this age contact with nature in all itsforms, but in particular wild nature, appears tostrongly influence a positive behaviour towards theenvironment. William Bird for the RSPB, Natural Thinking
  34. 34. If we are going to save environmentalism and theenvironment, we must also save an endangeredspecies: the child in nature Richard Louv, Last Child in the Woods
  35. 35. Children do want to learn about environmental citizenship82% agreed learning about green issues as important science (35%), IT (36%) art (37%)66% want to learn more about wildlife and nature62% want to learn about green issues96% were worried about people damaging the planet The Co-operative Green Schools initiative 2011 1027 7-14 year olds
  36. 36. Children do want to learn about environmental citizenshipHow many children here influence their parents green behaviour? 64% The Co-operative Green Schools initiative 2011 1027 7-14 year olds
  37. 37. Opportunity for Schools and Early Years settingsOutdoor Learningin asafe environmenttopromote Environmental Citizenship
  38. 38. Research suggests help & ideas are neededHow much of the school day do you spend outside? 25%How much of that is spent learning? 10%How many headteachers didn’t know? 14%How many schools used a shelter for outside teaching? 55%
  39. 39. Research suggests help & ideas are needed88% agreed ‘the promotion of environmental bestpractice, using outdoor learning, was a key area ofunderperformance’Only 33% prioritised this for development42% don’t know the time that children were learningabout environmental citizenshipWhat are the biggest barriers to successfuldevelopment of Environmental Citizenship? Lack of funding 26% Need to cover other curriculum areas 45% Lack of staff understanding/training 39%
  40. 40. What we have heard at The Learning Escape
  41. 41. The eco-friendly building has encouraged even ouryoungest children to be more aware of theirenvironment and the importance of looking after it. Molly Ball Dickleburgh Pre-School Chairman
  42. 42. Both children and staff have really enjoyed working inthis lovely new classroom, with easy access to theoutdoors for play. The children are fascinated with thepools of light from the sun pipes and have appreciatedthe beautiful views across the fields through theseasons. A welcome bonus is that we have savedsignificantly on energy costs! Sue Dubois Head teacher Hindringham
  43. 43. We now have a creative learning space which offersthe children wonderful opportunities to complimentour creative curriculum. The children are inspired byworking in the outdoors and weve seen a greatimprovement in their creativity. Marianne Baker Head teacher Dodford
  44. 44. Eco LearningEducators talk about how Eco Learning spaces inspireOutdoor Learning and promote EnvironmentalCitizenshipView on YouTube http://youtu.be/dnBEHxVGUhQ
  45. 45. „How can our children learn to care about their futures?‟
  46. 46. Outdoor LearningOutdoor Learning helps teamwork moral reasoning social interaction conflict resolution risk-assessment negotiation. Integrating environmental education can instill ‘care for the future’as a part of their role as a responsible citizen.
  47. 47. Making a DifferenceLead by exampleTake the curriculum outdoorsGet children involvedEncourage them to ‘pass it on’Support a scheme like Eco-SchoolsReward good environmental citizenshipConsider how you bridge the gap from in to outConsider your classrooms and buildings
  48. 48. Designing to promote Environmental CitizenshipMinimise barriers between inside and outLarge full height windows and doorsHarness the sun; sun pipes, water. electricity.AA rated appliances & smart metersGenerous ceiling heights for low C02Covered canopies for free flowNatural materials, recycled insulationAway from the main school so it’s a special placeSimple small Eco learning spaces can kick start

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