Prium Tempus Best Practice Kovacevic (Eng)

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Case Study Presentation: University of Zagreb (Melita Kovacevic)

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Prium Tempus Best Practice Kovacevic (Eng)

  1. 1. Case Study Presentation: University of Zagreb Melita Kovačević Vice-Rector for Science and Technology University of Zagreb PRIUM, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, November 12 – 13, 2008
  2. 2. Doctoral education - Past <ul><li>Non existence of doctoral studies </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>/individual mentorship </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Frequently not related to research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Long-lasting process </li></ul><ul><li>Non existence of monitoring mechanisms </li></ul>
  3. 3. New University challenges : <ul><li>Reform </li></ul>Bologna (HR, 2001.) 3 cycles PhD studies
  4. 4. Legal background: <ul><li>Law on Research and Higher Education, 2003 (last revision 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>National Council for Higher Education - recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>University Statute, 2005 (and Faculties Statutes) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations and Codes related to particular doctoral study </li></ul><ul><li>University document (regulations) on doctoral studies – in preparation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sljeme workshop – recommendations - September 2006 (organized by the University of Zagrebu and The National Foundation for Science, Higher Education and Technological Development of the Republic of Croatia) <ul><li>Doktorski studiji bitna su odrednica sveučilišta te ključna sastavnica u unapređivanju znanstveno-istraživačke djelatnosti na sveučilištima i znanstvenim institutima. </li></ul><ul><li>Doktorski studiji snažan su instrument za čvršće povezivanje EHEA i ERA. </li></ul><ul><li>Doktorski studiji kljucan su instrument za izgrađivanje kompetencija istraživača u hrvatskom istraživačkom prostoru. </li></ul><ul><li>Najslabiju točku cjelokupnog sustava doktorskih studija na nacionalnoj razini predstavlja nepostojanje sustava financiranja. </li></ul><ul><li>tražiti financiranje doktorskih studenata iz sredstava različitih istraživačkih projekata </li></ul><ul><li>Procjena kapaciteta nastave, istraživanja i mentora. </li></ul><ul><li>Suradnja </li></ul><ul><li>Uvjeti </li></ul><ul><li>Kvaliteta i osiguranje kvalitete . </li></ul><ul><li>Preoblikovanje dosadašnjih poslijediplomskih studija u doktorske studije </li></ul><ul><li>Razlikovanje specijalističkih od doktorskih studija </li></ul><ul><li>U doktorskim studijima koristiti sve hrvatske kapacitete </li></ul><ul><li>Potrebno je razvijati uvjete za ostvarivanje mobilnosti </li></ul><ul><li>Uspostava kvalitete doktorskih studija u svim znanstvenim i umjetničkim područjima </li></ul><ul><li>Sudjelovanje novaka u održavanju nastave </li></ul><ul><li>Naši najbolji studenti i dalje odlaze na strana sveučilišta, a strani ne dolaze </li></ul><ul><li>Valja mnogo više raditi na privlačnosti studija nego do sada </li></ul>
  6. 6. Structural issues to be taken care of: <ul><li>research vs. teaching </li></ul><ul><li>courses </li></ul><ul><li>ECTS </li></ul><ul><li>duration </li></ul><ul><li>full-time vs. part-time </li></ul><ul><li>enrollment criteria </li></ul><ul><li>quality (publishing, completion, mentoring system) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ad 1) research vs. teaching <ul><li>should be a focus </li></ul><ul><li>different levels </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>formal, informal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>level/quality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Ad 2) courses <ul><li>number </li></ul><ul><li>distribution over years </li></ul><ul><li>quality </li></ul><ul><li>specific vs. generic competences </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ad 3) ECTS <ul><li>how to distribute them? </li></ul><ul><li>to have them at all? </li></ul><ul><li>what are the arguments for ECTS? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ad 4 & 5) duration / full-time vs. part-time <ul><li>what is optimal time to obtain a doctorate </li></ul><ul><li>should doctoral candidates be both – full-time and part-time students </li></ul><ul><li>how to stimulate them to enroll and finish ASAP </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ad 7) quality (publishing, completion, mentoring system ) <ul><li>how to stimulate early publishing </li></ul><ul><li>how to have a good rate enrolled/completed </li></ul><ul><li>how to develop a good monitoring system </li></ul><ul><li>student evaluation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conferences and seminars on doctoral study programmes <ul><li>Maastricht, October 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Salzburg, February 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>London, September 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Vienna, June 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Sljeme, September 2006 (organized by the University of Zagrebu and The National Foundation for Science, Higher Education and Technological Development of the Republic of Croatia) </li></ul><ul><li>Brussels, October 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Nice, December 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Lousanne, June 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Paris, June 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>London, January 2009 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ten basic principles (Salzburg, February 2005 ) <ul><li>The core component of doctoral training is the advancement of knowledge through original research </li></ul><ul><li>Embedding in institutional strategies and policies </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral candidates as early stage researchers </li></ul><ul><li>The crucial role of supervision and assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving critical mass </li></ul><ul><li>Duration </li></ul><ul><li>The promotion of innovative structures </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring appropriate funding </li></ul>
  14. 14. EUA-CDE Launch Conference ( Lausanne, 1-3 June 2008 ) <ul><li>SOME OTHER ISSUES: </li></ul><ul><li>Demography and nature of the institution </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline-focused workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Range of careers, not just academic </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling and advising students </li></ul><ul><li>Gender issues </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul><ul><li>TOPICS AND ISSUES: </li></ul><ul><li>Supervision requirements and conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral/Graduate/Research School </li></ul><ul><li>Skills training </li></ul><ul><li>Quality control/evaluation and review </li></ul><ul><li>Student progress </li></ul><ul><li>Structured programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral candidate mobility and travel </li></ul><ul><li>Careers and personal development </li></ul>
  15. 15. U NICA – PhD meeting 2008 ( Paris , June 12 & 13, 2008 ) <ul><li>Goal: </li></ul><ul><li>To bring together a number of people responsible for the development and organisation of PhD programmes at UNICA universities, with the aim of establishing and promoting good practice by sharing views and experience. This meeting starts from the premise that we can learn from one another because there is substantial common ground between the UNICA universities, and that a lot of time can be saved by not reinventing the wheel. </li></ul><ul><li>Topics: </li></ul><ul><li>Success rate </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing European and international dimension. </li></ul><ul><li>Research training. </li></ul><ul><li>Postdoctoral opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>Business aspects </li></ul>
  16. 16. Postgraduate study application and evaluation procedure : <ul><li>Curriculum development. </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery of postgraduate study programme to the University of Zagreb (2 copies of study programme + electronic version of the programme sent to e-mail: [email_address] ). </li></ul><ul><li>Task force for the postgraduate programmes and doctoral thesis nominates the internal evaluators. Task force  reviews the evaluations and, if necessary, requires the opinion on remarks given by applicant of the study programme. </li></ul><ul><li>After positive evaluations, study programme is address to the Field Council sessions for discussion and dissenting. </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate brings the decision on initiation of the procedure for study programme acceptance based on the Field Council opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>University of Zagreb submit the study programme to the Ministry of science, education and sport (NVVO) for the valuation process. </li></ul><ul><li>Agency for Science and Higher Education sends to the University the study programme keyword for the application MOZVAG. </li></ul><ul><li>The University of Zagreb units must implement the study programme into the application MOZVAG for the valuation process. </li></ul><ul><li>After positive valuation of the study programme of the NVVO, the NVVO gives the recommendation to the Minister to accept the study programme. </li></ul><ul><li>Minister brings the final decision on the study programme acceptance and gives the accreditation. </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate informs on accreditations issued by the Ministry. </li></ul>
  17. 17. STRUKTURA STUDIJA
  18. 18. Facts and figures Challenges and obstacles
  19. 19. Projects Source: www.mzos.hr , http://projects.unizg.hr/projekti 190 986 2007 213 829 2006 182 851 2005 134 849 2004 Number of international projects Number of national projects Year
  20. 20. Mobility of doctoral students Source: Questionnaire, Doctoral students, University of Zagreb, January, 2008 (no=539) 285 254 Total 37 53 Natural sciences 131 66 Technical sciences 47 64 Social sciences and humanities 28 31 Biotechnical sciences 42 40 Biomedicine no yes Fields:
  21. 21. Number of doctoral students employed at the University of Zagreb 1601 2006/2007 1542 2005/2006 1587 2004/2005 1468 2003/2004 1355 2002/2003 Number of doctoral students employed at the University Year
  22. 22. Doctoral degrees – statistics (2007) Source: www.dsz.hr 466 365 13 22 34 1 31 Doctors of sciences 4,7 University of Split 100 Total 78,3 University of Zagreb 2,8 University of Zadar 7,3 University of Rijeka 0,2 University of Pula 6,7 University of Osijek % University:
  23. 23. Number of Doctorates defended in the year 2000 (per one million of people) Source: OECD
  24. 24. Opened questions and dilemmas and obstacles to be overcome <ul><li>Legal framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>new law s on higher education; research; university </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University Statute revision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University Codes of Conduct for Doctoral Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Structural issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of Doctoral Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring and supervision of doctoral candidates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linking Education – Research – Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opening University towards Society </li></ul></ul></ul>

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