IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,                    MOST                   COMPASSIONATE,                                            ...
CONTINUATION FROM PART           1
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
“Alif Lam Mim. The Roman Empire has been defeated―                           In a land close by; but they, (even) after (t...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
“Perish the hands of Abu Lahab (the Father of Flame)!                         Perish he! No profit to him from all his wea...
NOTE:        NOTE        Even after this verse, Abu Lahab continued to live for         another 10 years but finally died...
#7           THE CRITERIA                        SCIENTIFIC                        RESEARCH VALIDATES                     ...
Our understanding of empirical science and              human discovery in nature is that of the inevitable              o...
       Yet, science being relative and therefore cannot              claim to have absolute certainty, is therefore      ...
        But, in the case of the Qur’an, what we can              show is that, as man discover new things in             ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
“In time We shall make them fully understand Our messages                      [through what they perceive] in the utmost ...
    “The Bible, the Qur’an and Modern Science” by                Dr. Maurice Bucaille                “The Developing Hum...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
notice the preformed      shape of a foetus        Seventeenth century drawing by Hartsoeker                   of a sperm ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
“We (Allah) created man from a quintessence (gentle                       extraction) of clay; We then placed him as a dro...
“When forty-two nights have passed over the Nutfah                       (i.e. the zygote) Allah sends an angel to it, who...
“It appears that Human knowledge had, at            one time contradicted some of the facts            brought by Islam on...
#8           THE CRITERIA                        MUST REMAIN                        PRESERVED AND NOT                     ...
“We (Allah) have, without doubt, send down the                               Message (Al-Qur’an) And We will assuredly    ...
Prophetic                                     Revelation                                                       to Prophet ...
Battle of Yamamah      1st Mushaf                                                   * original materials                  ...
Expansion of Islam                 Mushaf                            •   Uthman’s recension -                 Uthmani     ...
IN MASJID IMAM HUSSAYN – CAIRO, EGYPTAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
TASHKENT, UZBEKISTAN.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
PRESERVED MUSHAF OF KHALIFA ‘UTHMAN IBN ‘AFFAN                                    TOPKAPI MUSEUM                          ...
TOPKAPI MUSEUM, ISTANBUL, TURKEY.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
Diacritical                            (Science) Ilmu-                                                        Qira’atil Qu...
Compare with verses in    the present Mushaf TextAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
Compare with verses in    the present Mushaf TextAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
MUSHAF                          From Mushaf                                                   Uthmani, text               ...
Hafash                                        ‘Asim ibn Abin Nujud          Abi Abdur Rahman Abd ibn Habib as-Sulaimi     ...
MUSHAF                            Commissioned by                                                   Saudi King, text      ...
#9           THE CRITERIA                         If God sends a Book to us, it must be to                         inform ...
     If you ask any person, on their own, to list down possible          names and adjectives to describe God in His subl...
     Yet, in the Qur’an, the names of God are so numerously          referred to, and Islamic scholars have counted them ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
“(Allah) God is He save whom there is no deity: the One                    who knows all (‘Aalim) that is beyond the reach...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
“(Allah) God is He save whom there is no deity: the                  Sovereign Supreme (al-Malik), the Holy (al-Quddus), t...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
“He is God (Allah), the Creator (al-Khaliq), the                          Evolver (al-Baa-ri-u) , Bestower of all forms or...
“Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests,                       since He has power to will anything: He wh...
# 10           THE CRITERIA                        UNIVERSAL APPEAL                        AND APPLICATION …              ...
      If God intends a Book to be for guidance of all mankind,              then its relevance must continue to exist sin...
      To be sure, by this, we do not therefore deny previous              revelations to Prophets of the past e.g. Abraha...
Any attempt to re-discover and re-compile these earlier              revelations in any endeavour to restore it to their o...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
“Do they not know, then, that God (Allah) is aware of all that                    they would conceal as well as all that t...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
“Woe unto those who write down, with their own hands,                         [something which they claim to be] divine wr...
      Thus, many so called extant copies of ancient religious              scriptures are in the language other than the ...
What the Qur’an asserted 1400 year ago,                             now confirmed by their own Biblical scholars          ...
THE CRITERIA                                         THE                                     CONCLUSION                   ...
      claims to be from God;             And which could not be produced by any              who tries;             And...
      And has contributed to the well-being of              mankind at all levels;             And can be shown that som...
      And the whole book still remains in its              original text (language);             And speaks of God and H...
WHAT MUST BE                      YOUR VERDICT OR                                 CONCLUSION?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkefl...
MOST CERTAINLY, IT                                     MUST BE FROM      WHY ... ?                                      GO...
TO BE CONTINUEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
All welcome to visit my web-blog:           http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/           http://introductiontotauhid.blogspo...
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[Slideshare] fardh'ain(2012)-lesson#3-criteria-al qur'an(23-march-2012)part2

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[Slideshare] fardh'ain(2012)-lesson#3-criteria-al qur'an(23-march-2012)part2

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON MOST MERCIFUL ISLAM” EED - Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults H TAU ALAH conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail A a RIS N # 3 LE SSO t 2) r (Pa Every Friday night IT CAN ALSO BE A @ 8pm – 10pm REFRESHER COURSE Wisma Indah, 450 FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, “CRITERIA” Changi Road, EDUCATORS, IN #02-00 next to CONTEMPORARY Al-Qur’an: Proof of Masjid Kassim SINGAPORE. Muhammad’s Prophethood. OPEN TO ALL Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED MARCH 2012All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 1
  2. 2. CONTINUATION FROM PART 1
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  4. 4. “Alif Lam Mim. The Roman Empire has been defeated― In a land close by; but they, (even) after (this) defeat of theirs, will soon be victorious. Within a few years. With Allah is the Decision, in the Past and in the Future: on that Day shall the Believers rejoice―” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 1-4)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  6. 6. “Perish the hands of Abu Lahab (the Father of Flame)! Perish he! No profit to him from all his wealth, and all his gains! Burnt soon will he be in a Fire of blazing Flame! His wife shall carry the (crackling) wood ―as fuel!― A twisted rope of palm-leaf fibre round her (own) neck!” (Qur’an: al-Masad: 111: 1-5)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  7. 7. NOTE: NOTE  Even after this verse, Abu Lahab continued to live for another 10 years but finally died as an unbeliever, true to the prophecy.  The opportunity for him to contradict this prophecy was available during these years – even by him pretending to accept Islam – yet the enemies of Islam in Makkah had never realised this.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  8. 8. #7 THE CRITERIA SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH VALIDATES DATA IN THE BOOK Any scientific fact mentioned in the Book should be able to stand the test of time and scientific research. 8All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  9. 9. Our understanding of empirical science and human discovery in nature is that of the inevitable outcome of man’s reflection of God’s signs (aayat) In the universe, and would not lead to any definitive contradiction in terms of scientific facts.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  10. 10.  Yet, science being relative and therefore cannot claim to have absolute certainty, is therefore inadequate to be used as definitive criteria.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  11. 11.  But, in the case of the Qur’an, what we can show is that, as man discover new things in nature, it would not make the statements in the Qur’an redundant, but rather only enhances mankind’s understanding of them.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  13. 13. “In time We shall make them fully understand Our messages [through what they perceive] in the utmost horizons [of the universe] and within themselves, so that it will become clear unto them that this [revelation] is indeed the truth. [Still] is it not enough [for them to know] that thy Sustainer is witness unto everything?” (Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 53)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  14. 14.  “The Bible, the Qur’an and Modern Science” by Dr. Maurice Bucaille  “The Developing Human” by Dr. Keith L Moore (with Islamic additions)  “The Basis for a Muslim Belief” by Gary MillerAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  16. 16. notice the preformed shape of a foetus Seventeenth century drawing by Hartsoeker of a sperm (circa 1600) 16All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  18. 18. “We (Allah) created man from a quintessence (gentle extraction) of clay; We then placed him as a drop (nutfah) in a place of rest firmly fixed; then We made the drop into an “alaqah” (leech-like); and then We change the “alaqah” into “mudghah” (chewed-like substance); then We made out of that “mudghah” bones (‘izam); then We clothed the bones with flesh (‘lahm); then We developed out of it another creation. So blessed be Allah, the best to create.” (Qur’an : al- Mu’minun : 23:12-14)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  19. 19. “When forty-two nights have passed over the Nutfah (i.e. the zygote) Allah sends an angel to it, who shapes it and make its ears, skin, flesh and bones. Then the angel says ‘O Lord ! Is it male or female ?’ And your Lord decide what He wishes and then the angel records it.” (Hadith reported by Muslim in Kitab al-Qadr)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  20. 20. “It appears that Human knowledge had, at one time contradicted some of the facts brought by Islam on some aspects of reproduction. It is also realised that as man discovers new facts, he finds himself repeating what had already been stated by the Qur’an and the Hadith.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  21. 21. #8 THE CRITERIA MUST REMAIN PRESERVED AND NOT BEEN TAMPERED WITH A claim of a Book from God must be on the basis of its original writing. Not something which has been doctored with or edited, with the intention of giving it credibility, based on newly discovered knowledge. 21All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  22. 22. “We (Allah) have, without doubt, send down the Message (Al-Qur’an) And We will assuredly guard it (from corruption)” (Qur’an: Surah al- Hijr: 15: 9)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  23. 23. Prophetic Revelation to Prophet Era Muhammad * memorised * Dictated 13 BH – 10 AH * Recorded * Collated * Counter- checkedAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  24. 24. Battle of Yamamah 1st Mushaf * original materials which have been recorded by the Prophet’s scribe 12 AH were sorted out, checked and bound into a single Book.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  25. 25. Expansion of Islam Mushaf • Uthman’s recension - Uthmani 7 official copies made from the 1st Mushaf – these sent to all Islamic centres 30 AH accompanied by a Reciter (muqri’) • (extant copies of these are available even to this day)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  26. 26. IN MASJID IMAM HUSSAYN – CAIRO, EGYPTAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  27. 27. TASHKENT, UZBEKISTAN.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  28. 28. PRESERVED MUSHAF OF KHALIFA ‘UTHMAN IBN ‘AFFAN TOPKAPI MUSEUM ISTANBUL, TURKEYAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  29. 29. TOPKAPI MUSEUM, ISTANBUL, TURKEY.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  31. 31. Diacritical (Science) Ilmu- Qira’atil Qur’an marking * inclusion of markings to the script conforming 65 AH with Prophet’s recitation, and to facilitate non-Arab learning recitationAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  32. 32. Compare with verses in the present Mushaf TextAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  33. 33. Compare with verses in the present Mushaf TextAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  34. 34. MUSHAF From Mushaf Uthmani, text FUAD compiled at AL- AZHAR with one of the original 1342 AH manner of Recitation which has been preserved - from HAFASH.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  35. 35. Hafash ‘Asim ibn Abin Nujud Abi Abdur Rahman Abd ibn Habib as-Sulaimi ‘Ali Abi Talib Uthman ‘Affan Zaid Tsabit Ubay Ka’ab Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  36. 36. MUSHAF Commissioned by Saudi King, text MADINAH using the Rasm’ Uthmani - 1403 AH following strictly (1980) the spelling, letter for letter, identical to Mushaf Uthmani.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  37. 37. #9 THE CRITERIA If God sends a Book to us, it must be to inform us about Himself and His Divine Plan. 37All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  38. 38.  If you ask any person, on their own, to list down possible names and adjectives to describe God in His sublime and transcendent glory, few can make a list up to twenty or there about; even rarely to reach fifty. Even with scholastic learning in religion (other than Islam), this feat would be stupendous.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  39. 39.  Yet, in the Qur’an, the names of God are so numerously referred to, and Islamic scholars have counted them to number over a hundred and having such profound meanings befitting God’s majesty and glory; maintaining consistency without any possibility of confusion of His transcendence, that it cannot be the work of any mortal, but of God Himself. For instance in just three verses we can sample a number of these:All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  40. 40. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  42. 42. “(Allah) God is He save whom there is no deity: the One who knows all (‘Aalim) that is beyond the reach of a created being’s perception, as well as all that can be witnessed by a creature’s senses and mind: He, the Most Gracious (Al-Rahmaan), the Dispenser of Grace (Al- Rahiim). (Qur’an: al-Hashr: 59: 22)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  44. 44. “(Allah) God is He save whom there is no deity: the Sovereign Supreme (al-Malik), the Holy (al-Quddus), the One with whom all salvation rests (al-Salaam), the Giver of Faith (al-Mu’-minu), the One who determines what is true and false (al-Muhaymin), the Almighty (al-‘Aziz), the One who subdues wrong and restores right (al-Jab-bar), the One whom all greatness belongs (al-Mutakabbir)! Utterly remote is God (Allah), in His limitless glory, from anything to which men may ascribe a share in His divinity.” (Qur’an: al-Hashr: 59: 23-24)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  46. 46. “He is God (Allah), the Creator (al-Khaliq), the Evolver (al-Baa-ri-u) , Bestower of all forms or colour (al-Musow-wir)! His [alone] are the attributes of perfection (asma-al-Husna). All that is in the heavens and on earth extols His limitless glory: for He (Allah) alone is Almighty (al- Aziz), truly wise (al-Hakim)! (Qur’an: al-Hashr: 59: 23-24)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  47. 47. “Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests, since He has power to will anything: He who has created death as well as life, so that He might put you to a test [and thus show] which of you is best in conduct, and [make you realize that] He alone is almighty, forgiving.” (Qur’an: al-Mulk: 67: 1-2)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  48. 48. # 10 THE CRITERIA UNIVERSAL APPEAL AND APPLICATION … Whatever the message of the Book, it must remain relevant throughout the ages from the time of its revelation. 48All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  49. 49.  If God intends a Book to be for guidance of all mankind, then its relevance must continue to exist since the time of its revelation, without any period in history where it became hidden or completely lost its usefulness. It must always be openly known.  This criterion therefore would eliminate inclusion of such discoveries of later manuscripts which were lost but now found, or ancient book of wisdom discovered anew and popularized today.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  50. 50.  To be sure, by this, we do not therefore deny previous revelations to Prophets of the past e.g. Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus (peace be upon all of them) etc. (which the Qur’an confirmed), - only that we regard the preservation of these revelations, if any, to be partial, and are known to have been tampered with or mixed with other writing, and much have already been lost.  Thus, we hold that these previous books have now been superseded by the Qur’an.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  51. 51. Any attempt to re-discover and re-compile these earlier revelations in any endeavour to restore it to their originals as a book, would be futile, since much of it were meant to be only for its time, sent for a particular people, and admittedly many have been irretrievably lost. The Qur’an attributes much of the error in their preservation of scriptures to subsequent people who tampered (by addition, alteration or omission) to their collection of writings and then claiming it to be from God:All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  52. 52. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  53. 53. “Do they not know, then, that God (Allah) is aware of all that they would conceal as well as all that they bring into the open? And there are among them unlettered people who have no real knowledge of the divine writ, [following] only wishful beliefs and depending on nothing but conjecture.” (Qur’an: al-Baqarah: 2: 77-78).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  54. 54. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  55. 55. “Woe unto those who write down, with their own hands, [something which they claim to be] divine writ. And then say, ‘This is from God’, in order to acquire a trifling gain thereby; woe, then, unto them for what their hands have written, and woe unto them for all that they may have gained!” (Qur’an: al-Baqarah: 2: 79).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  56. 56.  Thus, many so called extant copies of ancient religious scriptures are in the language other than the original, or the usage of its language is considered to be no longer existing (on account of it being a dead language), with the only exception being the Qur’an.  With reference to many Biblical texts (Judeo-Christian), even this has been admitted by their respective scholars.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  57. 57. What the Qur’an asserted 1400 year ago, now confirmed by their own Biblical scholars “Reason for the Revision” “ Yet the King James version has serious defects. ….. And discovery of many biblical manuscripts more ancient than those on which the King James version was based made it apparent that these defects were so many as to call for a revision .” (Forward in the New Revised Standard version of the Bible)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  58. 58. THE CRITERIA THE CONCLUSION 58All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  59. 59.  claims to be from God;  And which could not be produced by any who tries;  And contains absolute principles;  And does not contain discrepancies;All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  60. 60.  And has contributed to the well-being of mankind at all levels;  And can be shown that some of its prophecies were proven true;  And some of its data compatible with scientific research;All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  61. 61.  And the whole book still remains in its original text (language);  And speaks of God and His plan;  And has universal appeal and application.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  62. 62. WHAT MUST BE YOUR VERDICT OR CONCLUSION?All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  63. 63. MOST CERTAINLY, IT MUST BE FROM WHY ... ? GOD. BECAUSE, NO OTHER CONCLUSION IS PLAUSIBLE...!All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  64. 64. TO BE CONTINUEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  65. 65. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
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