Dialogue Slides


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These are slides that detail the Dialogue Circle Method, a version of Dialogue created by Angelo John Lewis and colleagues at Princeton University during the late '90s.

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Dialogue Slides

  1. 1. Dynamics of Dialogue A Workshop on the Use of Dialogue In Multicultural Discourse
  2. 2. Definitions <ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Greek dialogos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dia means “through” or “with each other” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Logos means “the word” or “the meaning” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ meaning flowing through ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Latin discutere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ to smash together ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Debate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Latin de + battere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ to beat down ” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Why Dialogue? <ul><li>Allows “meaning to flow through” </li></ul><ul><li>Permits depth based on the groups readiness </li></ul><ul><li>Works (best) as an adjunct to other methods </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes more group centered over time </li></ul><ul><li>Gives means to explore complex and conflicted issues </li></ul><ul><li>Puts a pause on the need to find the answer </li></ul><ul><li>Creates (safe) and sacred space </li></ul><ul><li>Can be one-time or ongoing process </li></ul><ul><li>Fosters reflection in the organization </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dialogue and Discussion <ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everybody wins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeks a rich grasp of complex issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complex issues explored </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Percussion </li></ul><ul><li>Concussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal is to win </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeks agreement and/or victory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decisions made </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Sample Issues Explored through Dialogue <ul><li>History of an organization </li></ul><ul><li>Roles and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Procedural dilemmas in the work place </li></ul><ul><li>Vision for the organization’s future </li></ul><ul><li>Candidacy for community elections </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptions of the “other” in organizations and diversity training </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational restructuring (and feelings about restructuring) </li></ul><ul><li>White privilege within white groups </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Oppressor Within” among diversity trainers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dialogue: Sample of Adjunct Uses <ul><li>Strategic Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Future Search </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Needs Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Team Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Community Building </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Debate </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership Training </li></ul><ul><li>University Class Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Role Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Prejudice Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Racial Reconciliation </li></ul><ul><li>Faith Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity Training </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciative Inquiry </li></ul>
  7. 7. Evolution of Dialogue Invitation Conversation (to turn together) Deliberation (to weigh out) Instability of the Container Initiatory Crises (no decisions, purpose, leader, agenda) Instability in the Container Crisis of Suspension Inquiry in the Container Crisis of Collective Pain Creativity in the Container Discussion (to shake apart) Suspension (to hang in front) Dialogue (the flow of meaning) Dialectic (the flow of speech; logical analysis) Metalogue (meaning moving with, among) Debate (to beat down) Adapted from William N. Issacs in Organizational Dynamics , 1993
  8. 8. Varieties of Dialogue <ul><li>More structure </li></ul><ul><li>Content oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on themes </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on content, e.g. study circles </li></ul>Content Process <ul><li>Less structure </li></ul><ul><li>Less reliance on themes </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on process, e.g. Bohmian dialogue </li></ul>Study Circles Dialogue Circles a.k.a. Diversity Circles Bohmian Dialogue
  9. 9. Right Listening <ul><li>Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listener </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listener critiques self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker critiques listener </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observer critiques listener </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What did you like? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What would you change? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker shares a brief story (mid-intensity) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listener attends to the story and reports what s/he heard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observer attends to the speaker’s story and the listener’s report focusing on the quality of the listener’s work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Switch roles and repeat </li></ul></ul>The Exercise
  10. 10. Guidelines for Dialogue <ul><li>Speak from experience </li></ul><ul><li>Listen as colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>Suspend assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>Respect the speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Defer the need for clarification </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the learning </li></ul>
  11. 11. Valence Theory Identity Internal Representations Defense Structure Personal History Character Structure Trauma Environment Psychotherapy Family Dominant Culture Time Self Gender Genetic predisposition Ethnic/cultural background Age/developmental task Family context Race Spiritual practice Socioeconomic status Societal Influence Sexual orientation Ability/ Disability
  12. 12. From Chaos to Community: An Intercultural Communication Process CHAOS Multicultural COMMUNITY Intercultural Conflict Intercultural Dialogue Multicultural Moments Multicultural Dialogue “ not me” “ me” Our struggle Our oppression Our history Our heritage Cultural denigration Cultural chauvinism Cultural relativism Cultural centrality E M P T I N E S S boundary rigidity stereotypes empathy experience education shared (superordinate) task tolerance adaptation boundary permeability