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A full-on presentation to aid the understanding of the poem

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  1. 1. P.B.Shelley (1792-1822)• English Romantic • Early in 1818, poet who Shelley left rebelled against England for English politics Italy. and conservative • On 8 July 1822, values.  less than a• He was born at month before Field Place, near his 30th Horsham in birthday, Sussex, into an Shelley aristocratic drowned in a family on august sudden storm 04 , 1792 while sailing• Shelley attendedSengar Ruchi
  2. 2. P.B.Shelley (Life Timeline)• 1792- Percy was born on 4 August 1792.• 1802- Percy was admitted into the Syon House Academy of Brent ford in 1804- Shelly went on to study at Eton College, Oxford University.• 1810- He matriculated from the University.• 1811- Shelley was expelled from Oxford. He ran off with a girl called Harriet at the age of 16.• 1811- A pamphlet called The Necessity of Atheism (non-believer in God) was written and published by Shelley.• 1811- Shelley married his first wife Harriet Westbrook in on 28 August.• 1814- On 28 July 1814, Percy deserted his wife Harriet and daughter Lanthe.• 1816- Shelleys previous wife Harriet drowned herself.• 1817- Ozymandias was written• 1818- The Shelley couple moved to Italy with Mary Shelley and later married her.• 1819- Their son Percy Florence Shelley was born in 1819.• 1822- Percy Shelley drowned in Ruchi Sengar 8 July 1822. a storm on
  3. 3. Background & Setting• Shelley viewed the opposition to Britain’s monarchical government as a form of tyranny. Believing firmly in democracy and Ruchi Sengar
  4. 4. GEORGE III• He suffered from recurrent fits of madness and after 1810, his son acted as regent.• His life and reign, were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, and places farther in Africa, the Americas and Asia• Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India.• However, many of its American colonies were soon lost in the American War of Independence.• He is most remembered as "The Mad Ruchi Sengar King" and "The King Who Lost America
  5. 5. Shelley wrote about England’s condition-• The king is “old, mad, blind, despised, and dying.”• The princes are “the dregs of their dull race,” and flow through public scorn like mud, unable to see, feel for, or know their people, clinging like leeches to their country until they “drop, blind in blood, without a blow.”• The English populace are “starved and stabbed” in untilled fields; the army is corrupted by “liberticide and prey”; the laws “tempt and slay”; religion is Christless and Godless, “a book Ruchi Sengar
  6. 6. Background & Setting• Shelley intended this sonnet as a warning that Britain would face the same fate as OZYMANDIAS if it did not change its ways.• He clearly brings out the fact that decay is the ultimate destiny and fate of Ruchi Sengar
  7. 7. Background and Setting•Written in 1817• Shelley’s poem is often said to have been inspired by the arrival in Ruchi Sengar
  8. 8. Background and Setting• It is also said that Shelley wrote this poem in competition with his friend Horace Smith, who published his sonnet a month Ruchi Sengar
  9. 9. Ramesses II• Ramses II was a 19th dynasty Pharaoh of Egypt.• He ruled for 67 years during the 13th century BC• He was responsible for Ancient Egypts Sengar Ruchi
  10. 10. Ramesses II• This wealth available in the state coffers, and, undeniably, the pharaohs personal vanity meant that Ramses, of all the ancient rulers, left what is Ruchi Sengar
  11. 11. Ramesses II• A Report in 2001--- The 3,200-year-old statue-remains lie within the pharaohs temple, the centerpiece of the vast Ramesseum, a few miles from the Valley of the Kings on the west bank of the Nile.• Only the head, torso and legs remain of the 50-ft high statue. Ruchi Sengar
  12. 12. Ramesses II• Historians say that the pedestal that the legs are on reads--- "King of Kings am I, Osymandias"• Shelley wrote--- “Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!”• It is implying that all the glory of his works are dust and have fallen away. Those who think that they are so powerful will find their works will soon be dust. It seems like he is just waiting for someone to fail so he Sengar Ruchi can
  13. 13. OZYMANDIAS I met a traveller f rom an antique landWho said: "Two vast and trunkless legs of stone Stand in the desert. Near them on the sand, Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose f rown And wrinkled lip and sneer of cold command Tell that its sculptor well those passions read Which yet survive, stamped on these lif eless things,The hand that mocked them and the heart that f ed. And on the pedestal these words appear: ` My name is Ozymandias, K of King ings: Ruchi Sengar Look on my works, ye mighty, and
  14. 14. Ozymandias—line 1I met a traveller from an antique land .. Ruchi Sengar
  15. 15. Ozymandias (lines 2-3)Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stoneStand in the desert..... Ruchi Sengar
  16. 16. Ozymandias (lines 4- 5) Near them on the sand,Half sunk, a shattered visage lies... Ruchi Sengar
  17. 17. Ozymandias (lines 5-6)..whose frown,And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command... Ruchi Sengar
  18. 18. Ozymandias (lines 6-7)...Tell that its sculptor, well those passions readWhich yet survive, stamped, on these lifeless things... Ruchi Sengar
  19. 19. Ozymandias (lines 1-7)• The poem begins with the author recalling a time when he met a traveler from an “antique” land.• Antique is a symbol for the ancient land of Egypt.• In the line,” two vast and trunkless legs of stand in the desert an enjambment is used.• Imagery is used to paint a picture of the remnants of Ramses’ II Egyptian empire.• “Two trunkless legs of stone” are the only remains of a stone statue modeled after Ramses that was once 57ft tall. Ruchi Sengar
  20. 20. Ozymandias (lines 1-7)• There is no longer a body or a torso, only two legs standing on a pedestal.• Next to the trunkless legs, half sunk into the sand and shattered, is what used to be the statue’s face.• The face is described to have a “frown and wrinkled lip and a “sneer of cold command”.• These descriptions are symbols of Ramses’ II personality. From the frown and sneer on his face, readers can conclude that he was an angry and fierce ruler.• Shelley uses an anastrophe (Figure of speech---inversion of the normal word order) in the phrase “tell that its sculptor well those passions read”.• Shelley tells readers that the sculptor was able to capture Ramses II personality and who he truly was through the statue’s facial expressions. Ruchi Sengar
  21. 21. Ozymandias (lines 1-7)• These first 7 lines are straightforward.• The sonnet tells of meeting a traveler who describes the “vast and trunkless legs” of an otherwise collapsed statue. Near the feet and legs is a shattered visage (the statue’s shattered head).• The lips tell of an authority figure – cold and sneering.• From there, a third figure enters the sonnet. First is the ‘I‘ of the sonnet, second is the ‘traveler’, and third is the sculptor – the artist who must have read “those passions” well.• Shelley’s use of the word “survive” which means “to live and remain alive” in reference to “lifeless things” is interesting.• What does Shelley mean? Ruchi Sengar
  22. 22. Ozymandias (lines 1-7)• On the one hand the statue is a lifeless thing; but, on the other, the passions of Ozymandias survive through the skill of the sculptor Ruchi Sengar
  23. 23. Ozymandias (line 8)The hand that mocked them , and the heart that fed... Ruchi Sengar
  24. 24. Ozymandias (line 8)• Since it’s the shattered visage that the traveler has been and is describing, the hand must be the artist’s, rather than Ozymandias’. REMEMBER---• The frown, the wrinkled lip and sneer refer to the shattered visage of Ozymandias.• The hand and heart refer to the sculptor.• The heart is what fed the hand – the hand that mocked and gave life to lifelessness through compassion and morality – through art.• It is because of the human heart that anything at all survived and continues to survive. Ruchi Sengar
  25. 25. Ozymandias (line 8)“The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed”• Shelley uses the word mock as a pun.• In this case, mock is meant to mean both created and ridiculed. Ruchi Sengar
  26. 26. Ozymandias (line 9)And on the pedestal these words appear: Ruchi Sengar
  27. 27. Ozymandias (lines 10-11) Ruchi Sengar
  28. 28. Ozymandias (lines 9-11)• When broken down the Greek name Ozymandias has an interesting meaning.• ‘Ozy’ means air and ‘Mandias’ means to rule.• So, Ozymandias literally means “ruler of air”.• This is ironic because there is truly nothing left of Ozymandias’ empire but air.• This name mocks Ramses II and ridicules his rule and works.• ‘King of Kings’ symbolizes how important Ramses II thought himself to be.• Through the engraving, Ramses II dared someone to challenge him and his works.• However, whoever dared to challenge him would end up defeated and hopeless. Ruchi Sengar
  29. 29. Ozymandias (lines 9-11)• There is genius in the irony here.• Ozymandias’ mighty words, rather than attesting to Ozymandias’ immortal splendor, affirm the very opposite of his intentions.• The arrogance of man is impermanent.• The creations of Ozymandias’ power and wealth have crumbled into a desolate ruin! ‘Look my works and despair!’• What survives?• Ans: Only the hand and heart of the artist. Ruchi Sengar
  30. 30. Ozymandias (lines 12-13) Nothing beside remains. Round the decay Ruchi SengarOf that colossal wreck, boundless and
  31. 31. Ozymandias (lines 12-13)• During his reign, Ramses built a worldly empire; in fact, he built more monuments and temples than any other Egyptian pharaoh.• However his empire became a “house of death” and completely collapsed and vanished.• All that is left of Ramses supposedly great empire is a decaying and shattered statue.• The engraving on the pedestal no longer applies, because his works are vanished and destroyed, he is no longer the “King of Kings”. Ruchi Sengar
  32. 32. Ozymandias (line 14)The lone and level Sengar Ruchi sands stretch far
  33. 33. Ozymandias (line14)• The last line is “the lone and level sands stretch far away”• This line really captures the irony of the sonnet.• The once large empire is now just an empty desert, with nothing more than sand for miles and miles.• Apart from the destroyed statue there is no other sign that in this desert, there was once a huge and powerful empire. Ruchi Sengar