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Ozymandias

This is about the poem "Ozymandias" of class X.

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Ozymandias

  1. 1. Ozymandias Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
  2. 2. The Sonnet
  3. 3. About the PoetAbout the Poet Born:Born: August 4, 1792August 4, 1792 Famous as:Famous as: Romantic and lyric poetRomantic and lyric poet Place of birth:Place of birth: Horsham, EnglandHorsham, England DeathDeath: July 8, 1822July 8, 1822 Nationality:Nationality: EnglishEnglish Famous works:Famous works: OzymandiasOzymandias, , Ode to the WestOde to the West WindWind, , Music, When Soft Voices Die,Music, When Soft Voices Die,  TheThe CloudCloud and  and The Masque of Anarchy.The Masque of Anarchy.
  4. 4. Shelley began writing his poem in 1817,Shelley began writing his poem in 1817, soon after the announcement of thesoon after the announcement of the British museum's acquisitionBritish museum's acquisition of a large fragment of a statue ofof a large fragment of a statue of
  5. 5. Shelley wrote the poem inShelley wrote the poem in friendly competition with hisfriendly competition with his friend and fellow poet Horacefriend and fellow poet Horace Smith, who also wrote a sonnetSmith, who also wrote a sonnet on the same topic. Shelley andon the same topic. Shelley and Smith's sonnets were publishedSmith's sonnets were published in the same magazine onin the same magazine on January 11, 1818.January 11, 1818.
  6. 6. PB Shelley belonged to the creed of Romantics. William Blake, George Gordon, Lord Byron, John Keats, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth were some other Romantics.
  7. 7. Ramses IIRamses II Ramses II also known as Ramses theRamses II also known as Ramses the Great, was the third pharaoh of theGreat, was the third pharaoh of the 19th dynasty of Egypt. He is often19th dynasty of Egypt. He is often regarded as the greatest, mostregarded as the greatest, most celebrated and most powerfulcelebrated and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian empire. Hepharaoh of the Egyptian empire. He is also known as Ozymandias in theis also known as Ozymandias in the Greek sources, from aGreek sources, from a transliteration into Greek of a parttransliteration into Greek of a part of Ramses' throne name,of Ramses' throne name,
  8. 8. I met a traveller from an antique land Who said: two vast and trunkless’ legs of stone Stand in the desert. Near them, on the sand, Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown, Synopsis: The poem opens with the speaker narrating his chance meeting and conversation with a traveller from an ancient land. He told the speaker that there was a huge, old statue in t5he middle of the desert. The statue was in a very poor condition. It was without the upper body. He said that only two legs of stone were standing in the desert and the face of the statue was lying away from it, half sunk in the sand.
  9. 9. Questions- a)Where was the traveler coming from? b)What had happened to the statue? c)What does the word ‘visage’ means? Ans-a) The traveller was coming fromThe traveller was coming from an ancient land.an ancient land. Ans-b) The time had claimed the statue.The time had claimed the statue. It lay in ruins.It lay in ruins. Ans-c) The word visage means face.The word visage means face.
  10. 10. And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command, Tell that its sculptor well those passions read Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things, The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed; Synopsis- Further, the traveller tells the speaker that the sculptor of this statue knew all the qualities of the king deeply. He had done quite a good job at expressing the ruler’s personality. Actually, the sculptor seems to have mocked Ozymandias. The twitched lip of the face brings out the pride and sneer of Ozymandias. The king was power drunk, cruel and inhuman with a dictorial attitude. The traveller says that the king had died but his facial expression-one of vanity and self importance-still survived on the sculpted face.
  11. 11. a) What do ‘lifeless things’ refer to? b) How do we know that he was a good sculptor? c) How did the heart feed the passions? Ans-a)Ans-a) The expression ‘lifeless things’ refer to theThe expression ‘lifeless things’ refer to the scattered fragments of the broken statue ofscattered fragments of the broken statue of Ozymandias, especially the shattered face.Ozymandias, especially the shattered face. Ans-b)Ans-b) The sculptor was good as he had even managedThe sculptor was good as he had even managed to curve the king’s expression in the fine details onto curve the king’s expression in the fine details on the state’s face.the state’s face. Ans-c)Ans-c) The passion which were depicted on theThe passion which were depicted on the statue’s face were those of vanity and selfstatue’s face were those of vanity and self importance. These were the emotions born andimportance. These were the emotions born and bred in the king’s heart.bred in the king’s heart.
  12. 12. And on the pedestal these words appear:”My name is Ozymandias, king of kings: look upon my works, ye mighty, and despair!” Synopsis- The traveller also informs the speaker that the pedestal was engraved with an inspection, which read, ' My name is Ozymandias , king of kings’. These words show the pride and haughtiness of the king. The king boasted that his achievements and his exploits were incomparable in the world. The king was proud of them and felt that all shall despair in the face of his works.
  13. 13. QUESTIONS=>QUESTIONS=> a) What do the lines on the the pedestal suggest above Ozymandias? b) Bring out the irony of the poem. c) Give the synonym of the word ‘despair’. Ans- a)Ans- a) The lines on the pedestal suggest thatThe lines on the pedestal suggest that Ozymandias was an arrogant king.Ozymandias was an arrogant king. Ans- b) The irony of the poem is that time hasAns- b) The irony of the poem is that time has claimed the great statue and the kingdom ofclaimed the great statue and the kingdom of Ozymandias. Everything lies in ruins.Ozymandias. Everything lies in ruins. Ans- c) The synonym is ‘submit.Ans- c) The synonym is ‘submit.
  14. 14. Nothing beside remains. Rounded the decay Of That colossal wreck, boundless and bare The lone and level sands atretch far away. Synopsis- Ironicallyenough, now, noneofOzymandias’ workscanbeseenin thevicinity ofthestatue. Duetoweatheringovertime, nothingelseisleftbehindof Ozymandias’ gloryexcepttheboundlesssandspreadallaroundthebrokenstatue.
  15. 15. Short  Answer  type  Question: 1. Bring out the irony in the poem Ozymandias ? Ans : The statue that was toAns : The statue that was to perpetuate Ozymandiasperpetuate Ozymandias memory , his glory and grandeur liesmemory , his glory and grandeur lies broken into piecesbroken into pieces on the sand in the dessert. Nothingon the sand in the dessert. Nothing remained except the boundlessremained except the boundless and bare sand.and bare sand.
  16. 16. 2.   What  does  the  partially  destroyed   tstatue  of  Ozymandias  symbolise ? Ans  :    All  worldly  power ,grandeur , glory and  pride  are short lived.
  17. 17. 3. What is the  present  condition of statue  of  Ozymandias ? Ans :There  are  two  trunkless   vast  legs  of  stone . There  lay   a  half sunk  human  face  beside   them. All around  the  huge  statue   there lay in sand.
  18. 18. Long  answer  Type  Question : 1.   Explain  above  lines  with  reference  to  the  ravages  of  time  in “Ozymandias” ? Ans: Human Glory  and  greatness  are  short lived . Kings  built  statues  and  monuments  to  immortalize  their  name and  fame  .But  time  creates  havoc. With  the  passage  of  time  glory  disappears  .Ozymandias  statue  is  reduced  to  ruins  .Words  engraved  on  it  reflects  his  power  but  arrogance , human pride and  power  are  temporary .
  19. 19. Ozymandias is a powerful sonnet about theOzymandias is a powerful sonnet about the transitory nature of life and itstransitory nature of life and its pretensions of fame and fortune.pretensions of fame and fortune. Shelley chose, however, to poke holes in theShelley chose, however, to poke holes in the “great man” theory of history, questioning“great man” theory of history, questioning its validity and its rationality.its validity and its rationality.
  20. 20. The End

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