The Eternal Candle
      Project
  Trinity College Dublin

       Dr. Tony Robinson
       Mr. Dragan Nikolic
      Mr. Wa...
What have these guys got in common
The fortune at the Bottom Of Pyramid?




•   “The only way to alleviate poverty is to raise the real income of the poor”
...
Developing World Challenges
 1.6 billion people lack access to electricity

 •   Lighting
      – 1 bn ? Kerosene lamps
  ...
Team
• Dr Tony Robinson
   – Principle Investigator
   – Lecturer in Thermodynamics in TCD

• Mr. Dragan Nikolic
   – Dipl...
Lighting Up the World .....   One LED at a time




                                          Lighting Africa, 2008
Average Insolation Intensity

                       5
                        5
                                  4
     ...
The Eternal Candle
•   Phase Change Material as                              Charging and/or Lighting Lighting
           ...
The Eternal Candle
The Eternal Cooker
Proposed Business Model (1)


        i.     Integrated Technology Solutions
               Manufactured/Assembled in loca...
Proposed Business Model (2)

        i.       Integrated Technology Solution
                 (Solar Cooker/Light /Heat)
 ...
“Eternal Candle” Field Trial
March 2010 Malawi – Kamphuka Trial

Cara Malawi, Hestian Innovation, ReStor Energy

Tony Robi...
Milestones
 Working Lab Prototype
 Optimized Prototype and Final Casing
 Analysis of preferred environment for field ev...
Questions


• For further information contact
  – Wayne O'Connell
  – Dr Tony Robinson
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The Eternal Candle – solar thermal

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The Eternal Candle – solar thermal

  1. 1. The Eternal Candle Project Trinity College Dublin Dr. Tony Robinson Mr. Dragan Nikolic Mr. Wayne O’Connell
  2. 2. What have these guys got in common
  3. 3. The fortune at the Bottom Of Pyramid? • “The only way to alleviate poverty is to raise the real income of the poor” • Whether one thinks of the poor as – Consumers (Prahalad, Bottom of Pyramid) – Producers (Karnani, Bottom of Pyramid, a mirage?)
  4. 4. Developing World Challenges 1.6 billion people lack access to electricity • Lighting – 1 bn ? Kerosene lamps – Costs…. • 2.4 billion people use biomass fuels for cooking – 500m Wood/Biomass fires – 1200 MT CO2 emissions per year – Costs ….. • 500m mobile phones where owners have no grid electricity – $2.8bn in unspent airtime. ReStor Energy will produce and consult in the deployment of technology to the BoP that reduce users existing energy costs to increase their economic strength Lighting Africa, 2008
  5. 5. Team • Dr Tony Robinson – Principle Investigator – Lecturer in Thermodynamics in TCD • Mr. Dragan Nikolic – Diploma in Chemical Engineering – PhD - University of Western Macedonia, 2010 • Mr. Wayne O’Connell – MSc Optics – Commercialization Specialist • Chloe Kinsella – TCD Graduate - M.Sc. Student – ESBi International – The Carbon Economy
  6. 6. Lighting Up the World ..... One LED at a time Lighting Africa, 2008
  7. 7. Average Insolation Intensity 5 5 4 125 105 45 11
  8. 8. The Eternal Candle • Phase Change Material as Charging and/or Lighting Lighting Period Period Thermal Recharge Energy Storage • Thermal energy is absorbed and stored during the day in Phase Change Material Temperature PCM Air • Thermal – Electrical conversion, boosted to power LED Solidifying Melting – Seeback effect t0 t1 t2 t3 t4 t5 Time – Eliminates need for chemical battery – No consumables in design • Zero operating cost goal – Potential for low cost design manufacture ($12, landed price )
  9. 9. The Eternal Candle
  10. 10. The Eternal Cooker
  11. 11. Proposed Business Model (1) i. Integrated Technology Solutions Manufactured/Assembled in local or international environment. ii. Devices are Sold to Carbon Credit Organization which attaches either Voluntary or Organized Credits which are sold internationally. iii. MicroFinance Organization offers loan certified against either end user individual or against amortized value of carbon credit. ???. iv. End user purchases the device (including service contract) at effective subsidized price and pays back loan.
  12. 12. Proposed Business Model (2) i. Integrated Technology Solution (Solar Cooker/Light /Heat) Manufactured/Assembled in local or international environment. ii. 1-2 year period (requiring external funding), (NGO/Gov) where data is obtained on usage in field and Certification by appropriate body. iii. Devices are Sold directly in volume to NGO / Gov Org for distribution on large scale in target area providing relief from i. Monotonous collection of materials ii. Deforestation iii. Carbon emission BUT NOT CARBON OFFSET..
  13. 13. “Eternal Candle” Field Trial March 2010 Malawi – Kamphuka Trial Cara Malawi, Hestian Innovation, ReStor Energy Tony Robinson, Wayne O’Connell, Dragon Nikolic, Conor Fox (Hestian), Christina Lynam (Cara Malawi) • Characterization of baseline needs – Intra-household and community decision-making • Evaluation of actual carbon savings – Lighting – Solar Cooking • Quality and performance • Synergisms with cell-phone charging • Feedback on Business model
  14. 14. Milestones  Working Lab Prototype  Optimized Prototype and Final Casing  Analysis of preferred environment for field evaluation and selection of partner for field trials • Manufacture of samples for field trials • Field Trial – Malawi (March 2010) • Identification Evaluation and Initial contacts with Manufacturing / Distribution partners • Technology Extension – Non Fossil Fuel Source for Night Cooking – Water Purification
  15. 15. Questions • For further information contact – Wayne O'Connell – Dr Tony Robinson

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