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GGGE 6543 Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran secara Online
Emerging Trends and Practices <ul><li>Noble and Worthy Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Bringing learning to the disenfranchised ...
Millennial Students <ul><li>Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation , Neil Howe and William Strauss – 7 descriptors:...
Digital Natives <ul><li>So if Digital Immigrant educators really want to reach Digital Natives – e.g. all their students –...
Technologies and Techniques <ul><li>How do we connect with the digital natives – the millennial students? </li></ul><ul><u...
Learning Theories   <ul><li>Applying learning theories to online teaching and learning </li></ul>
“ Personally, I’m always ready to learn, although I do not always like being taught.” -Winston Churchill
Learning Theories <ul><li>Behaviorist, Cognitivist, Constructivist </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Representations </li></ul><ul>...
Learning Theories <ul><li>Behaviorist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thorndike, Pavlov, Skinner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning...
Learning Theories <ul><li>Mental Representations </li></ul><ul><li>Paivio’s  Dual Coding Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verb...
Learning Theories <ul><li>Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Mayer extends Paivio’s theory </li></u...
Learning Theories <ul><li>Connectivism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A learning theory for the digital age” </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Just Do It Right! <ul><li>Motivate learners </li></ul><ul><li>Promote meaningful learning </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage inte...
Sampling of New Technologies <ul><li>Innovative trends and practices  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Blogs <ul><li>We B  +  LOGS  =  BLOGS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since 1997 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reverse chronological or...
Blogs <ul><li>How are blogs used in education? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty members sharing info with students </li></ul>...
Podcasts <ul><li>i POD  + broad CAST  =  PODCAST </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Born out of blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio ...
Podcasts <ul><li>Podcasts recorded outside the classroom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skype  (Voice over Internet Protocol) compu...
Vodcasts <ul><li>V ideo  O n  D emand + broad CAST  =  VODCAST </li></ul><ul><li>Video files commonly in blogs that can be...
Pod/Vodcasts <ul><li>How are Pod/Vodcasts used in education? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Wikis <ul><li>Wiki = Hawaiian term for “quick”   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g. wiki wiki buses) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O...
RSS <ul><li>Rich Site Summary / Really Simple Syndication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online XML files pointing to updates </li>...
Gaming - Simulation <ul><li>Millennial learners are veterans at digital gaming and simulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More h...
Theory References <ul><li>Athabasca University. (2004). Foundations of Educational Theory for Online Learning. In T. Ander...
Theory References <ul><li>Siemens, G. (2004). Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. Available at:  http://w...
Technology Sources <ul><li>Educause has published a free E-Book on the topic:  Educating the Net Generation  (July, 2005) ...
 
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Pengajaran Dan Pembelajaran Secara Online 6543ppt

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Pengajaran Dan Pembelajaran Secara Online 6543ppt

  1. 1. GGGE 6543 Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran secara Online
  2. 2. Emerging Trends and Practices <ul><li>Noble and Worthy Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Bringing learning to the disenfranchised </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who have not been served by traditional classroom settings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interesting (and exciting) times! </li></ul><ul><li>New tools, new techniques, new theories! </li></ul><ul><li>After centuries of sameness (since printing press) we now are confronted with a new context in higher education </li></ul>
  3. 3. Millennial Students <ul><li>Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation , Neil Howe and William Strauss – 7 descriptors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheltered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team-Oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conventional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They expect Student Centered Learning </li></ul>
  4. 4. Digital Natives <ul><li>So if Digital Immigrant educators really want to reach Digital Natives – e.g. all their students – they will have to change. It’s high time for them to stop their grousing, and as the Nike motto of the Digital Native generation says, “Just do it!” They will succeed in the long run – and their successes will come that much sooner if their administrators support them. </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the Millennial Students ? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Technologies and Techniques <ul><li>How do we connect with the digital natives – the millennial students? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time-shifting technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage interaction - engage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate individual communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize their means of communication – digital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet them where they are – on their turf </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Learning Theories <ul><li>Applying learning theories to online teaching and learning </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ Personally, I’m always ready to learn, although I do not always like being taught.” -Winston Churchill
  8. 8. Learning Theories <ul><li>Behaviorist, Cognitivist, Constructivist </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Representations </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivism </li></ul>
  9. 9. Learning Theories <ul><li>Behaviorist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thorndike, Pavlov, Skinner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning = observable behavioral changes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cognitivist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Craik, Tulving, Ausubel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning = motivation, thinking, memory, reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Construcitivst </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Piaget, Vygotsky, Bruner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning = observation, processing, interpretation </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Learning Theories <ul><li>Mental Representations </li></ul><ul><li>Paivio’s Dual Coding Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbal and nonverbal subsystems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Words/pictures enhance cognitive coding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive imagery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research supports use of images & text </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Learning Theories <ul><li>Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Mayer extends Paivio’s theory </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures = “animation” </li></ul><ul><li>Text = “narration” </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-based multimedia presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Prior knowledge influences integration of pictures and text in “working memory” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Learning Theories <ul><li>Connectivism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A learning theory for the digital age” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal knowledge is a “network” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal to network to organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know “where” to locate “up-to-date” knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Just Do It Right! <ul><li>Motivate learners </li></ul><ul><li>Promote meaningful learning </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage interaction & collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Give timely constructive feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the whole person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner and learning process at the center </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Sampling of New Technologies <ul><li>Innovative trends and practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasting and Enhanced Podcasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaming – simulations </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Blogs <ul><li>We B + LOGS = BLOGS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since 1997 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reverse chronological order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quick and easy way to publish instantly and internationally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision for responses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://iteslj.org/Techniques/Johnson-Blogs/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://grandtextauto.gatech.edu/2004/08/06/teaching-with-blogs </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Blogs <ul><li>How are blogs used in education? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty members sharing info with students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students in virtual study groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students sharing creative writing with world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online journaling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Portfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anonymous evaluations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incredible reach – last 24 hours for OLU </li></ul>
  17. 17. Podcasts <ul><li>i POD + broad CAST = PODCAST </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Born out of blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio blogging using MP3 or MP4 format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listened to online or through iTunes auto-downloaded to an iPod </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Margaret Maag – USF: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://feeds.feedburner.com/NursingEducation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Burks Oakley – University of Illinois: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://burkso2.blogspot.com </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Podcasts <ul><li>Podcasts recorded outside the classroom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skype (Voice over Internet Protocol) computer-to-computer or telephone – or via iTalk microphone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SHU Podcast </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ed-Cast An International Collaboration to Enhance Access and Knowledge via podcasts freely shared across institutions </li></ul>
  19. 19. Vodcasts <ul><li>V ideo O n D emand + broad CAST = VODCAST </li></ul><ul><li>Video files commonly in blogs that can be played on a computer or a video iPod </li></ul><ul><li>Some example sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.vodcasts.tv/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://research.uchicago.edu/highlights/science/index.shtml# </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Pod/Vodcasts <ul><li>How are Pod/Vodcasts used in education? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Those who miss class </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Review of lectures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slider-bar for review of concepts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voiced discussion boards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providing richer communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student project delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling audio/video multimedia </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Wikis <ul><li>Wiki = Hawaiian term for “quick” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g. wiki wiki buses) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online shared space for composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Normally, anyone with access can edit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.wikipedia.org/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikispaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://rayschroeder.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://rayschroeder.wikispaces.com/shu </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. RSS <ul><li>Rich Site Summary / Really Simple Syndication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online XML files pointing to updates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://people.uis.edu/rschr1/onlinelearning/blogger_rss.xml </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://newsisfree.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables instant sharing of resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs, Podcasts, Vodcasts, Wikis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://people.uis.edu/rschr1/oluinfo.htm </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Gaming - Simulation <ul><li>Millennial learners are veterans at digital gaming and simulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More hours spent with x-box than prior generations spent with books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comfortable mode of learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.merlot.org/search/ArtifactList.po?keyword=simulation </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Theory References <ul><li>Athabasca University. (2004). Foundations of Educational Theory for Online Learning. In T. Anderson, & F. Elloumi (Eds.), Theory and Practice of Online Learning. (pp. 3-31). Available at http://cde.athabascau.ca/online_book/ . </li></ul><ul><li>Mayer, R. (2001). Multimedia learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge, England: University Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Paivio, A. (1986). Mental representations: A </li></ul><ul><li>dual coding approach. Oxford, England: </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford University Press. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Theory References <ul><li>Siemens, G. (2004). Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. Available at: http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism.htm. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Technology Sources <ul><li>Educause has published a free E-Book on the topic: Educating the Net Generation (July, 2005) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.educause.edu/EducatingtheNetGeneration/5989 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online Learning Update – more than 5,000 postings since 2001 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://people.uis.edu/rschr1/onlinelearning/blogger.html </li></ul></ul>

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