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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,                 MOST COMPASSIONATE,                 MOST MERCIFUL.                                  ...
FROM PREVIOUS LESSON # 6 –All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
FROM PREVIOUS LESSON # 6 –All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
Concerning this state of the nafs (self), it is stated in the Holy            Qur’an:                    “And yet, I am no...
FROM PREVIOUS LESSON # 6 –All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“O ye who believe! (be conscious of and ) fear Allah (TAQWA)                and let every soul look to what (provision) he...
EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS                                  MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:All Rights Reserved © Zh...
EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS                                  MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:                       “...
EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS                                  MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:            RELATIONSHIP...
EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS                                  MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:            RELATIONSHIP...
EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS                                  MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:         RELATIONSHIP TO...
EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS                                  MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:         RELATIONSHIP TO...
EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS                                  MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:                        ...
EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS                                  MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:                        ...
“Verily, mans inner self (NAFS ‘AMMARAH), does incite [him] to                evil, and saved are only they upon whom my S...
“MAKE due allowance for mans nature (by forgiving them), and                 enjoin the doing of what is right; and leave ...
“Verily, they who are conscious of Allah (TAQWA) bethink themselves                 [of Him- TADZAK-KARU] whenever any dar...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“O mankind! Behold, We have created you all out of a                             male and a female, and have made you into...
IN           MR SE)         TA CI            ER         (EX           1.     We are all familiar with the term “TAQWA”. Ye...
TAQWA             From the word root                     “WAU-QAF-YA” - we have:                        “WI-QAA-YA” meanin...
TAQWA             The usual translation into English is ‘reverential fear of Allah’,             which may convey some asp...
TAUFIQ                                                     (success)   (astray)                                           ...
TAUFIQ                                                    (‘Bulls-eye’)      (missed completely)                          ...
#۱            If you are wearing an            overflowing robe, how            would you walk through            upon a r...
#۲           It would not be a problem to walk upon this road this wide isn’t it?                                         ...
But now knowing the reality of where             #۲           you really are, how would you be walking upon it?           ...
TAQWA               Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazalie rhm. [Ref: “al-Ghazalie –               Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship...
[1] AWARENESS               By conscious awareness we mean the state in which one’s mind               and feelings are in...
[2] UNDERSTANDING               Understanding the meaning of one’s words is something that goes               beyond aware...
[3] REVERENCE               As for reverence, this is something beyond both awareness and               understanding. A m...
[4] AWE               As for awe, it is over and above reverence. In fact, it represents a               kind of fear that...
[5] HOPE               As for hope, this is unquestionably something else again. There are               many who revere o...
[6] SHAME               As for shame, it is something additional to all the rest, for it is               based on the rea...
In summary, TAQWA is that state of consciousness of Allah s.w.t.               with:                           [1] AWARENE...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“AND SO, set thy face steadfastly towards the [one ever-true] faith,                  turning away from all that is false,...
“But unto him who shall have stood in (KHAUF) fear of his                        Sustainers Presence, and held back his in...
“And so those who were given knowledge may know that it is                     the truth from your Lord and [therefore] be...
“But those who wrong follow their [own] desires ( AHWA)without knowledge. Then who can guide one whom Allah hassent astray...
“Have you seen he who has taken as his god his [own] desire ( HAWA),                  and Allah has sent him astray due to...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“And if We had willed, we could have elevated him                       thereby, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and...
“But if they do not respond to you - then know that they only                        follow their [own] desires (AHWA). An...
“Indeed, the Hour is coming - I almost conceal it - so that every                    soul may be recompensed according to ...
“O you who have attained to faith! Be conscious of (and fear you of                 transgressing against) Allah (TAQWA) w...
MAQOM AL-ISLAM              – Fear of Kufr’ (unbelief) by avoiding things which may cause a              Muslim to exit Is...
MAQOM AZ-ZUHUD         – Fear of even in the clearly unambiguous lawful (HALAL) things.         Whereby his vigilance of A...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“O you who have attained to faith! Respond to the                         call of Allah and the Messenger whenever he call...
“O YOU who have attained to faith! Do not put yourselves                     forward in the presence of [what] Allah and H...
“O you who have attained to faith! Surrender yourselves                        wholly unto Allah (FEE SIL-MI KA-AF-FAH), a...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“THE BEDOUIN (ARAB) say, “We have attained to faith.”                             Say [unto them, O Muhammad]: “You have n...
“Islam (submission to the Will of Allah) is built upon five .... “                                       (Hadith of the Pr...
Aspects of practices, when consistently performed definitely will         leave an indelible impression upon our dispositi...
There is always that inner dimension in the Muslims’ acts of worship ,        the spiritual to what is seen as physical.  ...
We may taste the higher conditions (HAAL), but by our sincere        striving we hope Allah Who may grant us the success (...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
TASAWWUR ISLAM FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF                        TAQWA    BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF        ...
TASAWWUR ISLAM            LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT          TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF                        TAQWA       MUSLIM ...
TASAWWUR ISLAM            LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT          TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF                        TAQWA              ...
TASAWWUR ISLAM            LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT          TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF                        TAQWA              ...
TASAWWUR ISLAM            LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT          TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF                        TAQWA              ...
TASAWWUR ISLAM                                                    MAQOM AL-’ARIFEEN            LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT       ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“O YOU who have attained to faith! What is amiss with                             you that, when you are called upon, "Go ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“ALLURING unto man is the enjoyment of worldly                             desires through women, and children, and heaped...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
“Say: "Shall I tell you of better things than those                             [earthly joys]? For the God-conscious (MUT...
AND ALLAH KNOWS ALL                                                       TO BE CONTINUED ... INSHA-ALLAHAll Rights Reserv...
“O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true                               and grant us the ability to follow it.           ...
O Allah! There is none who can withhold                            what You send, nor send whatever You withholdAll Rights...
Neither can they guide whom You leave astray                                                                      astr    ...
Neither can they give whatever You deprive,                                 nor can they deprive to whom You giveAll Right...
Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast,                         nor (can any) be cast those whom You draw close...
O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings,                              and Your mercy, and Your grace and Your         ...
O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours)                                     that never ends nor fades away.Al...
O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours)                                   on the Day of deprivation (Hereafter),      ...
O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil                           repercussions of what You have given us and       ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have                      forgotten or erred.                      Our Lord, ...
O Allah! Make faith (iiman) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts              and make disbelief (Kufr), sinning (Fusu...
O Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims                           and join us with the ranks of the righteous...
‘And (may Allah send) salutations and prayers upon Muhammad                                             and upon the house...
“Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power!                               (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Hi...
All welcome to visit my web-blog:         http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/         http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.co...
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[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (february 2013-batch-) -# 7a -building-submission-upon-5-pillars-(13-april-2013)

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[Slideshare] akhlaq-course (february 2013-batch-) -# 7a -building-submission-upon-5-pillars-(13-april-2013)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM -AL-AKHLAQ ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 7a – “BUILDING YOUR SUBMISSION TO ALLAH UPON FIVE ASPECTS” INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQ “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED 13 APRIL 2013All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  2. 2. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON # 6 –All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  3. 3. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON # 6 –All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  4. 4. Concerning this state of the nafs (self), it is stated in the Holy Qur’an: “And yet, I am not trying to absolve myself: for, verily, mans inner self (NAFS ‘AMMARAH), does incite [him] to evil, and saved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace. Behold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“ (Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  5. 5. FROM PREVIOUS LESSON # 6 –All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  7. 7. “O ye who believe! (be conscious of and ) fear Allah (TAQWA) and let every soul look to what (provision) he has sent forth for the morrow (hereafter). Yea, (be conscious of and) fear Allah (TAQWA) : for Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do. And be ye not like those who forgot Allah; and He made them forget their own souls! Such are the rebellious transgressors! Not equal are the Companions of the Fire and the Companions of the Garden: it is the Companions of the Garden, that will achieve Felicity.” (Qur’an: Surah al-Hashr: 59: 18-20)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  8. 8. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  9. 9. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: “By the NAFS (Soul, or self) , and the proportion and order given to it; And its enlightenment as to its wrong and its right;― Truly he succeeds that purifies it, And he fails that corrupts it!” (Qur’an: as-Shams: 91: 7-10)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  10. 10. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TO HIMSELF SELFAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  11. 11. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TO HIMSELF THE SIN OF SELF-CONCEIT* SELF * Vainglorious; self-centredAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  12. 12. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS ALLAH ALLAH SELFAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  13. 13. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS ALLAH ALLAH THE SIN OF INGRATITUDE* SELF * Obstinacy; unyieldingAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  14. 14. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS OTHERS SELF OTHERSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  15. 15. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS OTHERS SELF THE SIN OF ARROGANCE* OTHERS * Proud; haughtyAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  16. 16. “Verily, mans inner self (NAFS ‘AMMARAH), does incite [him] to evil, and saved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace. Behold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“ (Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  17. 17. “MAKE due allowance for mans nature (by forgiving them), and enjoin the doing of what is right; and leave alone all those who choose to remain ignorant. And if it should happen that a prompting from Satan stirs thee up [to blind anger], seek refuge with Allah: behold, He is all-hearing, all-knowing.” (Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 199-200)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  18. 18. “Verily, they who are conscious of Allah (TAQWA) bethink themselves [of Him- TADZAK-KARU] whenever any dark suggestion from Satan touches them - whereupon, lo! they begin to see [things] clearly, even though their [godless] brethren would [like to] draw them into error: and then they cannot fail [to do what is right].” (Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 201-202)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  20. 20. “O mankind! Behold, We have created you all out of a male and a female, and have made you into nations and tribes, so that you might come to know one another. Verily, the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the one who is most deeply conscious of Him (TAQWA). Behold, Allah is all-knowing, all-aware.” (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  21. 21. IN MR SE) TA CI ER (EX 1. We are all familiar with the term “TAQWA”. Yet, what is our understanding of it? How do Muslims generally perceive this terminology? Is the perception correct or is it merely a label? “Can I get to know 2. From your own experience – discuss and share your observation, you ? What have we learnt?” experience on how much (or little?) of the subject taught currently, has (or has not?) clarified / illuminated your understanding (or misunderstanding?) of this important aspect of the teaching of Islam. “If what one is seeking to have is not known (or vague) to oneself, how then can one hope to succeed in getting it.” - Zhulkeflee You are given only 30 minutes to complete this assignmentAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  22. 22. TAQWA From the word root “WAU-QAF-YA” - we have: “WI-QAA-YA” meaning – “to safeguard; shelter; shield; take care from; precaution; avert; etc.” Thus the implication is “to have regard or being conscious of Allah such that we are especially cautious (by safeguarding ourselves and our deeds from all sins), so as not to incur His wrath and punishment.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  23. 23. TAQWA The usual translation into English is ‘reverential fear of Allah’, which may convey some aspect of it, yet the full understanding of this term still evades many. I prefer to use term “the ‘consciousness of Allah’, which entails factors which lead to true obedience to Allah s.w.t. and His Messenger Muhammad s.a.w. - obedience to what Allah ordered and staying away from what Allah forbade.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  24. 24. TAUFIQ (success) (astray) (astray) HIDAAYA PARABLE OF (guidance) THE ROADAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  25. 25. TAUFIQ (‘Bulls-eye’) (missed completely) (missed completely) HIDAAYA PARABLE (on target) IN ARCHERYAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) )
  26. 26. #۱ If you are wearing an overflowing robe, how would you walk through upon a road full of bushes of thorns ? PARABLE OF WALKING IN THORNY PATHWAYAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  27. 27. #۲ It would not be a problem to walk upon this road this wide isn’t it? 2 metres Suppose you are shown this lighted path …. PARABLE OF ‘ACROPHOBIA’All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  28. 28. But now knowing the reality of where #۲ you really are, how would you be walking upon it? 2 metres PARABLE OF ‘ACROPHOBIA’All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  29. 29. TAQWA Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazalie rhm. [Ref: “al-Ghazalie – Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship”] has listed six important qualities in ‘TaqwAllah’ (consciousness of Allah):All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  30. 30. [1] AWARENESS By conscious awareness we mean the state in which one’s mind and feelings are in no way distracted from what one is doing and saying. Perception is united with action and speech. Thoughts do not wonder. When the mind remains attentive to what one is doing, when one is whole-heartedly involved, and when nothing makes one heedless, that is when one has achieved conscious awareness.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  31. 31. [2] UNDERSTANDING Understanding the meaning of one’s words is something that goes beyond awareness, for one may be conscious of making an utterance, yet not be aware of the meaning of that utterance. What we mean by understanding therefore is an awareness that also include comprehension of the meaning of one’s utterance. People differ in this respect, not sharing a common understanding of the Qur’an and the glorifications (we uttered).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  32. 32. [3] REVERENCE As for reverence, this is something beyond both awareness and understanding. A man may address his servant in full awareness and understanding the meaning of his words, yet without reverence, for reverence is in additional element.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  33. 33. [4] AWE As for awe, it is over and above reverence. In fact, it represents a kind of fear that grows out of the latter (i.e. reverence). Without experiencing fear, one will not stand in awe. There is an ordinary fear of things we find repugnant, like scorpions or bad temper, but this is not awe. What we called awe, is the kind of fear we have for a mighty king. Awe is the kind of fear induced by a sense of majesty.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  34. 34. [5] HOPE As for hope, this is unquestionably something else again. There are many who revere one or other, and who are in awe of him or afraid of his power, yet do not hope to be rewarded by him. In our prayers, however, we must hope for the reward of God, Great and Glorious is He, just as we fear His punishment for our faults.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  35. 35. [6] SHAME As for shame, it is something additional to all the rest, for it is based on the realization of one’s deficiencies and the apprehension of sin. It is quite possible to conceive of reverence, fear and hope, without this element of shame.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  36. 36. In summary, TAQWA is that state of consciousness of Allah s.w.t. with: [1] AWARENESS [2] UNDERSTANDING [3] REVERENCE [4] AWE [5] HOPE [6] SHAMEAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  37. 37. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  38. 38. “AND SO, set thy face steadfastly towards the [one ever-true] faith, turning away from all that is false, in accordance with the natural disposition (FITRAH) which Allah has instilled into man: [for,] not to allow any change to corrupt what Allah has thus created this is the [purpose of the one] ever-true faith; but most people know it not.” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  39. 39. “But unto him who shall have stood in (KHAUF) fear of his Sustainers Presence, and held back his inner self ( NAFS) from base desires (HAWA), paradise will truly be the goal!” (Qur’an: Nazi’at : 79: 40-41)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  40. 40. “And so those who were given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord and [therefore] believe in it, and their hearts (QULUBUHUM) humbly submit to it. And indeed is Allah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path.” (Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 54)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  41. 41. “But those who wrong follow their [own] desires ( AHWA)without knowledge. Then who can guide one whom Allah hassent astray? And for them there are no helpers.” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 29)
  42. 42. “Have you seen he who has taken as his god his [own] desire ( HAWA), and Allah has sent him astray due to knowledge and has set a seal upon his hearing and his heart and put over his vision a veil? So who will guide him after Allah? Then will you not be reminded?” (Qur’an: Jatsiya: 45: 23)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  44. 44. “And if We had willed, we could have elevated him thereby, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and followed his own desire (HAWA). So his example is like that of the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him, he [still] pants. That is the example of the people who denied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps they will give thought.” (Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 176)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  45. 45. “But if they do not respond to you - then know that they only follow their [own] desires (AHWA). And who is more astray than one who follows his desire without guidance from Allah? Indeed, Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.” (Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 50)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  46. 46. “Indeed, the Hour is coming - I almost conceal it - so that every soul may be recompensed according to that for which it strives. So do not let one avert you from it who does not believe in it and follows his desire (HAWA), for you [then] would perish.” (Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 15-16)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  47. 47. “O you who have attained to faith! Be conscious of (and fear you of transgressing against) Allah (TAQWA) with all the consciousness that is due to Him (HAQQATU QAATIH), and do not allow death to overtake you (LAA TA-MUU-TUN-NA) ere you have surrendered yourselves unto Him (as Muslims – MUSLI-MUUN).” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 102)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  48. 48. MAQOM AL-ISLAM – Fear of Kufr’ (unbelief) by avoiding things which may cause a Muslim to exit Islam by acts of renounciation ( IRTIDAD ) and of setting up partners to Allah ( SHIRK) MAQOM AT-TAUBAH – Fear of disobedience (MA’SIYA) and avoidance unlawful thing (MUHARRAMAT) MAQOM AL-WARA’ – Having a religious scruples to the degree of avoiding even the Doubtful (SHUB-HAT) things Categorization by Imam Ibn Juzayy al-Kalbi rhm.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  49. 49. MAQOM AZ-ZUHUD – Fear of even in the clearly unambiguous lawful (HALAL) things. Whereby his vigilance of Allah is detached from reliance or over dependence of the effect of causality (cause and effect or means) MAQOM AL -’AARIFEEN - This is the highest, a state of true God-consciousness linked to gnosis (Ma’rifah -knowledge of Allah). The fear of allowing other than Allah to enter the heart (affecting his remembrance and witnessing of Allah) Categorization by Imam Ibn Juzayy al-Kalbi rhm.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  51. 51. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  52. 52. “O you who have attained to faith! Respond to the call of Allah and the Messenger whenever he calls you unto that which will give you life; and know that Allah intervenes between man and [the desires of] his heart, and that unto Him you shall be gathered.“ (Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  53. 53. “O YOU who have attained to faith! Do not put yourselves forward in the presence of [what] Allah and His Messenger [may have ordained], but remain conscious of (and fear transgressing commands of) Allah: for, verily, Allah is all- hearing, all-knowing!” (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  54. 54. “O you who have attained to faith! Surrender yourselves wholly unto Allah (FEE SIL-MI KA-AF-FAH), and follow not Satans footsteps, for, verily, he is your open foe.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 208)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  55. 55. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  56. 56. “THE BEDOUIN (ARAB) say, “We have attained to faith.” Say [unto them, O Muhammad]: “You have not [yet] attained to faith (LAM TU’-MINU); you should [rather] say, ‘We have [outwardly] surrendered ( ASLAM-NA)’ - for [true] faith has not yet entered your hearts. But if you [truly] pay heed (obey –TA-’AH) unto Allah and His Messenger, He will not let the least of your deeds go to waste: for, behold, Allah is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.” (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 14)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  57. 57. “Islam (submission to the Will of Allah) is built upon five .... “ (Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.) “Do not regard your duty in ‘ibadat as mere rituals, For they are for your education and development to become truly a Muslim”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  58. 58. Aspects of practices, when consistently performed definitely will leave an indelible impression upon our disposition – sooner or later by Allah’s leave. To hasten impact, doing an act with knowledge certainly is important. Thus acts of devotions which in Islam constitute the essential programme for every Muslim’s development. To merely see these aspects purely from the “ do’s and don’t ” alone ; or mere ritualistic perspective, would be incorrect. Implicit in all the teaching on the practices is the development of inner awareness and purity in the Nafs (Self), which would then form that character (disposition) of a person who submits to Allah.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  59. 59. There is always that inner dimension in the Muslims’ acts of worship , the spiritual to what is seen as physical. Why It begins with the physical aspects is because man’s inner spirituality is usually dimmed by our attraction to the physical and material outlook in life. The development favoured by Islam is for the achievement of a balanced growth, both physical and spiritual: for the material well-being in this world as well as, more importantly, the eternal happiness in the Hereafter – the place where our NAFS (Self) ultimately will be for eternity.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  60. 60. We may taste the higher conditions (HAAL), but by our sincere striving we hope Allah Who may grant us the success ( Taufiq) to have consistency (ISTIQOMAH) to be in this condition such that it becomes our station (MAQOM).” Thus, this basic condition (HAAL) and stage or station (MAQOM) – “Islam” OR the condition of “submission and obedience to Allah’s will” must firstly be traversed first prior to attainment of the higher stations. The condition of being Muslim is for all to begin with, whereas the subsequent stations are subsequent conferment or attainment of the degree of nearness to Allah the highest being TAQWA.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  61. 61. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  62. 62. TASAWWUR ISLAM FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWA BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF AL-ISLAM MUSLIM MAQOM AL-ISLAM SubmissionAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  63. 63. TASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF TAQWA MUSLIM MAQOM AL-ISLAM SubmissionAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  64. 64. TASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF TAQWA MU’MEEN MAQOM AT-TAUBAH Believer MUSLIM SubmissionAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  65. 65. TASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF TAQWA MUHSEEN MAQOM AL-WARA’ Best or righteous conduct MU’MEEN Believer MUSLIM SubmissionAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  66. 66. TASAWWUR ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF TAQWA MAQOM AZ-ZUHUD MUKHLISWEEN Sincerity MUHSEEN Best or righteous conduct MU’MEEN Believer MUSLIM SubmissionAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  67. 67. TASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-’ARIFEEN LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HGHEST STATE OF MUTTAQEEN TAQWA God-consciousness or Piety MUKHLISWEEN Sincerity MUHSEEN Best or righteous conduct MU’MEEN Believer MUSLIM SubmissionAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  68. 68. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  69. 69. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  70. 70. “O YOU who have attained to faith! What is amiss with you that, when you are called upon, "Go forth and strive in Allahs cause," you cling heavily to the earth? Would you content yourselves with [the comforts of] this worldly life in preference to [the good of] the life to come? But the enjoyment of life in this world is but a paltry thing when compared with the life to come!” (Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 38)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  71. 71. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  72. 72. “ALLURING unto man is the enjoyment of worldly desires through women, and children, and heaped-up treasures of gold and silver, and horses of high mark, and cattle, and lands. All this may be enjoyed in the life of this world - but the most beauteous of all goals is with Allah.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 14)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  73. 73. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  74. 74. “Say: "Shall I tell you of better things than those [earthly joys]? For the God-conscious (MUTTAQI) there are, with their Sustainer, gardens through which running waters flow, therein to abide, and spouses pure, and Allahs goodly acceptance." And Allah sees all that is in [the hearts of] His servants.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 15)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  75. 75. AND ALLAH KNOWS ALL TO BE CONTINUED ... INSHA-ALLAHAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  76. 76. “O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  77. 77. O Allah! There is none who can withhold what You send, nor send whatever You withholdAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  78. 78. Neither can they guide whom You leave astray astr Nor can they lead astray whom You have guidedAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  79. 79. Neither can they give whatever You deprive, nor can they deprive to whom You giveAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  80. 80. Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast, nor (can any) be cast those whom You draw closerAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  81. 81. O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings, and Your mercy, and Your grace and Your provisions.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  82. 82. O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours) that never ends nor fades away.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  83. 83. O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours) on the Day of deprivation (Hereafter), and the safety on the Day of fear (Judgement Day).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  84. 84. O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil repercussions of what You have given us and from the evil of what You have deprived us of.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  85. 85. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  86. 86. "Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people."All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  87. 87. O Allah! Make faith (iiman) dear to us and beautify it in our hearts and make disbelief (Kufr), sinning (Fusuq) and rebelliousness (`isyan) hateful to us, and make us among the rightly guided ( Raa-shi-duun).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  88. 88. O Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones, without tasting humiliation or turmoil.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  89. 89. ‘And (may Allah send) salutations and prayers upon Muhammad and upon the household and companions of Muhammad (the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  90. 90. “Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  91. 91. All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ 91All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)

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