Santana, De Mattos Freire and Monte-Mor - input2012

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Sheyla Aguilar de Santana, Gerson José Freire Mattos and Roberto Monte-Mor on "The identification and characterization of postmodern cities in a globalized world: a case study of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil"

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Santana, De Mattos Freire and Monte-Mor - input2012

  1. 1. THE IDENTIFICATION ANDCHARACTERIZATION OFPOSTMODERN CITIES IN AGLOBALIZED WORLD: A CASE STUDYOF BELO HORIZONTE,MINASGERAIS, BRAZILSheyla Aguilar de SantanaGerson José Freire MattosRoberto Monte-Mor
  2. 2. GOAL This study seeks to understand the reorganization of space from the restructuring of typical urban-regional characteristics of an urban metropolitan area, the post-urban metropolis. In Belo Horizonte, we have the typical model of occupation that is: center ->periphery. The farther from the central area, the lower the financial condition of the population.
  3. 3. The approaches to the study of postmodernscities applied by EDWARD SOJA was based incities and regions out of Brazil. In it, Sojahighlights globalization as an important stage inthe process of transformation of space affectingthe temporal and spatial understanding of socialevents.
  4. 4. Four of the six speeches of Soja arepresent within the metropolitan region of BeloHorizonte as a post-metropolis are:Exopolis - the city being overrun byindustry implodes and explodes on itscentrality in the form of the surrounding urbanarea.Fractal citiesSimulacro - city show for attraction of foreigncapitalCarceral Archipelago - massive presenceof condominiun
  5. 5. You can see some significant changes thatreforce the formation of a more fragmented socialspace as a result of urbanization, exclusionand segregation history beyondthe practical urban policies to promote the city toforeign capital
  6. 6. Although the reproduction of the dynamics of theprocess of social fragmentation basedon capital, a new urban ethnic, composed of thenew reality of growing division of moneyand poverty, race andpower, immigration, ethnicity is evident in the city.Such processes are linked to increasing urbanpoverty, the appearances of new polarities andnew way of segregation and exclusion, racialtension growing explosion in crime, lack of socialservices and deteriorating infrastructure
  7. 7. South zoneCental areaPericenterIndustrial areaPeripheryPampulha
  8. 8. APA SOUTH EXPANSION Development of centralities of large areas for specialized services and industry, Horizontal condominiums - Displacement of rich people Investment policies and actions that create or intend to meet the needs of businessmen, tourists or residents - Citymarketing.
  9. 9. STRENGTHENING OF SETTLEMENT Scattered in the territory in areas of high and low income. Only six neighborhood in Belo Horizonte are more than 300 meters away from a slum area Public policies for this population. Vila Viva Program.
  10. 10. VECTOR EXPANSION FOR NORTH Investments for the placement of Belo Horizonte in the process of economic restructuring and globalization to give visibility to the investment of foreign capital. Case does not cover the integration of marginalized populations
  11. 11. OTHER URBAN DINAMICS Another remarkable factor that goes in the direction of SOJA’s discourse is the emergence of social groups throughout the territory by creating a heterogeneous mosaic. this group is not divided only from income, education, and ethnic, but other factors are also beginning to be part of the division, such as labor and gender. This speech, fractal city, can be widely realized from the map below.
  12. 12. Used as social groups to definition a foundationin Brazil: the industrial proletariat, people thatdescend of Africans, religious groups (besidesCatholics and evangelicals), foreignersand immigrants.Are positioned in placeswhere residents predominantly operates dynamicsectors of the economy - the tertiary sector,with informal jobs, areas of medium / highpoverty and average education.
  13. 13. In other areas where there is a low presenceof social groups is noticeable factors suchas rising land values or high, people whoseprofession is in public sector / militaryor scientific technical, highly educated, highincome areas of investment in public serviceand commercial establishments (foodshops, boutiques,entertainment, informationcenters) that tend to dominate the territory.
  14. 14. Belo Horizonte is marked with a space re-organization of urban socioeconomic and whichcharacterizes it as an urbanfractalized area with principles of allthe speeches of Soja,
  15. 15. Belo Horizonte is an area with evidence of post-modern discourses as: globalized space with the massive presence of social groups that take some professions before destinated for the native population of low-income arisings from the industrial areas who seek for new tecnologies informations for economic development makes it necessary skilled and specialized labor the search for condominiums by the high-income population, public policies aimed creating cities spectacles, simulacra, to attract foreign capital, the spatial diffusion of all classes of social stratification, investments for social integration.

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