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Framework for crop-livestock production systems research

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Poster prepared by Amare Haileslassie, Peter Craufurd, Michael Blummel, Ramana Reddy for the ILRI APM 2013, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013

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Framework for crop-livestock production systems research

  1. 1. April2013Framework for crop-livestock production systems researchTwo Major Steps in Crop-Livestock System ResearchI. Understanding present performance and state of the system [Figure1 (green and blue colours )]II. Exploring future trajectories of the system [Figure1 (grey colour )]Unlocking livestock development potential through science, influence and capacity developmentILRI APM, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013Key Issues to Explore Trajectories of the Future Crop-Livestock SystemsI.Understand the livelihood objectives of farmers and how this match with the present livelihood outcomes.II.Study positive or negative feedbacks of the present system-functions and trajectories to the major system drivers.III.Identify options/scenarios to modify or change the system to achieve higher level of performances.IV.Examine effects of external factors ( e.g. climate change, migration, market) on system performances and options to movethe system in the desired direction.V.Explore whether the proposed scenarios are technically, socially and economically feasible.Figure 1: A simplified framework for agricultural production system research :illustrating agricultural system components, their interactions, driving factors,livelihood outcomes, strategies and feedbacksKey Issues to Understand thePresent Performances of Crop-Livestock systemsI.Structural components of the system andtheir interactions (e.g. edaphic, biotic,abiotic) across scales and livelihooddimensions;II.Functional components of the system(e.g. input levels and types and output levelachieved over time);III.State of the system (e.g. stability, risk anduncertainty factors).Amare Haileslassie12, Peter Craufurd1, Michael Blümmel2, Ramana Reddy21 International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ( ICRISAT), 2 International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported Licence May 2013

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