Vietnam Architecture

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  • Vietnam is officially known in English as the "Socialist Republic of Vietnam", sometimes abbreviated as SRV. The full name in Vietnamese is Cong HoaXa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam.
  • Vietnam is part of South East Asia, bordered by ocean on the west and south, with China to the north and Cambodia and Laos to the west. Vietnam is about the size of New Mexico (329,560 sq km), but shaped in a long, narrow "S".
  • Vietnam has a monsoon climate in the north and a hot tropical climate in the south . The hot, rainy season lasts May to September and warm, dry season is October to March.
  • Vietnam is a communist country. Religion, speech, press and other aspects of society remain under central control. Since Vietnam's "doimoi" (renovation) in 1986, Vietnam's economy and, to some extent, policies have become increasingly modernized and less restrictive.
  • Vietnam's flag is bright red with a yellow star. The red represents blood spilt during the country's fight for independence. The star represents Vietnam's unity and the points on the star represent the union of the people working together in building socialism. (Vietnam flag craft for children.)South Vietnam's flag had three red stripes on a yellow background. Originally based on a design from the last Emperor of Viet Nam (Bao Dai), the red stripes represent the blood line of three regions of Vietnam and the yellow background represents the earth or skin color. This flag is still used by many Vietnamese American organizations, first generation Vietnamese immigrants, and Vietnam Veterans, symbolizing their sacrifices and the ideal of freedom.Both flags call forth deep emotions for what they represent in Vietnam and in the Vietnamese American communities.
  • This is the architecture which includes bastion, citadel, city gate, etc. The architect of military and national defense in Vietnam contains the shapes and arrangement of square, rectangular, regular polygon, circle, star and other special figures. The material for this type is very plentiful. In the mountainous area, people use green marbles which is whittled carefully or not. In the midland, laterite is used, and in plain land, mortar is used.
  • surrounded by a wall 2 kilometers by 2 kilometers, and the walls were surrounded by a moat. The water from the moat was taken from the Huong River (Perfume River) that flows through Huế. Faces east
  • The Ngo Mon Gate is a massive structure in front of the Hue Citadel that also served as a royal viewing platform for court ceremonies. The ground level has five entrances, of which the centre one was always reserved for the monarch's use only. The two, slightly smaller, side entrances were reserved for mandarins, soldiers and horses. The two small arched entrances on the side were for the rest and commoners.It is quite similar in form to the Five-Phonix Gate at the Forbidden City in Beijing.LầuNgũPhụng (Five-Phoenix Pavilion). From the main hall, the emperor would watch troop movements and his subjects bringing homage. The pavilion's roof is decked in imperial yellow, glazed ceramic roof tiles. On the roof tiles are various animals and creatures to ward off evil. The main hall is flanked by two side pavilions, which were reserved for members of the court.
  • Purple Forbidden City in Vietnamese, a term similar to the Forbidden City in Beijing. The enclosure was reserved for the Nguyễn imperial family.Dai Cung Mon is the main gate in the main side, which is only for King to walk in. Can Chanh(destroyed) is the king’s place for working. Can Thanhis the king’s house. Khon Thai palace is the house of Hoang Qui Phi. DuyetThi Duong is the theatre. ThuongThien is cooking place for king, etc.
  • Purple Forbidden City in Vietnamese, a term similar to the Forbidden City in Beijing. The enclosure was reserved for the Nguyễn imperial family.Dai Cung Mon is the main gate in the main side, which is only for King to walk in. Can Chanh(destroyed) is the king’s place for working. Can Thanhis the king’s house. Khon Thai palace is the house of Hoang Qui Phi. DuyetThi Duong is the theatre. ThuongThien is cooking place for king, etc.
  • Palace architecture is the typical architecture of feudal dynasties of Vietnam. This type requires mobilizing and gathering the material and labor forces of the whole country or a region, which expresses the wealth and power of each period of each King. This could be said to be the biggest scale architecture among the feudal architecture types, and the heritages of them are still available up to now.
  • It is analogous to the Palace of Supreme Harmony at the Forbidden City in Beijing. It was used by the Emperor for court ceremonies and receptions. The palace is made of two separate halls. The front hall is called ante-chamber and the other is the main hall where is erected throne of the king.
  • Roof of the Thai Hoa Palace. In deference to the Chinese Emperor, the roof consists of only two stories, not three stories as in the Forbidden City.
  • This is the type of pagodas, towers, temples and tombs. In the past, Vietnamese economics is based on agriculture, and social institution is based on the villages. Being in the middle of the universe and nature, Vietnamese has been tormented by the fluctuation of society. Therefore, the most popular concept of Vietnamese is generalizing, taking the harmony to be the most important.
  • due to French translation, the English term pagoda is a more generic term referring to a place of worship All of the three pagodas are constructed with platforms on which places Buddhist statues. Besides Buddhist statue, inner pagoda also locates statues of Princess TuHoa, Lord Trinh Gian, the Holy Mother and Heaven Ruler, Earth God and Pluto.
  • Lunar New Year  Hanoians often come to worship and pray for health, luck and happiness.
  • Stelae=monuments that are fashioned by the mayan civilizationThe complex of Van Mieu – QuocTuGiam is built on the axis of North South. In front of VanMieu, there is a lake called Van Chuong Lake. In the main gate, there are four pillars with stele in two sides. Van Mieu gate was built in three steps style with three big Chinese words Van Mieu Mon (Gate of Van Mieu)
  • 2. administration centre which is taken to organize every activity of the village3. the office for officials of the village-meeting place of the local citizen. This is also the place for traditional festivals, cultural activity.
  • Vietnam Architecture

    1. 1. VietnamArchitecture
    2. 2. VietnamWeather
    3. 3. • part of South East Asia• bordered by ocean on the west and south• China to the north and Cambodia and Laosto the west.• about the size of New Mexico (329,560 sqkm), but shaped in a long, narrow "S”
    4. 4. WeatherSOUTH = hot tropical climateNORTH = monsoon climateThe hot, rainy season lasts May to September and warm, dry season is October to March.
    5. 5. • communist country• Religion, speech, press and other aspects of societyremain under central control.• "doi moi” in 1986, Vietnams economy and, to someextent, policies have become increasingly modernizedand less restrictive.POLITICS
    6. 6. Vietnam’s flag is brightred with a yellow star.RED represents blood spilt duringthe countrys fight for independenceSTAR represents Vietnams unityand the points on the star representthe union of the people workingtogether in building socialism.FLAGSouth Vietnams flag had three redstripes on a yellow background.• design from the last Emperor of Viet Nam (BaoDai)RED STRIPES represent the blood line of threeregions of VietnamYELLOW BACKGROUND represents the earth orskin color.• This flag is still used by many VietnameseAmerican organizations, first generationVietnamese immigrants, and VietnamVeterans, symbolizing their sacrifices and theideal of freedom.
    7. 7. Facts & figuresLanguages: Vietnamese (official); English (increasingly favored as asecond language); some French, Chinese, Khmer; mountain arealanguages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)Ethnicity/race: Kinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%,Khome 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nun 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999)Capital (2009 est.): Hanoi, 6.5 million (metro. area), 2.6 million (cityproper)Largest cities: Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), 7,396,446;Haiphong, 1,907,705; Da Nang, 887,069; Hué 333,715; NhaTrang, 392,279Monetary unit: Dong
    8. 8. VietnamArchitectureNationaldefenseandmilitaryarchitecturePalacearchitecture Religiousarchitecture
    9. 9. It includes bastion, citadel, city gate, etc.Shapes and arrangement• square, rectangular, regular polygon,circle, star and other special figuresMaterials:• green marbles (mountainous area)• laterite (midland)• mortar (plain land)
    10. 10. Hue Imperial City11
    11. 11. • The outer round is the citadel which is nearlysquare in shape.• The wall of citadel was made of box-brick.Citadel12
    12. 12. • Inside the citadel which is rectangularin shape.• Ngo Mon (Gate of Noon) is the maingate to the Imperial City.• Lầu Ngũ Phụng (Five-PhoenixPavilion)Imperial city13
    13. 13. • It is inside the Imperial Citywhich is theimperial enclosure.• The inner round of wall is3.1 meter high, 0.72 meterthick and it has seven gates.Purple Forbidden CityDai Cung Mon14
    14. 14. • Dai Cung Mon• Can Chanh• Can Than• Khon ThaiPurple Forbidden CityDai Cung Mon15• Duyet Thi Duong• Thuong Thien
    15. 15. • typical architecture of feudal dynasties ofVietnam• requires mobilizing and gathering thematerial and labor forces of the wholecountry or a region• biggest scale architecture among the feudalarchitecture types
    16. 16. • Palace of Supreme Harmony built in 1803 at a different location andmoved here in 1833.• Marker stones indicating where each of the nine grades of civil andmilitary bureaucrats where supposed to assemble during state functions.Thai hoa palace17
    17. 17. Thai Hoa Palace (main hall)18
    18. 18. Thai Hoa Palace (roof)19
    19. 19. • type of pagodas, towers, temples and tombs• Vietnamese economics is based on agriculture, and socialinstitution is based on the villages.• Vietnamese has been tormented by the fluctuation of society.
    20. 20. • Three-entrance gate which is a uniquearchitectural building with 2 storeysand 8 roof-layers looking like a lotuson the West Lake.• The pagoda has three pavilions..• Its roof bank is decorated withdragon pattern..Kim Lien Pagoda
    21. 21. • Taoist temple in Hanoi, Vietnam• Dedicated to Xuan Wu, one of the principal deities in Taoism.• It is also a training venue for several traditional martial art.Quán Thánh Temple
    22. 22. • Hanoi Temple of Literature is a top most abundant and diversified complex ofrelics.• Temple of Literature was to place stelae inscribed names of scholars achievingdoctoral degree and educated Vietnam’s bureaucrats, nobles, royalty and othermembers of the elite.Van Mieu – Quoc Tu giam23
    23. 23. MAP24
    24. 24. Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
    25. 25. • It is the place to worship the founderof village.• Functions:1. Religion2. Administration3. cultural-arts• Đình Bảng communal house• one of the largest and finest villagecommunal houses in Vietnam• also functions as the village meetinghall and the seat of the localgovernment office.Communal house26
    26. 26. Wooden frame structure
    27. 27. Construction System
    28. 28. • Symmetrical• Ornamented• Religious influenced• Chinese influenced• Integrated into natural settingCharacteristics
    29. 29. • Bamboo• Wood• Thatch• Stone• Brick• Tile• Terracotta• LimeBuilding materials
    30. 30. http://www.adoptvietnam.org/vietnamese/vietnamcountry.htmhttp://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/sites/kids/NGS/wpf/printplace/vietnam.htmlhttp://vietnamarchitecture.orghttp://vietnamarchitecture.org/introduction/

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