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The Role of Science Academies in Promoting Open Science/Masresha Fetene Workneh

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Presentation during the 14th Association of African Universities (AAU) Conference and African Open Science Platform (AOSP)/Research Data Alliance (RDA) Workshop in Accra, Ghana, 7-8 June 2017.

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The Role of Science Academies in Promoting Open Science/Masresha Fetene Workneh

  1. 1. 1 The Role of Science Academies in Promoting Open Science Masresha Fetene Executive Director, Ethiopian Academy of Sciences June 7, 2017, Accra
  2. 2. Primarily Science Academies promote a culture of science • Academies play leadership roles in fostering, supporting, and promoting scientific culture • Scientific culture is a set of norms and practices and an ethos of openness, honesty and continuous reflection • Nurturing and reinforcing a scientific culture - a critical task for promoting better research: links us to Open Science. •
  3. 3. In what way can science academies enhance open science? – • Open science making scientific research, data, methodology and findings accessible to all: scientists, educators, business sector, and society at large Three strategies for science academies: 1 Awareness creation and education on Open Science 2 Networking and supporting ETD sharing 3 Enhancing Open Access through active leadership
  4. 4. 1 Awareness creation and education on Open Science In our Academy seminars on open science there is considerable skepticism on sharing: Research idea, Methodology, Data, but not Publication
  5. 5. Publish report Develop idea Design study Acquire materials Collect data Store data Analyze Data Interpret findings Write report SCIENCE!
  6. 6. Awareness creation and education…… Breaking skepticism- continuous engagement with the science community Awareness creation on the bigger picture Motivating individuals with successful examples (human genome project, the polymaths challenge) Dialogue, educating scientists about appropriate open science software tools (infrastructure).
  7. 7. Frequent challenges indicated at meetings • Poor State of ICT - limited computer literacy; • High cost of internet access limiting access; low bandwidth • Misconception resulting from lack of awareness • Incentives for idea and data sharing
  8. 8. Open Access • Nowadays, it is widely recognized that making research results more accessible contributes to better and more efficient science, and to innovation in the public and private sectors • Discussions at Academy meetings with university leaders and academics indicate agreement on Open Access
  9. 9. Consensus on Open Access • Published information is public good and so should be accessible. • OA is good for scholarship, good for business, good for development and good for the people • Scholarship should be used, re-used and be re- usable. • National platform for OA through IRs and OA Journals with government support is very critical.
  10. 10. Science Academies… • Science Academies, as government advisory bodies, have a significant role to play in promoting OA • The Ethiopian Academy of Sciences has been working to promote OA on two fronts: Electronic Theses & Dissertations Open Access Open Access journals
  11. 11. 2 Networking and supporting ETD sharing • Theses and dissertations are among the works in African university libraries that are least disseminated locally and internationally. • With the advent of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), there is now a huge opportunity to preserve and disseminate theses and dissertations in electronic form. • One major area of engagement of African Academies is enhancing T&D sharing and dissemination
  12. 12. DATAD embracing all universities • The DATAD is an initiative of the AAU and sponsored by Carnegie • The goals of DATAD are to allow African universities to collect, manage, and disseminate T&Ds electronically and provide visibility within and outside the continent • But few universities – in Ethiopia one out of the 36 universities are in the network • EAS actively engaged in creating a platform for ETD of Ethiopian universities
  13. 13. EAS working on general agreement on ETDs at Ethiopian universities • University Presidents and VPs in general agree there should be mandatory submission of ETDs, some have developed policies. • Ministry of Education to provide funds for digitization of old T&Ds and digitization skills • Working co-operation across Ethiopian universities on ETDs management yet to be developed. • There is promising progress
  14. 14. 3 Enhancing Open Access through active leadership Strategy • Evaluate. standardize and accredit journals • Create a support system for journals • Assist in getting the journals in major OA platforms and repositories • Create a SciELO -Eastern Africa Platform
  15. 15. EAS work in promoting open access of Ethiopian journals Before you start to work on Open access of journals, you need to have good journals: • Egypt – 351 • South Africa – 56 • Nigeria – 26 • Tunisia – 10 • Kenya – 6 • Morocco - 6 • Ethiopia – 5 • Uganda – 4 • Tanzania – 3 • Algeria – 2 • Ghana - 2 • Libya – 2 • Burundi – 1 • Cote d’Ivoire – 1 • Madagascar – 1 • Sierra Leone – 1 • Zambia – 1
  16. 16. Ethiopian Journals
  17. 17. 17 Scholarly journals in Ethiopia  67 peer-reviewed Ethiopia-based journals  7 journal names under preparation for launch  7 predatory online journals that displayed unverifiable addresses related to Assosa, Bahir Dar and Haramaya universities
  18. 18. Academy project National Journal Evaluation and Accreditation: A Strategy for Standardizing the Rating of Scholarly Performance in Ethiopia
  19. 19. Flow chart of the accreditation process
  20. 20. The EAS will assist in getting: Accredited journals in major indexing and online platforms and repositories EAS has started initial discussion with sister science academies to facilitate the creation of a SciELO -Eastern Africa To conclude: Science Academies will promote open science by benchmarking and emulating ASSAf
  21. 21. Thank you for your attention

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