Chapter 7: The Phenomenon of Man


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Chapter 7: The Phenomenon of Man

  1. 1. T he Phenomenon of Man Chapter Seven
  2. 2. Phenomenon Phenomenon, an observable fact or event; in philosophy the definitions and uses of the term have varied. In the philosophy of Aristotle phenomena were the objects of the senses (e.g., sights and sounds), as opposed to the real objects understood by the mind. Later, phenomena were considered the observed facts and were contrasted with the theories used to explain them. Modern philosophers have used "phenomenon" to designate what is apprehended before judgment is applied. For Immanuel Kant a phenomenon was the object of experience and was the opposite of a noumenon, the thing-in-itself, to which Kant's categories did not apply.
  3. 3.  Teilhard de Chardin, says, “Man is the only significant link between the physical order and the spiritual one.  He is also a being who knows, he is also a being who knows that he knows.  He says the book is about man solely as a phenomenon, but covers the whole phenomenon of man.
  4. 4.  Here he reminds us of two things (1) that nothing exists is pre isolation, and (2) science, philosophy, and theology tend to converge the nearer they try to explain the whole man.  To Huxley, Teilhard has effected a three-fold sysnthesis namely: 1.Of the material and physical world, of the world of mind and spirit; 2.Of the past with the future 3.Of variety with unity, of many, with the one.
  5. 5. •Huxley asserts Teilhard’s two position: 1.“… that mankind is its totality is a phenomenon to be describe and analyzed like any other phenomenon, and all its manifestations, including human history and human values, are proper objects for scientific study. 2.His second, and perhaps most fundamental point is the absolute necessity of adopting an evolutionary point of view. Huxley concludes: We, mankind, contain the possibilities of the earth’s immense future, and can realise more and more of them on condition that we increase our knowledge and love. That, it seems to me, is the distillation of the Phenomenon of Man.
  6. 6. The noumenon is a posited object or event that is known (if at all) without the use of the senses.
  7. 7. The noumenon is a posited object or event that is known (if at all) without the use of the senses.