What is e-learning?http://www.jisc.ac.uk/elearningJoint Information Systems Committee
What is e-learning?learning facilitated andsupported through the useof information andcommunicationstechnology.
It can cover a spectrum of activitiesfrom the use of technology to supportlearning as part of a ‘blended’approach(a combination of traditional and e-learning approaches),to learning that is delivered entirelyonline.
Wikipedia was launched on January15, 2001, by Jimmy Wales and LarrySanger. Sanger coined thename Wikipedia, which isa portmanteau of wiki (a type ofcollaborative website, fromthe Hawaiian word wiki, meaning"quick") and encyclopedia.
E-learning refers to the use ofelectronic mediaandinformation andcommunication technologies(ICT)in education.
E-learning is inclusive of, and isbroadly synonymous with• multimedia learning,• technology-enhancedlearning (TEL),• computer-based instruction (CBI),
• computer-assisted instructionorcomputer-aided instruction (CAI),• internet-based training (IBT),• web-based training (WBT),
•An extranet is a computernetwork that allowscontrolled access from theoutside, for specificbusiness or educationalpurposes.
E-learning includes numeroustypes of media that delivertext, audio,images,animation, andstreaming video;
It includes technology applicationsand processes such asaudio or video tape,satellite TV,CD-ROM, andcomputer-based learningas well aslocal intranet/extranet andweb-based learning.
E-learning can occur in or out ofthe classroom.It can beself-paced, asynchronouslearningorinstructor-led, synchronouslearning.
E-learning is suited todistance learning and flexible learning,but it can also be used in conjunctionwithface-to-face teaching,in which case the termblended learningis commonly used.
• It is commonly thought that newtechnologies make a bigdifference in education.• Many proponents of e-learningbelieve that everyone must beequipped with basic knowledgeof technology, as well as use it asa vehicle for reachingeducational goals.
Depending on whether a particularaspect,component, ordelivery methodis given emphasis, a wide array ofsimilar or overlapping terms hasbeen used.
As such, e-learning encompasses multimedia learning, technology-enhanced learning(TEL),computer-based training (CBT),computer-assisted instruction(CAI),
internet-based training (IBT),web-based training (WBT),online education,virtual education, virtual learningenvironments (VLE)
In practice, a"virtual education course"refers toany instructional course inwhich all, or at least asignificant portion, isdelivered by the Internet.
"Virtual"is used in that broader wayto describea course that not taught ina classroom face-to-face
butthrough a substitute modethat can conceptually beassociated "virtually"with classroomteaching,
which means thatpeople do not have togo to the physicalclassroom to learn.
Accordingly,virtual education refers to aform of distance learningin which course content isdelivered by variousmethods such as
oCourse managementapplicationso multimedia resources, andovideoconferencingStudents and instructorscommunicate via thesetechnologies.
The ‘e’ used to represent‘electronic’but nowadaysit merely signifiesthe use of technology.What does the ‘e’ in‘e-learning’represent?
Key advantages of E-learning• The ability to provide distancelearning (learning not on campus)• A blended learning/teachingapproach (using face-to-face andtechnology)• The use of technology to support awide range of educational activity
• Improved open access toeducation, including access tofull degree programs• Better integration for non-full-time students, particularly incontinuing education,• Improved interactions betweenstudents and instructors
• Provision of tools to enablestudents to independentlysolve problems,• Acquisition of technologicalskills through practice withtools and computers.
Key disadvantages of E-learningPotential distractions thathinder actual learning,Ease of cheating,Bias towards tech-savvystudents over non-technicalstudents,
Key disadvantages of E-learning• Teachers lack of knowledge andexperience to manage virtualteacher-student interaction,• Lack of social interactionbetween teacher and students,• Lack of direct and immediatefeedback from teachers,
Key disadvantages of E-learning• communication hinders fastexchange of question,• Danger of procrastination.
Synchronous and asynchronousE-learning may either besynchronousorasynchronous
Synchronous learningoccursin real-time,with all participantsinteracting at the sametime,
Asynchronous learning isself-paced and allows participantsto engage in the exchange ofideas or informationwithout the dependency of otherparticipants involvementat the same time.
• Synchronous learning involvesthe exchange of ideas andinformation with one or moreparticipants during the sameperiod of time.• A face-to-face discussion is anexample of synchronouscommunications.
In e-learning environments, examplesof synchronous communicationsinclude• online real-time live teacherinstruction and feedback,• Skype conversations,• chat rooms, or• virtual classrooms where everyone isonline and working collaboratively atthe same time.
Asynchronous learn may usetechnologies such as• emails,• blogs,• wikis, and• discussion boards,as well as
• web-supported textbooks,• hypertext documents,• audio and video courses, and• social networking using web 2.0.
Asynchronous learning is particularlybeneficial forstudents who have health problemsorhave child care responsibilitiesand regularly leaving the home toattend lectures is difficult.They have the opportunity tocomplete their work in a lowstress environment and withina more flexible timeframe.
In asynchronous online courses,students proceed at their own pace.If they need to listen to a lecture asecond time,orthink about a question for awhile,they may do sowithout fearing that they will holdback the rest of the class.
Through online courses,students can earn their diplomasmore quickly, orrepeat failed courseswithout the embarrassment ofbeing in a class with youngerstudents.
Students also have access to anincredible variety of enrichmentcourses in online learning, andcan participate in collegecourses, internships, sports, orworkand still graduate with their class.