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Media effects on_the_brain


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Media effects on_the_brain

  1. 1. Media Effects on the Brain By: Ciara Rutten
  2. 2. What is Media?• The means of communication, such as radio and television, newspapers, and magazines, that reach or influence people widely.• Can also include computer and video games
  3. 3. Media and Young Children• The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends : • NO television for children 2 years old or younger • No more than 1 or 2 hours of television for children older than that.•
  4. 4. Media and Children• “Our brain is designed to adapt its cortical networks to the environment in which it lives (e.g., to master the local language). A socially interactive environment that stimulates curiosity and exploration enhances the development of an effective brain. Thus, excessive childhood involvement with electronic media that limit social interaction could hinder the development of a brains social systems. Conversely, denying a child easy and extensive exploration of electronic technology helps to create an electronically hampered adult in an increasingly electronic culture. Surfing on TV, video, the Internet, and anything else thats electronic is the screenagers version of how to drive a car by first successfully mastering a tricycle/wagon/bicycle”--Robert Sylwester
  5. 5. T.V. Addictive?• screen&v=fYsT2L1w2sU&NR=1• IRQQE&feature=related• gzY
  6. 6. Media and Health• Current research shows that media, Television in particular has a strong link to many health issues including • ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) • Alzheimers • Autism • Sleeping Disorders • Cancer • Obesity
  7. 7. ADHD• In a study in 2004 of 2500 children they found that early exposure to television led to a higher rate attentional disorders at 7 yearsold that led to a diagnosis of ADHD• 3%-7% of school aged children have ADHD according to the CDC (Center for Disease Control)
  8. 8. Alzheimers• Because watching television is a “non- intelectually stimulating activity” it is believed to possibly be a contributing factor to Alzheimer’s disease• For every hour we watch daily in our middle years our risk for Alzheimer’s increases Lindstrom
  9. 9. Sleeping Disorders• Thompson and Christakis (2005) found that television viewing in infants and toddlers was associated with irregular sleep patterns• A study at Columbia University found that adolescents who watch 3 hours of T.V. a day had a higher risk of sleep problems
  10. 10. Cancer• T.V. is believed to cause sleep problems which lead to decreased levels of melatonin, a powerful antioxidant• Decreased melatonin leads to an increased risk that cells will develop cancer causing mutations
  11. 11. Obesity• The link between Television watching and obesity is fairly obvious• Watching television requires us to sit inactive thus we are not getting proper exercise and we gain weight
  12. 12. Group Question• How much TV do you watch a week?• How much time on video or computer games?• How much time using entertainment media total?
  13. 13. bibliography• American Academy of Pediatrics. AAP updates guidance to help families make positive media choices. 10-13-2010• CDC (center for disease control) ADHD data and statistics december, 2011. web• Christakis D A and Zimmerman F J (2006) Media as a Public Health Issue. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine.• Sigman, Aric “Visual Voodoo: the biological impact of watching TV” february 2007. web.• Sylwester, robert. “the effects of electronic media on a developing brain” web.•