Overview of gerunds and infintives


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Overview of gerunds and infintives

  1. 1. Overview of Gerunds and Infinitives<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. In English, different verbs may “take” the base form, the gerund or the infinitive<br />
  4. 4. And it even gets more complicated than that.<br />
  5. 5. It’s one of the crazy, difficult things about English.<br />
  6. 6. We’re going to divide verbs into seven different groups.<br />7 ?!?<br />
  7. 7. Here we go:Group One: Some verbs always take the infinitive. Here are some examples:<br />We decided to come to the U.S.<br />
  8. 8. Group Two: These verbs can be followed by a noun or object pronoun, and then the infinitive. Here are some examples:<br />My boss asked me to work late.<br />
  9. 9. Group Three: This is a very small group of verbs that are followed by the base form of a verb.There are only three of them:<br />Her parents don’t let her stay out late.<br />
  10. 10. Group Four: This group has only one word in it! “Help” can be followed by a base form or infinitive. There is no difference in meaning.<br />My friend helped us move. <br />My friend helped us to move.<br />
  11. 11. Group Five: These verbs always take a gerund, and not an infinitive. (If you speak Spanish or French, you are used to using an infinitive, but English in this case is more complicated.) Here are some examples:<br />
  12. 12. Some examples from Group Five:They have finished repairing the road.I dislike going to the dentist.<br />
  13. 13. Note that for the verbs advise, consider and permit, we use a gerund if there is no object and an infinitive if there is one ! Most workplaces in California do not permit smoking.butMost workplaces in California do not permit you to smoke.<br />
  14. 14. Group Six: These are verbs that can take either the gerund or the infinitive, and the meaning is about the same. Here are some examples:<br />I began working on this lesson an hour ago.<br />I began to work on this lesson an hour ago.<br />
  15. 15. Group Seven: This is the trickiest group of all! These verbs can take either a gerund or an infinitive, and the meanings are different!!Here are some examples:<br />The following slides show<br /> examples of what happens with<br /> each of the <br />verbs in Group Seven.<br />
  16. 16. Phrasal verb “go on” (in Group Seven):<br />
  17. 17. “Quit” and “stop” mean the same thing, and are both in Group Seven:<br />
  18. 18. “Remember” in Group Seven:<br />
  19. 19. “Try” in Group Seven:<br />
  20. 20. For more complete lists of these verbs, see Appendices 14 through 18 on pages A-7 through A-9 in Focus on Grammar.<br />