Planning a ‘force or movement’ essay

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Planning a ‘force or movement’ essay

  1. 1. <ul><li>LEARNING INTENTIONS: I WILL KNOW…. </li></ul><ul><li>THE PURPOSE OF THE ESSAY. </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT THE ESSAY QUESTION WILL LOOK LIKE. </li></ul><ul><li>THE CHOICES I HAVE AT THE END OF THE YEAR. </li></ul><ul><li>HOW TO STRUCTURE THE ESSAY. </li></ul><ul><li>SOME TIPS TO HELP LEARN THE CONTENT OF THE ESSAY. </li></ul><ul><li>SOME OF THE MOST COMMON ‘DOH!’ MOMENTS. </li></ul>Planning a ‘Force or Movement’ essay
  2. 2. A ‘FORCE OR MOVEMENT’ ESSAY HAS TO EXPLAIN HOW A ‘BIG IDEA’ HELPED LEAD TO AN EVENT. THE EVENT IS ALWAYS THE OVERTHROW OF A GOVERNMENT. THE ESSAY WILL ALSO HAVE TO DESCRIBE HOW PEOPLE HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY THE EVENT. The Purpose of a ‘Force or Movement’ essay
  3. 3. <ul><li>THE ESSAY QUESTION AT THE END OF YEAR WILL NOT ASK YOU TO RECALL THE DETAILS OF A PARTICULAR EVENT. </li></ul><ul><li>IT WILL BE A ‘GENERIC’ QUESTION – MEANING YOU CAN ANSWER IT USING ANY TOPIC STUDIED IN CLASS. </li></ul>Typical questions for the ‘Force or Movement’ essay
  4. 4. “ DESCRIBE AND EXPLAIN HOW A FORCE OR MOVEMENT INFLUENCED A SPECIFIC GROUP OR INDIVIDUAL TO CHALLENGE THE AUTHORITY OF A GOVERNMENT , OR A RIVAL FOR POWER. DESCRIBE AND EXPLAIN THE CONSEQUENCES OF THIS CHALLENGE.” Examples of previous questions for the ‘Force or Movement’ essay. Look for similarities!
  5. 5. “ HOW DID AN HISTORICAL FORCE OR MOVEMENT INFLUENCE AN INDIVIDUAL OR GROUP TO SEEK CHANGE ? DESCRIBE AND EXPLAIN THE CONSEQUENCES OF ACTIONS TAKEN BY THE INDIVIDUAL OR GROUP TO BRING ABOUT CHANGE.” Examples of previous questions for the ‘Force or Movement’ essay. Look for similarities!
  6. 6. DESCRIBE AND EXPLAIN THE BACKGROUND AND EVENTS THAT LED TO THE END OF A GOVERNMENT’S OR A LEADER’S RULE . HOW DID AN HISTORICAL FORCE OR MOVEMENT RELATED TO THESE EVENTS HAVE AN INFLUENCE ON PEOPLE’S LIVES AT THIS TIME? Examples of previous questions for the ‘Force or Movement’ essay. Look for similarities!
  7. 7. Common features <ul><li>Each essay requires you to identify: </li></ul><ul><li>A Historical Force. </li></ul><ul><li>A group or individual motivated by the force to seek change. </li></ul><ul><li>A government that lost power. </li></ul><ul><li>A particular event. </li></ul><ul><li>The Causes and Consequences of this event. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Two of the options at the end of the year… Russian Revolution Vietnam War Historical Force Communism Nationalism Group or individual The Bolsheviks Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh. Government that lost power. The Provisional Government The French The Event The October/November Revolution. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu Causes Lack of political progress, World War One, Bolshevik organisation. French colonial rule, history of Nationalism, peasant support, Viet Minh organisation. Consequences Introduction of Communist rule, EPIC. Creation of DRV, Division of Vietnam.
  9. 9. The basic structure for all Force or Movement essays is the same: <ul><li>Event </li></ul>Causes Consequences Paragraph One about Causes Paragraph Two about Causes Paragraph Three about Causes ONE paragraph describing the event itself. Paragraph One describing consequences and how people were affected. Paragraph Two describing consequences and how people were affected. The essay is mainly about causes. Only a BRIEF summary of the event. Must include consequences Paragraph Four about Causes
  10. 10. A possible ‘Scaffold’ for a Force or Movement essay <ul><li>The structure which follows can be used to prepare notes for the in-class essay practice. You do not need to use this structure. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Introduction to the essay <ul><li>“ The November Revolution of 1917 saw the introduction of a Communist government in Russia under the leadership of Lenin’s Bolshevik Party. The causes of the revolution included resentment over the lack of political progress under Tsar Nicholas and the social and economic problems caused by Russia’s doomed involvement in World War One. Although the Tsar had abdicated in March 1917 the Bolsheviks were able to take advantage of the weakness of Kerensky’s Provisional Government and seize power by force. Once in control they applied Lenin’s version of Karl Marx’s model of Communist rule. The Bolsheviks seized private property, distributed land to the peasants and introduced a range of methods to secure communist control of Russia.” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Introduction to the essay: The Purpose of an introduction in History <ul><li>“ The November Revolution of 1917 saw the introduction of a Communist government in Russia under the leadership of Lenin’s Bolshevik Party . The causes of the revolution included resentment over the lack of political progress under Tsar Nicholas and the social and economic problems caused by Russia’s involvement in World War One. Although the Tsar had abdicated in March the Bolsheviks were able to take advantage of the weaknesses of Provisional Government and seize power by force. Once in control they applied Lenin’s version of Marx’s model of Communist rule. The Bolsheviks seized private property, distributed land to the peasants and introduced a range of methods to secure communist control of Russia.” </li></ul>The introduction should: Identify the event. Identify the group. Identify some of the causes you will write about. Identify some of the consequences. BRIEFLY offer a definition or outline of the Historical Idea.
  13. 13. Paragraph One: Lack of political reform <ul><li>The 1905 Revolution forced Tsar Nicholas to introduce reforms. The failure of these reforms to address the concerns of many Russians encouraged groups like the Bolsheviks. </li></ul>Your notes
  14. 14. Paragraph Two: Impact of World War One <ul><li>Russia’s involvement in World War One exposed the weaknesses of the nation. This had a significant impact on all social groups in Russia. </li></ul>Your notes
  15. 15. Paragraph Three: The March Revolution <ul><li>The March Revolution was a result of increasing dissatisfaction with the Tsar’s leadership and divided power between the Petrograd Soviet and the Provisional Government. </li></ul>Your notes
  16. 16. Paragraph Four: Rise of the Bolsheviks <ul><li>Lenin's return to Russia in April and uncompromising leadership placed the Bolsheviks in a strong position by October. </li></ul>Your notes
  17. 17. Paragraph Five: Revolution <ul><li>In November 1917 Trotsky and Lenin put their planning into practice and overthrew Kerensky’s Provisional Government. </li></ul>Your notes
  18. 18. Paragraph Six: Consequences <ul><li>Although the Bolsheviks had successfully stormed the Winter Palace they needed to take decisive steps to secure their position. </li></ul>Your notes
  19. 19. Paragraph Seven: Consequences <ul><li>The Bolsheviks used their position to introduce a communist state under Lenin. </li></ul>Your notes
  20. 20. Conclusion The Bolshevik party was instrumental in forming a new communist government under the leadership of Lenin in Russia in 1917. Your notes
  21. 21. How to revise the content <ul><li>The Russian Revolution is a huge topic and revising for an essay can feel overwhelming. Try this tips: </li></ul><ul><li>Turn the PowerPoint into a series of Flashcards (with the Topic sentence on one side and notes on the other). </li></ul><ul><li>Use AUDACITY to record notes. Save them as an MP3 and listen to them on your iPod/phone. </li></ul><ul><li>Write your notes out and deliver them as a speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Write questions on Post It notes and put them around your study space and house. </li></ul><ul><li>Create your own PowerPoint notes and use animation features to conceal the answer until you reveal them. </li></ul><ul><li>Work with another student to develop essay notes. Create ‘20 Questions’ to answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the resources on the Wikispace! </li></ul>

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