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d|Bootcamp Nairobi 2014 - Why Location Matters

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Prepared and presented by Upande team for the Nairobi d|Bootcamp 2014.

Published in: Data & Analytics
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d|Bootcamp Nairobi 2014 - Why Location Matters

  1. 1. Why Location Matters d|Bootcamp | Nairobi | Agenda | 27/11/2014 www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014 Data November 28th, 2014
  2. 2. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 Profile ● Kenyan GIS, webmapping, data visualization firm ○ Founded in 2009 by former Google employee ○ 10 employees ○ GIS, Google Maps and Open Source technologists ○ Mobile application development ○ Data collection, presentation, visualization, analysis ● Clients:
  3. 3. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters What is Location? ● Location (one of the 5 geographic themes) is a specific position or point in physical space, a point or an area on the Earth's surface ● A relative location is described as a displacement from another site—for example, "1000 kilometers northeast of Nairobi". ● Absolute location, describing a position on the surface of the Earth Source: wikipedia
  4. 4. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters Maps ● A map is a symbolic depiction highlighting relationships between elements of some space, such as objects, regions, and themes (wikipedia). ● Maps can be 2D/3D, more/less accurate, various projections/scales, static/dynamic ● Traditionally only represent geography, now any ‘space’ ● Maps have been around for centuries
  5. 5. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters From Cartography to GIS to Web Mapping ● Cartographers, infrastructure designers both started getting interested in digital storage in the 1980s ● Geographical Information Systems (GIS) opened up way for storing any kind of data (census, climate, business) a. What is at this location? (across layers) b. Where is X, something specific? (across layers) c. When was this? (time series, across layers) ● Google helped fasttrack webmapping interest (2004) ● OSM and OGC based FOSS growing fast, custom tiles ● Common: Location as unifier across layers/themes
  6. 6. www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters
  7. 7. www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014 UAV/Drone services
  8. 8. www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014 UAV/Drone services
  9. 9. www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014 Developments: Map Tiles
  10. 10. Virtual Kenya: 600 free thematic layers www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014
  11. 11. WaSHGIS/MaMaSe/IWRAP Water Projects www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014 Integration of nodes based on location: ● RCMRD ● FAO/ILRI ● VirtualKenya 50 loggers in Mara being integrated (level, precipitation) Sensor alerts: SMS The Internet of Things is here!
  12. 12. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters The expression "Use a picture. It's worth a thousand words." appears in a 1911 newspaper article quoting newspaper editor Arthur Brisbane discussing journalism and publicity.[1] Source: Wikipedia
  13. 13. www.upande.com Why Location Matters (c) Upande 2014
  14. 14. www.upande.com Why Location Matters (c) Upande 2014
  15. 15. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters Cartograms A cartogram is a map in which some thematic mapping variable – such as income, population, or Gross National Product – is substituted for land area or distance. The geometry or space of the map is distorted in order to convey the information of this alternate variable.
  16. 16. www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters
  17. 17. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters Absolute Point Location Examples 1.Mandera, Kenya 2.3.934115°, 41.854955° 3.KML example (decimal degrees) <Point> <coordinates> 41.85511519846197, 3.93563591132666, </coordinates> </Point> 4. Your phone knows where you are, mobile ISPs know where you are
  18. 18. Why Location Matters Android Water Point Mapping: 8 Counties VI (c) Upande 2013 575 points
  19. 19. Android Dairy Farmer Mapping, milk collection routes VI Why Location Matters www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014
  20. 20. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters Social Media Tracking: twitter feeds
  21. 21. www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters
  22. 22. Developments: Location Based Services www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014
  23. 23. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters Location Based Services: MaraMoja
  24. 24. www.upande.com Location Based Services: Anza.co.ke (c) Upande 2014
  25. 25. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 GeoSituational Awareness
  26. 26. www.upande.com S S (c) Upande 2014 Mobile Analytics ● Real time indoor location tracking: real time heat maps and location (context) aware apps/services for indoor public venues ● Location analytics: predict future movement behaviours and activities of individuals and groups ● Group detection and group dynamics: mining of mobile sensing data for understanding individual/group activity in physical world ● Queue detection: traffic, queues at buildings, food courts, taxi stands ● Socio-physical Analytics: combined physical world movement and online usage to detect user preferences, interests and activities
  27. 27. ● Mobile operators track unique lines and can accurately triangulate location at any one time ● Linked to SMS registration, phone purchases, internet usage, they are able to build detailed profiles of users: age, interests, places visited, etc. ● Big Data analysis will show commuting behaviour, movement in day, movement inside malls, where are they spending how much time, etc. ● It will allow to plan where to build new facilities, business locations ● Using live data it will be possible to show relevant ads based on the users in the area www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014 Call Detail Recording (CDR)
  28. 28. “Location has never been more important than now, because:” ● Mobile call tracking, CCTV, Internet of Things are becoming mainstream. ● BigData is becoming mainstream, being able to digest and make sense of such volumes of data ● Context driven Location Based Services (LBS) Market worth $40 Billion by 2019 Data Driven Journalism requires context analysis which often means taking location into account www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014 Why Location Matters
  29. 29. Thank you www.upande.com (c) Upande 2014

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