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Changes in China’s policy and actions on China-Africa forest products trade

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This bilingual English-Chinese presentation by Chen Yong, of the Chinese Academy of Forestry, provides an overview of status of timber trade between Africa and China, China’s response to the the changing international environment of timber trade, and China’s policy and actions towards Africa.

The presentation was made at the fourth international learning event of the China-Africa Forest Governance Learning Platform, held in Pemba, Mozambique, from 23-25 October 2017.

The platform event focused on finding ways for Chinese businesses in Africa, and African businesses linked to China, to generate strong benefits for local economies in Africa while looking after forest resources for future generations.

More details: https://www.iied.org/china-africa-forest-governance-meeting-mozambique

Published in: Environment
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Changes in China’s policy and actions on China-Africa forest products trade

  1. 1. Changes in China’s policy and actions on China-Africa forest products trade Dr. Chen Yong Center for International Forest Products Trade,SFA 2017.10.23 Pemba
  2. 2. 1 4 1. Overview of the China-Africa timber trade -中非林产品贸易现状概述 2. Changes in China’s policy on forest products trade -中国最新涉林政策进展 3. China-Africa cooperation -中非两国合作 2 3 4. Prediction of China-Africa cooperation -中非合作预测 Content 内容
  3. 3. Current status of log trade between China-African中非林产 品贸易现状——原木 Current status of timber trade in China中国林产品贸易现状 Current status of sawnwood trade between China-African中 非林产品贸易现状——锯材 Part 1 Overview of the China-Africa timber trade中非林 产品贸易现状概述
  4. 4. In 2016, the total output value of the forestry industry in China was 6.49 trillion yuan, and the trade volume of forest products was US $135.54 billion. Among them, the trade volu me of forest products between China and Africa accounts for 5% of China's for est products trade volume, and Afric a is China’s important trading partner of tropical broadleaf.2016年,中国林业产业总产值6.49万亿 元,林产品贸易额1355.4亿美元。其中, 中非的林产品贸易额占到中国林产品贸 易额总量的5%,非洲是中国热带阔叶 材进口的重要来源地。 The proportion of imports of China major forest products in 2016 2016年中国进口林产品种类 Current status of timber trade in China 中国林产品贸易现状
  5. 5. Current status of timber trade in China 中国林产品贸易现状  2016年中国进口原木4872.2万立方米,品种以针叶材为主,其中,从非洲进口375.25万 立方米,进口额15.1亿美元,只有赤道几尼亚排在进口前十(第八位,占比3%左右)的 国家之中。  2016年中国进口锯材3152.6万立方米,其中,从非洲进口54.05万立方米,进口额3.3亿 美元,非洲国家不在进口前十排名中。 In 2016, China imported 48.722 million cubic meters of logs, mainly of coniferous wood, of which 3.7525 million cubic meters were imported from Africa and amounted to US $ 1.51 billion. Only equatorial rows was ranked in China’s top ten log importing countries (the eighth, accounting for 3%) 2016 China imported 31.526 million cubic meters of sawnwood, of which 540.5 thousand cubic meters were imports from Africa and amounted to 330 million US dollars, African countries are not in China’s top ten sawnwood importing countries.
  6. 6. Current status of log trade between China- African 中非林产品贸易现状——原木 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Mozambi que The Republic of Congo Nigeria Equatoria l guinea Cameroo n 2014 61 57.3 50.7 49.7 48 2015 52.5 52.6 55.6 65.8 54.9 2016 55.6 49.3 31.5 108.3 49.6 tenthousandsm³ The top 5 African countries for logs imports 原木进口前5名非洲国家 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 thousand m3 import volume of logs 中国原木进口量(千立方米) Equatorial guinea is the major exporter to China in 2016 赤道几内亚是去年非 洲国家对中国出口的 第一大国
  7. 7. Current status of sawnwood trade between China- African 中非林产品贸易现状——锯材 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 thousandm3 import volume of sawnwood 中国锯材进口量(千立方米) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Gabon Mozambiq ue Cameroon The Republic of Congo Benin 2014 245.394 136.324 100.558 41.818 52.022 2015 345.007 28.539 124.2 50.373 32.354 2016 293.203 26.745 88.979 38.511 17.629 thousandm3 The top 5 African countries for sawnwood imports 锯材进口前五名非洲国家 A declining trend in Mozambique’s export to China 莫桑比克对中国的锯 材出口呈下降趋势 Gabon is the major exporter to China 加蓬是锯材出口的 第一大国
  8. 8. China’s response to international new environment of timber trade中国的应对 International New Environment of Timber Trade 国际贸易新环境 Part 2 Changes in China’s policy on forest products trade中国最新涉林 政策进展
  9. 9. International New Environment of Timber Trade 国际贸易新环境  Laws and regulations on Illegal logging and Associated Trade by governments (USA, EU, Australia and Japan etc.)  打击非法采伐和相关贸易的法律法规出台(以美国、欧盟、日本等国为例)  More and more countries are either limiting or banning export of log to promote sustainable forest management and utilization.  多国限制或禁止原木出口以实现森林可持续管理  Higher requirements on market access (USA raised the standard on plywood formaldehyde emission)  国际市场准入要求进一步提高(以美国提高胶合板甲醛排放标准为例)  More countries have developed Green Procurement Policies(UK, De nmark and Sweden)  多国发展政府绿色采购政策(以英国、丹麦、瑞典为例)  CITES濒危野生动植物国际贸易公约
  10. 10. Strengthen the training and awareness-raising of Chinese enterprises about legal timber trade Multilateral, bilateral and regional cooperation Research on guides and administration measures drafting China’ attitude and further actions to combat illegal logging and associated trade 中国对打击非法采伐的立场 及行动 China’s response to international new environment of timber trade 中国的应对措施
  11. 11. Content 03Content 02Content 01 加强中国企业合法性培训和意识提升 CTLVS development 中国木材合法性验证体系 研制 Cooperate with BV, SGS and other verification bodies to carry out CTLVS piloting and training on enterprises 与BV、SGS等认证机构合 作,开展木材合法性试点与培 训 CDDS tools development 尽职调查工具研发 Strengthen the training and awareness-raising of Chinese enterprises about legal timber trade China’s response to international new environment of timber trade 中国的应对措施
  12. 12. Content 05Content 04 加强中国企业合法性培训和意识提升 Initiative on Sustainable Forest Management “中国企业境外森林可持续 经营利用倡议书” China Responsible Forest Product Trade and Investment Alliance(April 2016 Shanghai) 中国负责任林产品贸易与投资 联盟(2016年在上海成立) Strengthen the training and awareness-raising of Chinese enterprises about legal timber trade China’s response to international new environment of timber trade 中国的应对措施
  13. 13. Content 03Content 02Content 01 制定指南,研制关于进口木材合法性管理的办法 2007:The Guide to Sustainable Overseas Forest Cultivation by Chinese Enterprises 发布了《中国企业境外可 持续森林培育指南》 2009:The Guide to Sustainable Overseas Forest Management and Utilization by Chinese Enterprises 发布了《中国企业境外森 林可持续经营利用指南》 2014:The Guide to Sustainable Overseas Forest Trade and Investment by Chinese Enterprises (drafting)准备发布《中国企 业境外可持续林产品贸易与 投资指南》 Research on guides and administration measures drafting China’s response to international new environment of timber trade 中国的应对措施 Content 04 The proposition on strengthening the management of imported timber legality (drafting) 关于 出台进口木材合法性管理工
  14. 14. Stakeholders cooperation 多利益方 Bilateral cooperation 双边 Regional cooperation 区域 开展多边、双边和区域性合作 Initiative of “Timber Legality Recognition Mechanism among the Asia Pacific Region ” APEC China –U.S., China –EU, China -Australia, China - Canada, China and Japan,… 中美、中欧、中澳、中 加、中日…… NGOs, enterprises, associations, research institutions 非政府组织、企业、社团、 科研机构 Multilateral, bilateral and regional cooperation China’s response to international new environment of timber trade 中国的应对措施
  15. 15. China-EU BCM Conference: the progress of FLEGT/VPA/EUTR 中欧BCM会议:FLEGT/VPA/EUTR进展 China-U.S. Bilateral Forum: the progress of Lacey Act 中美双边论坛:雷斯法案进展 China-Australia Working group: Guidelines for timber legality 中澳工作组:合法性指南编制 APEC Legality Guide and China-Australian Country Specific Guidelines 《中澳木材合法性国别指南》
  16. 16. China’s policy on forestry investment and trade 中国对非投资政策 China’s policy and actions to Africa 中国对非的政策与行动 Part 3 China-Africa cooperation 中非两国合作
  17. 17. • Mozambique • 中莫桑比克: 正在 商签合作协议 China - Africa Cooperation Forum 中非合作论坛 China - Africa Information Partnership 中非信息伙伴关系 China - Africa Development Fund 中非发展基金 MOU 签署林业合作谅 解备忘录 Forestry economic and trade cooperation 开展中非林业经贸合作 China’s policy and actions towards Africa 中国对非的政策与行动
  18. 18. China’s policy on forestry investment and trade 中国林业外贸与投资政策 Credit support policy,eg China-Africa Development Fund, China-Africa Capacity Cooperation Fund Foreign exchange support policy Insurance support policy Tax support policy 保险支持政策 信贷支持政策,如中非发展基金、 中非产能合作基金 外汇支持政策 税收支持政策 support policy 支持政策
  19. 19. From harvesting to processing, From trade to investment Part 4 Prediction of China-Africa cooperation 中非合作预测
  20. 20. China’s forestry investment to Africa 中国对非投资 China’s investment to different continents In 2016, China's foreign direct investment (net flow) was US $196.15 billion, an increase of 34.7%. In 2016, China's foreign direct investment accounted for 13.5% and 5.2% of the current year's global flow and stock, respectively. China’s net flow ranked the second of the total countries in the world, an increase of 3.6% percentage compared to the previous year 2015. China’s stock increased by 0.8%, ranked from the eighth of the previous year 2015 to the sixth.2016 年,中国对外直接投资净额(流 量)为 1961.5 亿美元 , 同比增长 34.7%。2016 年中国对外直接投资分 别占全球当年流量、存量的 13.5% 和 5.2%,流量承上年继续位列按全球国 家(地区)排名的第 2 位,占比较上 年 提升 3.6 个百分点,存量由 2015 年 的第 8 位跃至第 6 位,占比提升 0.8 个百分点。
  21. 21. Current status of China’s forestry investment to Africa 中国对非投资现状 In 2016, China invested US $ 2.4 billion to Africa, decreased by19.4 % compared to last year, accounted for 1.2 % of China’s foreign direct investment flows. South Africa, Ghana, Ethiopia, Zambia, Angola, Uganda, Cameroon, Egypt are the main invested countries. 2016年海外投资流向非洲 24 亿美元,同比下降 19.4%,占 当年对外直接投资流量的 1.2%。主要流向南非、加 纳、 埃塞俄比亚、赞比亚、 安哥拉、乌干达、喀麦隆、埃 及等国家。
  22. 22. Prediction of China-Africa cooperation 中非合作预测  Encourage enterprises’ cultivation of forest resources, to change from simply wood harvesting, processing and utilization, to promoting the sustainable use of forests, and from simple timber trade to investment  引导鼓励企业开展森林资源培育,从单纯的木材采伐加工利用,到下 一步促进森林可持续利用,从单纯的木材贸易到开展投资
  23. 23. Green Development 绿色发展 Chinese government attaches great importance to green development 中国政府重视绿色发展 Green finance policy brings opportunities for responsible Wood Products trade and Investment 绿色金融为负责任的林产 品贸易与投资提供了机遇 Consumers favor green products 消费者偏好绿色 产品 Trend of China’s forestry investment to Africa 中国对非投资趋势

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