English in north america


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English in north america

  1. 1. The English in North America<br />By: Tommy Marinelli<br />Professor Arguello<br />History 140<br />
  2. 2. American Colonies 6: Virginia<br />English leaders had successfully colonized Ireland, and were extending their colonial conquers across the Atlantic.<br />The region of Virginia was discovered, and named after Queen Elizabeth I, in honor of her virginity.<br />From 1580 to 1620, the entire Mid-Atlantic coast from Florida to Acadia was named “Virginia”<br />Tobacco was discovered to be a profitable crop in 1616. Colonists began to form tobacco plantations.<br />
  3. 3. American Colonies 6: Virginia<br />Emigrants that paid their own passage were allotted 50 acres of tobacco plantation each.<br />Promoters of the colonies were known as “West Country Men”<br />The promoters planned to send peasants of England to work overseas.<br />These peasants would help to reestablish England’s quickly declining economic status.<br />The wealth and power of England sat with the monarch, aristocrat, and gentry.<br />
  4. 4. American Colonies 6: Virginia<br />Chief Powhatan was the ruler of the Algonquian tribes in the 1600s.<br />He was known for hosting massive celebrations on a regular basis to maintain a sense of unity within the tribes.<br />He organized annual hunts to keep the tribes peaceful and eliminate inner-tribal competition.<br />Powhatan did not interfere with conquered tribes; which had their own chiefs.<br />
  5. 5. American Colonies 6: Virginia<br />In the Algonquian tribes, women were the agricultural laborers and did much of the labor intensive work.<br />The English had very different gender roles assigned within their communities.<br />The English thought themselves to be racially and culturally superior to the Indians. <br />The felt the Indians were not as intelligent.<br />
  6. 6. American Colonies 12: Middle Colonies<br />In the early 17th century, the mid-Atlantic coast had extremely fertile grounds, ideal for farming and cultivating crops.<br />King Charles II was hoping to expand England’s power into America, and expand his empire.<br />The Dutch were England’s greatest competitors and biggest threat.<br />Eventually, the proprietary colonies were converted into royal colonies.<br />
  7. 7. American Colonies 12: Middle Colonies<br />In the Dutch Empire, Amsterdam was the center of everything<br />Shipping, banking, insurance, printing, textile manufacturing, and so on.<br />The Dutch had the greatest wealth, and threatened England economically.<br />The Dutch also had the highest standard of living.<br />The Dutch colonies that were settled along the Hudson river were targeted by the French and the English.<br />
  8. 8. American Colonies 12: Middle Colonies<br />The Navigation Acts had three major principles.<br />Only the English ships could trade with the English Colonies.<br />European goods shipped to the colonies had to be shipped through England.<br />All of the commodities produced in the colonies had to be shipped back to England, and no one else.<br />The enforcement of these acts lead to a great expansion of England’s overseas commerce. <br />
  9. 9. American Colonies 12: Middle Colonies<br />After conquering New Netherland, the English finally took over the Dutch alliance.<br />The English also took over the trade with the Iroquois Five Nations.<br />The covenant chain was formed by the English and the Iroquois tribes in order to conquer the Algonquian tribes and defend the frontier against the French.<br />The Iroquois were eventually taken over by the French soldiers and Canadian militia.<br />The covenant wasn’t honored by the New Yorkers.<br />