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UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE CHIMBORAZO
BLOG OF GRAMMAR VI
ALISON VARELA
June 10th , 2014
Infinitives
To help the poor people of the world is a noble goal.
In the above sentence, which words form the infinitive? To help. An infinitive
is the base form of a verb with to. Here are some more infinitives:
To sleep
To wash
To love
An infinitive phrase is a group of words with an infinitive (it is NOT the whole
sentence). Again, looking at the above example, what is the infinitive
phrase? To help the poor people of the world.
book recommendation
Grammar Tests and Exercises (with all
the answers and explanations!)
Here's help for anyone who has something
to say or write but has difficulty doing so.
Better Grammar in 30 Minutes features
thorough coverage of key grammar skills,
clear explanations with a minimum of
grammatical terms and an abundance of
UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE CHIMBORAZO
BLOG OF GRAMMAR VI
ALISON VARELA
exercises and activities to help reinforce
new skill development. An answer key in
the back encourages readers to work at
their own pace. Click here for more
information.
Infinitives and infinitive phrases can be both subjects and objects in
sentences. Take a look at these examples:
SUBJECT
To study hard will increase your chances
of getting into college.
OBJECT Kathy wants to study with her friends.
There are some verbs that are followed only by infinitives. For example,
Hesitate
She didn’t hesitate to tell the boss that
some employees were stealing office
supplies.
Offer
The Martin Family offered to watch their
neighbor’s dog for the whole week.
Promise
The school promised to help me find an
apartment.
Want
We want to visit all of the historic sites
in Tehran.
These words are rarely followed by gerunds (nouns that look like -ing ending
verbs).
For a list of verbs that are followed by
infinitives, click here.
For a list of adjectives followed by
infinitives, click here.
For a list of verbs followed by infinitives +
UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE CHIMBORAZO
BLOG OF GRAMMAR VI
ALISON VARELA
object, click here.
For a list of verbs that are followed by
gerunds, click here.
Students are often confused about this. When should I use infinitives? When
should I use gerunds? There are some situations when BOTH an infinitive and
gerund can be used with no change in meaning. For example,
The children like to go to the
zoo.
The children like going to the
zoo.
These two sentences have the same meaning.
For some other verbs, there is a difference in meaning:
Example Meaning
GERUND
Louise
stoppedsmoking.
She doesn’t
smoke
anymore.
INFINITIVE
Louise
stopped to
smoke.
She stopped
doing an
activity
because she
wanted to
smoke.
So, now you may want to ask, “What’s the difference between infinitives and
gerunds?” That’s a good question. We are glad you asked!
Though there are always exceptions to the following, here are two suggestions
that will help you distinguish the difference between infinitives and gerunds:
http://www.myenglishteacher.net/infinitives.html

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June 10th

  • 1. UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE CHIMBORAZO BLOG OF GRAMMAR VI ALISON VARELA June 10th , 2014 Infinitives To help the poor people of the world is a noble goal. In the above sentence, which words form the infinitive? To help. An infinitive is the base form of a verb with to. Here are some more infinitives: To sleep To wash To love An infinitive phrase is a group of words with an infinitive (it is NOT the whole sentence). Again, looking at the above example, what is the infinitive phrase? To help the poor people of the world. book recommendation Grammar Tests and Exercises (with all the answers and explanations!) Here's help for anyone who has something to say or write but has difficulty doing so. Better Grammar in 30 Minutes features thorough coverage of key grammar skills, clear explanations with a minimum of grammatical terms and an abundance of
  • 2. UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE CHIMBORAZO BLOG OF GRAMMAR VI ALISON VARELA exercises and activities to help reinforce new skill development. An answer key in the back encourages readers to work at their own pace. Click here for more information. Infinitives and infinitive phrases can be both subjects and objects in sentences. Take a look at these examples: SUBJECT To study hard will increase your chances of getting into college. OBJECT Kathy wants to study with her friends. There are some verbs that are followed only by infinitives. For example, Hesitate She didn’t hesitate to tell the boss that some employees were stealing office supplies. Offer The Martin Family offered to watch their neighbor’s dog for the whole week. Promise The school promised to help me find an apartment. Want We want to visit all of the historic sites in Tehran. These words are rarely followed by gerunds (nouns that look like -ing ending verbs). For a list of verbs that are followed by infinitives, click here. For a list of adjectives followed by infinitives, click here. For a list of verbs followed by infinitives +
  • 3. UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE CHIMBORAZO BLOG OF GRAMMAR VI ALISON VARELA object, click here. For a list of verbs that are followed by gerunds, click here. Students are often confused about this. When should I use infinitives? When should I use gerunds? There are some situations when BOTH an infinitive and gerund can be used with no change in meaning. For example, The children like to go to the zoo. The children like going to the zoo. These two sentences have the same meaning. For some other verbs, there is a difference in meaning: Example Meaning GERUND Louise stoppedsmoking. She doesn’t smoke anymore. INFINITIVE Louise stopped to smoke. She stopped doing an activity because she wanted to smoke. So, now you may want to ask, “What’s the difference between infinitives and gerunds?” That’s a good question. We are glad you asked! Though there are always exceptions to the following, here are two suggestions that will help you distinguish the difference between infinitives and gerunds: http://www.myenglishteacher.net/infinitives.html