Seven50 May 17 Workshop

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  • Incongruence betweenwhere we livewhere we workhow we transport ourselves in-between these spacesAnd the educational attainment of minority and low-income citizens of Southeast FloridaThe Seven50 Prosperity Plan needs to address how to bridge these silos, break down barriers to opportunity while building access
  • Describe FHEA
  • 60% of renting households, regardless of income, pay more than 30% of their monthly income on housing costs while 46% of households making payments to a mortgage pay more than 30% of their monthly income on housing costs
  • Renter-occupied households as a whole are more likely to spend more than 30% of their monthly income on housing costs than those that own. When considering various incomes, within lower income brackets there are more renters than owners. Also within this income range, households that rent have higher probabilities of paying above 30% of their household income than those that own. Conversely within the higher income brackets there are more owner-occupied housing units and henceforth more owners are cost-burdened in these brackets. Proportionally, however renting households making less than $20,000 are the most cost-burdened group within each county in SEFLA
  • 13% percent of the total population
  • A significant divide exists based on race between the economic performance of whites and non-whites. Poverty is clearly linked to race and ethnicity throughout the region. While the predominant race throughout the region is white, proportionally there are about half as many white people in poverty in comparison to both African American and Hispanic populations.
  • Geographic distribution of the population by race is notable for its spatial patterns: whites make up more of the population in the Treasure Coast and Monroe County, plus the higher-income census tracts along the Atlantic Coast throughout the tri-county MSA and the western urban growth boundary in Broward County. African Americans, on the other hand, make up more of the population in the Belle Glade area, central Broward County, and north-central Miami-Dade County (each of these areas also exhibit similar concentrations of low-income census tracts). As for Hispanics, Miami-Dade County is notable for being the only county of the region where they comprise the majority of the population.
  • An example of the disproportionate relationship between race/ethnicity and poverty
  • Single female householders with children as especially in need. As a region, one third of all single-female households with children are below poverty level.
  • By far the most common means to get to work across all seven counties is private automobile—78.4 percent of all workers get to work in this manner. In all but 75 census tracts, 70 percent or more of workers drive or carpool to work. In fact, in 48.4 percent of all tracts, the number of workers commuting by car is 90 percent or greater.Proportionally, minorities tend to take pubic transportation more than whites. The next slide shows that this mode of travel takes significantly longer than driving alone and carpoolingAlternate commute modes remain overshadowed by commute by car across the majority of the region. Only 119 census tracts feature 15 percent or more of workers who take an alternate commute. The majority of them (86 tracts) are in Miami-Dade County; there are none in Indian River, St. Lucie, or Martin counties). Conversely, there are 166 census tracts (12.5 percent of the region’s total tracts) in which no workers commute by an alternate means. Palm Beach County has the largest number, with 67.
  • The longest commutes are experienced by residents of communities inthe westernmost side of the urban corridor and the south half of Miami-Dade County. Only sixcensus tracts in Miami-Dade enjoy average commute times of less than 15 minutes; incidentally,all six have a commute time of zero minutes and are located either immediately downtown Miamior in the western exurbs.
  • Concentration of Race, Poverty +
  • Insert Options
  • Incongruence betweenwhere we livewhere we workhow we transport ourselves in-between these spacesAnd the educational attainment of minority and low-income citizens of Southeast FloridaThe Seven50 Prosperity Plan needs to address how to bridge these silos, break down barriers to opportunity while building access
  • Seven50 May 17 Workshop

    1. 1. +Seven50SpecialWorkshopMay17, 2013James Carras
    2. 2. + Seven 50 - Sustainable CommunitiesRegional Planning Grant – Fair Housingand Equity Assessment Understand the historical, current and futurecontext for equity and opportunity in the regionand the data and evidence that demonstratesthose dynamics Engage regional leaders and stakeholders onfindings and implications of analysis Integrate knowledge developed through theRegional FHEA exercise into the Regional Planstrategy development process (e.g., prioritysetting and decision making)2
    3. 3. +Why the FHEA? ―Sustainability also means creating ‗geographies ofopportunity,‘ places that effectively connect people tojobs, quality public schools, and other amenities. Today, too many HUD-assisted families are stuck inneighborhoods of concentrated poverty andsegregation, where ones zip code predicts pooreducation, employment, and even health outcomes. These neighborhoods are not sustainable in their presentstate.—HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan, February 23, 20103
    4. 4. +EquityFair and just inclusion.Goal: To make our region a more fairand just place where all residentscan access and take advantage ofthe region‘s economic, social, andenvironmental assets4
    5. 5. +Opportunity = Prosperity• Southeast Floridademographic transformation• Pursuing strategies thatcreate more inclusion are nolonger only moralimperatives—they areeconomic ones.• Addressing incomedisparities/poverty andbusiness development arefundamental to region‘seconomic future. 5
    6. 6. +OpportunityEconomicDevelopmentHousingTransportationEducation6
    7. 7. +Barriers andAccess toOpportunityExisting Conditions7
    8. 8. +Opportunity Analyses Addresses 33 community indicators in five categories Access to opportunity, measured by our ―opportunity index‖ is relativeto the following indicators8DemographicRaceLinguisticIsolationEconomicHouseholdIncomePovertyUnemploymentNutritionalAssistanceEducationEducationalAttainmentPublic SchoolsNeighborhoodHousingOccupancyHouseholdCompositionHousingAffordability GapCost Burdon ofHouseholdsAffordableHousingAccess to aSupermarketTransportationCommutingPatternAccess to aVehicle
    9. 9. +Homeowners & Renters 1.5 million owner-occupiedhousing units prominent in suburbanareas 750,000 renter-occupied units more common in theeastern and higherdensity areas of theregion9Owner-Occupied UnitsRenter-Occupied Units
    10. 10. +Cost-Burdened Households 60% of renting households  46% of mortgage paying households10
    11. 11. +13.50%18.2%0%4%8%12%16%20%Less than$20,000$20,000 to$34,999$35,000 to$49,999$50,000 to$74,999$75,000 ormoreHouseholds paying 30% or more of their income on monthly housingcosts, 2010Seven-50 SE Florida RegionOwner-occupied housing units Renter-occupied housing unitsLow-income, renters aredisproportionately cost-burdenedthroughout the region11
    12. 12. +Concentrations ofPoverty12• Over 850,000people belowpoverty level in theregion13%14%10%12% 12%17%11%
    13. 13. +Race/Ethnicity + Segregation13Black/African American Hispanic/Latino
    14. 14. +Race/Ethnicity + Segregation14
    15. 15. +4.80%17.30%30.90%Martin County,Poverty Rate by Race andEthnicity,2010199,33653,03645,995Martin County,Population by Race/Ethnicity2010Hispanic/Latino Black/African American WhitePoverty + Race/Ethnicity15
    16. 16. +Raising children in poverty meansthat everything is morecomplicated.16• 32% of families with children under 18 with asingle head of households are below thepoverty level“Is your housing situation secure?Can you afford groceries?Do you go with the cheapest fast food?Can you get the prescription filled?”
    17. 17. +Assisted Housing + Race/ethnicity 54% of the region‘sassisted housing unitshave minority tenants 27% Black 26% Hispanic Miami-Dade - highestpercentage of minoritytenants - 91% Followed by St. LucieCounty at 81% (72% -Black)170%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Race and Ethnicity of Tenantsin Assisted Housing Units as of2008% Minority % Black % Hispanic
    18. 18. +Travel Mode180% 20% 40% 60% 80%Drive AloneCarpoolPublic TransportationIndian River County, FloridaSt. Lucie County, FloridaMartin County, FloridaPalm Beach County, FloridaBroward County, FloridaMiami-Dade County, FloridaMonroe County, Florida7-County SE Florida Region0%20%40%60%80%100%WhiteBlack or African AmericanHispanic or Latino origin (ofany race)
    19. 19. +Travel time to work1925 242742Mean travel time to work (minutes)
    20. 20. +Travel and Housing Costs According to Center for Neighborhood Technology: > 30 % of income for housing costs is cost burdened > 45 % of income for housing and transportation costs is costburdened 85% of the Miami Dade/Fort Lauderdale MSA is over 45% - thehighest in the country (average 60%)20
    21. 21. +Educational Attainment–No High School 17% of people in the region25 years of age and abovelack a high school diploma Communities where thenumber of high school non-graduates exceeds 30% Fort Pierce Belle Glade Lauderdale Lakes Hialeah Opa-locka, and the northwestof Miami-Dade County, Blue Cypress ConservationArea of Indian River County21
    22. 22. +Educational Attainment-High School22 28% of all adults 25years of age older haveearned just a highschool diploma Many of them residewithin the central thirdof the three-countyMSA and in St. Lucieand Monroe counties
    23. 23. +Educational Attainment-College Graduates23 1.19 million people inSoutheast Florida haveearned one or morecollege degrees Same percentage ofthose with just a highschool diploma Distribution is different College graduates beinglargely concentratedalong the coast and thewestern urban growthboundary
    24. 24. +Educational Attainment-FCAT Scores24 The Florida Departmentof Education ranksschools statewide by thenumber of school gradepoints they received forthe 2010-2011 schoolyear Note: this indicator wasnot incorporated into theindex because too fewcensus tracts containeddata and incorporatingwould have weakenedthe statistical rigor of theindex
    25. 25. +Sistrunk* 97% of the population is AfricanAmerican The median income one thirdless than county average 40% of families with childrenbelow poverty Low educational attainmentand low quality scores FCAT scores in surrounding tractsrank ‗C‘ and ‗D‘ 40% of adults have less than ahigh school diploma. One out of 10 units are vacant25*Census Tract 411
    26. 26. +Kendall Green* Cost-burdened andsegregated neighborhood African American‘s accountfor 90% of the population 75% of renters spend 30% ormore of their income onrelated housing costs 40% of all households haveseniors 30% of the population has lessthan a high school degree orequivalent26*Census Tract 304.01
    27. 27. +Hallandale* One quarter of residentsdon‘t speak English at home Median household income is$25,000, approximately 50%of the county‘s average 40% of ALL persons live inpoverty A third of all housing units arevacant Affordability gap for renters isover $300 a month27*Census Tract 1005.01
    28. 28. +Addressing Poverty Ratio of poor residents who subsist ontransfer payments to persons in families thatare self supporting is among the mostimportant measures of what a region‘seconomy looks like. Hard to imagine how we can better theregion‘s future without trying to prescribewhat the poverty ratio might be. We need to plan to address poverty and itsramifications on people and the regionaleconomy.28
    29. 29. +OpportunityIndices29
    30. 30. •Along the coast or the urban growthboundary of the South Florida MSA•A significant part of the region•Indicating potentially negative trendsparticularly if there is continuedeconomic uncertainty and/or naturaldisasters•Concentrated in Miami-DadeCounty, central Broward, West PalmBeach County, and the exurbanwestern end of the Treasure Coast30
    31. 31. 31
    32. 32. 32
    33. 33. 33
    34. 34. 34
    35. 35. +MovingForwardBuilding Access to Opportunity35
    36. 36. +Advancing Regional Opportunity The Seven50 Regional Plan needs to create regional: Goals Policies Strategies and Actions FHEA helps inform the Regional Plan in developing avision, framework, and roadmap that increases access toopportunity: Housing Transportation Environmental Justice Education Economic Development Public Infrastructure
    37. 37. + Need to Address in Regional Plan Strengthening low opportunity communities Stabilizing and Improving moderate opportunitycommunities Maintaining high opportunity communities andcreating greater access for all Focus on interrelationship ofhousing, transportation, economicdevelopment opportunities and education Ongoing mechanism that updates dataindicators and progress37
    38. 38. +Examples Create healthy walkable and connectedcommunities Build the Regional Resource tool kit to addressShelter, Education, Jobs, foodissues, transportation Provide inclusionary mixed-income housing nearjob centers and public transportation Urban farming/gardens and access to healthyfoods Land banking Family asset building – focus on families Early childhood education and child care
    39. 39. +Examples Harness capital resources – especially private sectorinvestments and debt Increase financial services and products for homeownershipand business development. Enhance accessible public transportation connectingresidents to jobs and education. Create workforce training that matches residents with jobopportunities. Improve educational outcomes for low-income youth and youth of color. Create double/triple bottom line funds that leverage federalresources including New Market Tax Credits and EB5 Capacity – we have over 150 government entities –municipalities, counties, CRAs. Need to provide sustainabledevelopment assistance (resources, tools) Combat NIMBYism
    40. 40. +In your discussion group… Establish a shared vision and set of aspirational valuesrelated to your sense of opportunity. Establish and recommend goals to be addressed in theRegional Plan Establish attainable strategies, so that a long-term andempowering vision is balanced with shorterterm, concrete steps to get there.
    41. 41. +OpportunityEconomicDevelopmentHousingTransportationEducation41
    42. 42. +Further information: Project Manager: James Carras FHEA Urban Revitalizations Solutions, Inc. Rebecca Walter, SergeAtherwood RAI Anna McMaster Rasheed Shotoyo FHEA and RAI Documents are available at seven50.org For further information contact James Carras Phone: 954.415.2022 Email: carras@bellsouth.net42

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