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MODULE 3:
SOUND
Prepared by: Sir Archie A. Duran
SOUND
produced when an object vibrates
based on the movement of particles,
it is classified as a LONGITUDINAL
WAVE.
based on the requirement for
medium, it is classified as a
MECHANICAL WAVE.
When we talk or make any
sound, our vocal cords
vibrate. When there are no
vibrations felt, no sound is
produced. This means
that sounds are caused by
Vibrations of molecules are
to the to-and-fro or back-
and-forth movement of
molecules. Vibrations are
considered as a
disturbance that travels
through a medium.
This vibratory motion
causes energy to
transfer to the air and
finally to our ears
where it is interpreted
by our brain.
CAN SOUND TRAVEL IN SOLIDS
AND LIQUIDS???
Of course...
In fact, the speed of sound varies in
different medium.
TO WHICH MEDIUM WILL
SOUND WAVES MOVE
FASTER???
consider the spaces between
particles
sound travels faster in solid than
in liquid.
and in liquid than in gas.
Since solid is the best
transmitter of sound, sound
travels fastest in solids and
Sound cannot travel in a
vacuum. Remember that sound
is a mechanical wave which
needs medium in order to
propagate. If no matter exists,
there will be no sound. In the
outer space, sound waves has no
Sound waves possess
characteristics common to
all types of waves. These
are frequency, wavelength,
amplitude, speed or
velocity, period.
OTHER PROPERTIES OF
SOUND
Pitch refers to the highness or
lowness of sound.
Loudness is how soft or how
intense the sound is as perceived by
by the ear and interpreted by the
brain.
THE GUITAR...
THE HUMAN EAR
Our ear and that of
animals are the very
sensitive sound
detectors. The ear is a
part of the peripheral
auditory system. It is
divided into three major
parts: the outer ear,
the middle ear and the
DID YOU KNOW???
Humans can only sense sound within the
frequency range of about 20 Hz to about
20000 Hz.
Vibrational frequencies beyond 20 000 Hz is
called ultrasonic frequencies while below 20
Hz are known as infrasonic frequencies.
Some animals like dogs can hear
sounds as high as 50 000 Hz while
bats can detect sounds as high as 100
000 Hz.
We can see images of your
baby brother or sister when
the OB-Gyne asks your
mommy or nanay to undergo
ultrasound.
It has also been found that
ultrasonic waves can be used
as rodent and insect
exterminators. The very loud
ultrasonic sources in a building
will usually drive the rodents away
or disorient cockroaches causing
them to die from the induced
INTENSITY VS LOUDNESS
Sound intensity is measured by
various instruments like the
oscilloscope.
Loudness is a psychological
sensation that differs for different people.
The unit of intensity
level for sound is the
decibel (dB), which
was named after
Alexander Graham
Bell who invented the
telephone.
MENTAL
EXERCISE
1. Sound is produced
by the (_i_ra_i_n) of
objects.
2. What unit is used to
express sound
intensity?
hint: named after Alexander
3. Sound wave is
considered as
__________ waves
because it requires a
medium to be
4. What part of the
human body can
detect sound waves?
5. Humans can only
hear sound with a
frequency ranging
from 20 Hz to
__________ Hz.
6. Give the 3 media
from which sound
waves can travel.
7. Sound waves
travel faster in
________ than in
liquids and gases.
8. __________ refers to
the highness or
lowness of sound.
9. What do we call
sound waves that has
frequency lower than
20 Hz?
10. What technology
involves the used of
sound waves to see
the baby inside the
mother’s womb?
11. What instrument
is used to determine
sound intensity?
12. In sound waves,
as frequency
increases, pitch
__________.
13. In sound waves,
as frequency
decreases, pitch
__________.
14. True or False
Sound can travel in
solid, liquid, gas, and
vacuum.
15. What part of the
human body vibrates
that enable us to
produce sound and
communicate?
NEXT ADVENTURE:
LIGHT
WAVES

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Third Grading Module 3 Sound Waves

  • 1. MODULE 3: SOUND Prepared by: Sir Archie A. Duran
  • 2. SOUND produced when an object vibrates based on the movement of particles, it is classified as a LONGITUDINAL WAVE. based on the requirement for medium, it is classified as a MECHANICAL WAVE.
  • 3. When we talk or make any sound, our vocal cords vibrate. When there are no vibrations felt, no sound is produced. This means that sounds are caused by
  • 4. Vibrations of molecules are to the to-and-fro or back- and-forth movement of molecules. Vibrations are considered as a disturbance that travels through a medium.
  • 5. This vibratory motion causes energy to transfer to the air and finally to our ears where it is interpreted by our brain.
  • 6. CAN SOUND TRAVEL IN SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS??? Of course... In fact, the speed of sound varies in different medium.
  • 7. TO WHICH MEDIUM WILL SOUND WAVES MOVE FASTER??? consider the spaces between particles
  • 8. sound travels faster in solid than in liquid. and in liquid than in gas. Since solid is the best transmitter of sound, sound travels fastest in solids and
  • 9.
  • 10. Sound cannot travel in a vacuum. Remember that sound is a mechanical wave which needs medium in order to propagate. If no matter exists, there will be no sound. In the outer space, sound waves has no
  • 11. Sound waves possess characteristics common to all types of waves. These are frequency, wavelength, amplitude, speed or velocity, period.
  • 12. OTHER PROPERTIES OF SOUND Pitch refers to the highness or lowness of sound. Loudness is how soft or how intense the sound is as perceived by by the ear and interpreted by the brain.
  • 14. THE HUMAN EAR Our ear and that of animals are the very sensitive sound detectors. The ear is a part of the peripheral auditory system. It is divided into three major parts: the outer ear, the middle ear and the
  • 15. DID YOU KNOW??? Humans can only sense sound within the frequency range of about 20 Hz to about 20000 Hz. Vibrational frequencies beyond 20 000 Hz is called ultrasonic frequencies while below 20 Hz are known as infrasonic frequencies.
  • 16. Some animals like dogs can hear sounds as high as 50 000 Hz while bats can detect sounds as high as 100 000 Hz.
  • 17. We can see images of your baby brother or sister when the OB-Gyne asks your mommy or nanay to undergo ultrasound.
  • 18. It has also been found that ultrasonic waves can be used as rodent and insect exterminators. The very loud ultrasonic sources in a building will usually drive the rodents away or disorient cockroaches causing them to die from the induced
  • 19. INTENSITY VS LOUDNESS Sound intensity is measured by various instruments like the oscilloscope. Loudness is a psychological sensation that differs for different people.
  • 20. The unit of intensity level for sound is the decibel (dB), which was named after Alexander Graham Bell who invented the telephone.
  • 21.
  • 23. 1. Sound is produced by the (_i_ra_i_n) of objects.
  • 24. 2. What unit is used to express sound intensity? hint: named after Alexander
  • 25. 3. Sound wave is considered as __________ waves because it requires a medium to be
  • 26. 4. What part of the human body can detect sound waves?
  • 27. 5. Humans can only hear sound with a frequency ranging from 20 Hz to __________ Hz.
  • 28. 6. Give the 3 media from which sound waves can travel.
  • 29. 7. Sound waves travel faster in ________ than in liquids and gases.
  • 30. 8. __________ refers to the highness or lowness of sound.
  • 31. 9. What do we call sound waves that has frequency lower than 20 Hz?
  • 32. 10. What technology involves the used of sound waves to see the baby inside the mother’s womb?
  • 33. 11. What instrument is used to determine sound intensity?
  • 34. 12. In sound waves, as frequency increases, pitch __________.
  • 35. 13. In sound waves, as frequency decreases, pitch __________.
  • 36. 14. True or False Sound can travel in solid, liquid, gas, and vacuum.
  • 37. 15. What part of the human body vibrates that enable us to produce sound and communicate?