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Zanzibar Declaration on Illegal Trade in Timber and other Forest Products: progress made


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This presentation by Ms Miza Khamis from the Zanzibar Department of Forestry, presents challenges related to trade in timber in Eastern Africa, early efforts to address illegality in timber trade between 2011 and 2015, and inter-regional efforts from 2015 to date. This includes an overview of the the Zanzibar Declaration, an agreed regional action to tackle illegal trade in timber and other forest products by national forest agencies of Tanzania, Kenya, Mozambique, Uganda, Madagascar.

The presentation was made at the fourth international learning event of the China-Africa Forest Governance Learning Platform, held in Pemba, Mozambique, from 23-25 October 2017.

The platform event focused on finding ways for Chinese businesses in Africa, and African businesses linked to China, to generate strong benefits for local economies in Africa while looking after forest resources for future generations.

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Zanzibar Declaration on Illegal Trade in Timber and other Forest Products: progress made

  2. 2. Outline 1. The challenges related to trade in timber in Eastern Africa 2. The early efforts to address illegality in timber trade (2011-2015) 1. Inter-regional efforts: 2015 to date 2. Remaining priority areas
  3. 3. Inter-regional/continental trade in timber TRAFFIC, USAID
  4. 4. Source: WWF/TRAFFIC
  5. 5. TRAFFIC, USAID Madagascar lost 580,460,000 USD equaling 40,050 Tons of logs (or 150,000 ha of forest) between 2009-2015 alone
  6. 6. • Moz-Tz MoU signed in 2011 • Ke-Tz MoU signed in 2013 • Moz/Tz and Ke/Tz MoU operational – action plans, funding commitments • Evidence of reduced illegal trade in Tanzania (Tz/Moz and Tz/Ke) – include set of monitoring frameworks e.g. court cases in Soutehrn Tanzania for illegal timber from Moz hotocredit:GeofreyMwanjela/WWF What has been done (2011-2015) and successes
  7. 7. • Increasing inter-regional illegal timber trade between Eastern Africa countries and beyond signals the need to re-look at bilateral and regional agreements. • Linked to the before, while it is important to support bilateral relations and agreements between Eastern Africa forest agencies, the challenge remains implementation of the same. • The increasing role of China in Eastern Africa economies continues to emphasize the need to further strengthen relations between China and Eastern countries (in particular Mozambique and Madagascar) • Addressing the challenges related to illegal timber trade requires going beyond the traditional partners, the forest agencies, to working with customs and partners such as Interpol. Challenges: Lessons from 2011- early 2015
  8. 8. Zanzibar declaration is the special agreements between the national forest agency from Eastern and southern Africa, represented by Republican of Kenya, Uganda, Madagascar, Mozambique, and United Republic of Tanzania. Born in Zanzibar from 29 June to 1 July 2015. ZANZIBAR DECLARATION “In a nutshell”
  9. 9. It broadens the forum - strong regional collaboration across EAC and SADC, It takes into account the increase of illegal trade in timber as a result of imbalance between domestic supply and demand in countries between the region, Build synergies with existing bilateral agreements, and It recognizes the need to build synergies on mechanism to curb illegal trade in timber between members states of EAC and SADC
  10. 10. Enforcement tools Information sharing The bloc agreement should be anti-illegal logging and forest product trade (not just timber) Harmonization of customs procedures , import and export regulations of each country are framed in such a way that they can respond to the ever-changing modus Capacity building and experience sharing Proposed areas of cooperation
  11. 11. 2. What has been done so far between early 2015 to date? Nov 19, 2017 / 13
  12. 12. Agreed regional action to tackle illegal trade in timber - Zanzibar Declaration of Illegal Trade in Timber and other forest products by national forest agencies of Tanzania, Kenya, Mozambique, Uganda, Madagascar •expands the focus to five countries •With endorsement by EAC and SADC council of ministers on environment •National-level action plans – developed in ZnZ in 2017 Zanzibar Declaration Photocredit:IWWF-KenyaPhotocredit:GeofreyMwanjela/WWF
  13. 13. Zanzibar Department of Forestry and Non- Renewable Resources (ZDFNR) and Tanzania Forest Service Agency (TFS) signed an MoU to collaborate to reduce illegal trade in timber and other forest products •An outcome of the 3rd East Africa Timber Trade Forum held in Zanzibar (2015) •Further position Zanzibar to engage in regional dialogue to improve forest governance •Open for new partnerships – TFS, WWF, TRAFFIC etc. Domesticating the Zanzibar Declaration Photocredit:IsaacMalugu
  14. 14. Tanzania and Mozambique forest authorities signed bilateral action plan in Maputo to • Translate legal import, export and transit documents • Hold joint trainings on forest procedures and guidelines • Learn from Tz on institutional transformation of the forest authority
  15. 15. November 19, 2017 - 17 Improved collaboration with Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Coastal East Africa Network Initiative
  16. 16. Launching of the Steering Committee under Zanzibar Declaration Chaired by Kenya Forest Service •Agreed on number of regional actions including fundraising, CITES implementation •Regional position on on repatriation issues under CITES (Costs related to court cases and storage) •Indication to initiate discussion with importing countries in Asia
  17. 17. • Further engage with SADC to operationalize Regional Forest Protocol through Forest Directors and ministers responsible for environment • Support and promote cooperation between customs agencies for information and intelligence sharing to monitor and control export and import of illegal timber • Facilitate national forest agencies to promote regional forest governance and response to illegal trade in timber – EAC/SADC, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Madagascar and Uganda Priority areas under Zanzibar Declaration?
  18. 18. • Improve CITES legislations and role of forest in international fora • Going beyond timber – e.g. sandalwood • Timber identification methodologies for evidence and tracking e.g. Isotope and DNA (tried in Kenya) • Capacity building Priority areas under Zanzibar Declaration?
  19. 19. •th Partners: KFS (Kenya), DINAF (Moz), AQUA (Moz), FSSD (Uganda), NFA (Uganda), DFNR (Tanzania), DGF(Madagascar), SADC, EAC, TFS, FBD (Tanzania), WWF and TRAFFIC
  20. 20. •bb