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[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#4a-contd-arkaan-ul-iiman-in-allah-(13 aprill2012)

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“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults
conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

“ARKAAN AL-IIMAN”
Articles of Faith / Belief

BELIEVE IN ALLAH
KNOWING ALLAH’S NAMES AND ATTRIBUTES

Published in: Spiritual
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[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#4a-contd-arkaan-ul-iiman-in-allah-(13 aprill2012)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON MOST MERCIFUL ISLAM” IL Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults R A-’ IB conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail # 4 a O F J D ITH ON ) HA SS nt’d Every Friday LE (co IT CAN ALSO BE A night @ 8pm – REFRESHER COURSE 10pm FOR MUSLIM “ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Wisma Indah, PARENTS, 450 Changi EDUCATORS, IN Articles of Faith / Belief Road, CONTEMPORARY #02-00 next to SINGAPORE. BELIEVE IN ALLAH Masjid Kassim OPEN TO ALL Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED 30 MARCH 2012All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 1
  2. 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY MOST COMPASSIONATE, USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL MOST MERCIFUL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” (The basic message of Islam) 2All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  3. 3. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS • “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. • No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  4. 4. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS • “Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  5. 5. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  6. 6. Islam is built upon five “Tell me about Islam” things: Bear witness that there is none deserving of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  7. 7. Islam is built upon five “Tell me about Islam” things: And to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily worship or specific devotion).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  8. 8. Islam is built upon five “Tell me about Islam” things: And to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the wealth).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  9. 9. Islam is built upon five “Tell me about Islam” things: And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  10. 10. Islam is built upon five “Tell me about Islam” things: And to observe fasting daily in the month of Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  11. 11. .....“Tell me about (Belief) iiman is that iiman (Faith/Belief)” you: Solemnly believe in Allah; His angels; His Books, His Messengers; In the Afterlife; In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah;All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  12. 12. • ........ “ Tell me “Al-Ihsan” (excellence) about ‘Al-Ihsan’- is: (the Best or ... That you serve (worship) Allah as Righteous conduct or though you see Him, Excellence)” but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  13. 13. IIMAN ‘AMAL • IHSAN [Islam] Belief Submission Best or Faith Obedience Righteous Conviction Practice Conduct Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  14. 14. (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;  His Books,  His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  15. 15. (The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you: Solemnly believe in Allah; His angels; His Books, His Messengers; In the Afterlife; In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  16. 16. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  18. 18. "In (with) the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful." (Quran: Al-Fatiha: 1: 1)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  20. 20. "QUL – HU-WALLAA - HU- AHAD, ALLAA-HUS – SwO - MAD, LAM-YA-LID – WA –LAM – YUU - LAD, WA-LAM – YAKUN – LA - HUU KU-FU-AN - AHAD"All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  21. 21. "No vision can encompass Him, whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone is unfathomable (latif) *, all-aware.“ (Qur’an: Anam: 6: 103)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  22. 22. "There is nothing like unto Him*, and yet He alone is all- hearing, all-seeing.“ (Qur’an: As-Shura 42 : 11)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  23. 23. Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. have said:All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  24. 24. Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. have said: "(To know Allah) Think and reflect upon Allahs creation and do not try to think of His Essence (Dzat), for you will certainly not be able to comprehend it.“ (Hadith)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  26. 26. “And yet, some people choose to worship certain earthly things or beings as deities that [are supposed to] resurrect the dead; and they fail to realize that, had there been in heaven or on earth any either deity besides Allah, both [those realms] would surely have fallen to ruin! But limitless in His Glory is Allah, enthroned in His awesome almightiness [far] above anything that man can devise by way of definition!” (Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 21-22)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  27. 27. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  28. 28. DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD : ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins which I do not know.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  29. 29. TO CONTINUE ASMA’ WA-SIFATAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  30. 30. "Allah is He, whom there is no other god; (‘AALIM AL-GHAYBI WAS-SHAHAADA) Who knows (all things), both secret and open, He, (AR-RAH-MAAN) the Most Compassionate, (AR-RAHEEM) the Most Merciful.“ (Quran: Hashr: 59: 22)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  31. 31. "Allah is He, whom there is no other god; (AL-MAALIK) the Sovereign, (AL-QUD-DUS) the Holy One, (AS-SALAAM) the Source of Peace and Perfection, (AL-MU’-MEEN) the Guardian of faith, (AL-MUHAY-MEEN) the Preserver of Safety, (AL-’AZIZ) the Exalted in Might, (AL-JAB-BAR) the Irresistible, (AL-MUTAKABBIR) the Supreme.“ (Quran: Hashr: 59: 22)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  32. 32. "Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above the partners they attribute to Him.“ (Quran: Hashr: 59: 23)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  33. 33. "He is Allah! (AL-KHAALIQ) The Creator, (AL-BAA-RI-U) the Evolver, (AL-MUSAW-WIR) the Bestower of forms (and colours) – to Him belongs (ASMA-UL-HUSNA) the Most Beautiful (Most Perfect) Names!“ (Quran: Hashr: 59: 24)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  34. 34. "Whatever is in the heavens or on Earth, both declare His Praise and Glory: for He alone is almighty, truly wise!!“ (Quran: Hashr: 59: 24)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  35. 35. "And if my servants ask you concerning Me – behold, I am near; I respond to the call of him who calls Me: let him then respond unto Me, and believe in Me, so that they might follow the right way“ (Quran: Baqarah: 2: 186)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  36. 36. "Say: [Thus speaks Allah] O you servants of Mine who have transgressed against your own selves! Despair not of Allahs mercy: behold, Allah forgives all sins – for verily, He alone is much-forgiving, a dispenser of Grace!“ (Quran: Zumar: 39: 53)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  37. 37. "No vision can encompass Him whereas He encompasses all vision : for He is (AL-LATIFF) unfathomable, (AL-KHABIR) all-Aware." (Quran: Anam: 6: 103)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  39. 39. "That no bearer of burdens shall be made to bear anothers burden; and naught shall be accounted unto man except what he is striving for; and in time [the nature of all] his striving will be shown [to him in its true light], whereupon he shall be requited for it with the fullest requital; and that with thy Sustainer is the beginning and the end [of all that exists].“ (Quran: Najm: 53: 38-42)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  40. 40. EXTRACTED FROM “INTRODUCTION TO TAUHEED COURSE NOTES” This is one of the traditional approaches in ensuring the understanding of attributes of Allah, amongst Muslims who are exposed to other religious or philosophical views, does not deviate from that of the pious predecessors’ (Salafus-Soleheen)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  41. 41. ADDITIONAL NOTES TO DISTINGUISH ALLAH’S EXISTENCE FROM THAT OF CREATION AND MUSLIMS’ UNDERSTANDING OF ALLAH’S ESSENTIAL ATTRIBUTESAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  42. 42. Thus, even the "how " of His being "different" from everything else is beyond the categories of human thought. Therefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not in trying to discern His Essence (Dzat), which is an impossibility due to human imperfection and limitation. But we are encourage to know Him by way of His attributes and other Signs (Aayat). The Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. have said: "(To know Allah) Think and reflect upon Allahs attributes (Sifat) and do not try to think of (reality of) His Essence (Dzat).“ (Hadith reported by Abu-Shaykh – al Jami’ : 134 Risalah Tauhid) 42All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  43. 43.  In man’s reliance upon rationalising to understand the ‘nature’ of God, they may be prone to error which, if left unguided, may lead to grave consequences.  Although mankind may discern the existence of God – the Supreme Being, Creator of every creations, yet knowledge about who that Supreme Being is (what are His names, attributes etc.), must come from God Himself. 43All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  44. 44.  Islamic scholars responded by stipulating the ‘criteria’ or guideline for using reason (‘aqliyyah) in theology, which must also be substantiated with textual basis in Revelations (naqliyyah).  Without which, man’s tendencies towards speculating with anthropomorphic imaginings may occur – especially when ignoring difference in meaning of words in Qur’an, between metaphorical and literal. 44All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  45. 45. “.. in it (Al-Qur’an) are AAYAT MUHKAMAT - verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning); they are the FOUNDATION OF THE BOOK: others are AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT – verses not of well-established meaning.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  47. 47. “But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is not of well-established meaning (AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT ), seeking discord, and searching for its interpretation but no one knows its true meanings except Allah *, and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it is from our Lord"; and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding.”...” understanding.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  48. 48. ADDITIONAL NOTES * Attributing human forms or personalities to Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  49. 49. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE WUJUD  There are countless ways to verify the existence of God. When Muslim acknowledges God’s existence, by this he is also certain of what God is not – i.e. anything antithetical to this notion is rejected as absurd, and cannot be attributed to God. ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE (SIFAT) WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE (DZAT)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  50. 50. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE QIDAM ETERNITY - FOREVER EXISTING WITHOUT ANY BEGINNING  Our understanding of “existence” must be differentiated when applied to God. Firstly, Allah is the creator of our ‘notion’ of time, thus only Allah alone has existed without any beginning (forever existing). Whose existence is (WAJIB-AL-WUJUD) essential ,to the existence of creations – i.e. termed ‘contingent existence’ - (MUMKIN-AL-WUJUD).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  51. 51. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE BAQA’ EVERLASTINGNESS – ETERNALLY WITHOUT END  As our understanding of “existence” must be differentiated when applied to God, therefore secondly, Allah alone is Absolute and will always exist without any ending (forever existing). All other existence (i.e. in creations) is only contingent existence (mumkin al-wujud) which may cease, dependent upon the Will of Allah.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  52. 52. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE MUKHALA-FATUHU-LIL- HAWADITH DIFFERENT FROM ANYTHING WHICH IS REGARDED AS NEW (CREATION)  Muslim holds the belief that we cannot attribute to Allah similar attributes like those possessed by creations. Any descriptions in the Qur’an and As-Sunnah which use metaphors or allegorical verses (ayat mutashabbiha) for Allah, must not be taken as literal or regarded as having a decisive meaning.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  53. 53. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE QIYAA-MUHU-BI-NAFSIHI HE EXISTED BY HIMSELF (WITHOUT NEED FOR OTHERS)  Men’s tendencies towards anthropomorphic attributions to God is to be refuted. Allah alone is God, the One Being who is Absolute and utterly transcends the notion of ever needing a cause, other than in and by Himself.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  54. 54. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE WAH-DAA-NIYAH ABSOLUTE ONENESS  In our understanding Allah - His attributes (sifaat ), His Names (asma’) and His Acts (Af -’al ); we do not in any way negate His Absolute Oneness. Allah being the Absolute One, indivisible, Infinite Being – having no partners, etc. is fundamental in the Islamic Creed.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  55. 55. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE QUDRAH POSSESSING POWER  Certainly Allah is all-powerful. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as having attributes of weakness, impotent etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  56. 56. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE IRAADAH POSSESSING WILL  Certainly Allah possesses ‘Will’. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the misconception of God without a Will, incapable of decree and decision, inconsequential, uncreative, etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  57. 57. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE ‘ILMUN KNOWING  Certainly Allah is all-knowing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as being ignorant, forgetful, etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  58. 58. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE HAYAAT LIVING  Certainly Allah is the Ever-Living. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God who is dead or who can die.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  59. 59. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE SAM’UN HEARING  Certainly Allah is all-Hearing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being deaf, deprived or obstructed from hearing etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  60. 60. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE BASWARUN SEEING  Certainly Allah is All-Seeing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being blind, or that things can be concealed or hidden from Him, etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  61. 61. ADDITIONAL NOTES EXISTENCE KALAAMUN SPEECH  Certainly Allah possesses Speech. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the foolish assertion of God as being dumb, unable to communicate, etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  62. 62. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  63. 63. Say, "O disbelievers, I do not worship what you worship. Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship. Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.“ (Qur’an: Kafirun: 109: 1-6)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  64. 64. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  65. 65. “ He is (AL-HAYU) the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, so (FAD-’UUHU) call upon Him, [being] sincere to Him in religion (MUKH-LISAN LAHUD-DEEN). [All] praise is [due] to Allah, (ROB-BIL-’AA-LA-MEEN) Lord of the worlds. Say, [O Muhammad], "Indeed, I have been forbidden to worship those you call upon (TAD-’UUNA) besides Allah once the clear proofs have come to me from my Lord, and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds.” (Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 65-66)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  66. 66.  Difference between the terms: “ILAAH” “The Divine” – that Supreme Being, acknowledged by all religion to transcend in His Infiniteness, from others in creation and the created. “MA’-BUD” “That which is worshipped” – that object of worship, defined by one’s theological doctrines as “the Divine”. • Therefore “ilaah” and “ma’bud” are not necessarily synonymous. There is no “ilaah” except Allah, but we reject what others are worshipping (termed as their “ma’bud”) and assert and invite them to the correct “ilaah” i.e. AllahAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  67. 67. “Say: ‘O People of the Book (Scripture)! Exceed not in your religion the bounds (of what is proper), trespassing beyond the Truth, nor follow the vain desires of people who went wrong in times gone by – who misled many, and strayed (themselves from the even Way.” (Qur’an: al- Maa-’idah: 5 : 77)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  68. 68. Say: O People of the Scripture! Come to a common word between us and you: that we shall worship none but Allah (God), and that we shall ascribe no partner unto Him, and that none of us shall take others for lords beside Allah (God). And if they turn away, then say: Bear witness that we are they who have surrendered (unto Him). (Qur’an: Aal ‘Imran 3:64)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  69. 69. IMPORTANT DZIKR LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHDAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-HAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, “There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except Allah, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  71. 71. A l l we l c o me t o v is it my we b - b l o g : http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 71All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)

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