Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium    Tony Smith        Asia-Pacific Kororoit Institute     Foresight  17 November 2012    Con...
Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium                    OPEN                            Source                            Stand...
Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium                    OPEN                    Source                    Standards            ...
Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium                    OPEN                    Source                    Standards            ...
Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium                                  http://www.kk.org/thetechnium/                      OPEN ...
Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium                                  http://www.kk.org/thetechnium/                      OPEN ...
Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium                                  http://www.kk.org/thetechnium/                      OPEN ...
What is the Technium?
What is the Technium?• It is the made world
What is the Technium?• It is the made world•   Not just our artifacts, structures, hardware
What is the Technium?• It is the made world•   Not just our artifacts, structures, hardware•   Equally our processes, syst...
What is the Technium?• It is the made world•   Not just our artifacts, structures, hardware•   Equally our processes, syst...
What is the Technium?• It is the made world•   Not just our artifacts, structures, hardware•   Equally our processes, syst...
Why Peer-to-Peer?
Why Peer-to-Peer?•   Challenge to management/leadership mythos
Why Peer-to-Peer?•   Challenge to management/leadership mythos•   Open Source Software (intrinsic validation)•   Open Stan...
Taking view from axis of history ofelectronic information technologies             • telegraphy             • broadcast me...
Media   InfoTechVannevar BushDoug Engelbart  Ted Nelson  Intermedia PICA System
Environ      Social        Media                   Banking                                           Industry   mental    ...
Environ      Social         Media                   Banking                                            Industry   mental  ...
Environ      Social         Media                       Banking                                            Industry   ment...
Environ            Social         Media                       Banking                                                  Ind...
Environ            Social             Media                            Banking                                            ...
In the monthssince this paperwas proposed,connectionsgrew betweenPeer-to-Peer andThe Technium,significantlyinfluenced byth...
In the monthssince this paperwas proposed,connectionsgrew betweenPeer-to-Peer andThe Technium,significantlyinfluenced byth...
In the monthssince this paperwas proposed,connectionsgrew betweenPeer-to-Peer andThe Technium,significantlyinfluenced byth...
In the monthssince this paperwas proposed,connectionsgrew betweenPeer-to-Peer andThe Technium,significantlyinfluenced byth...
In the monthssince this paperwas proposed,connectionsgrew betweenPeer-to-Peer andThe Technium,significantlyinfluenced byth...
In the months        Enter Mark Pescesince this paper          Archetypicalwas proposed,                Techniumconnection...
In the months        Enter Mark Pescesince this paper          Archetypicalwas proposed,                Techniumconnection...
In whatʼs left of 40 minutes  • Emergence/Systems/Complexity as guide  • The Technium   ‣ What is Technology?   ‣ Humanity...
Emergence/Systems/Complexity
Emergence/Systems/Complexity• More fundamental than physics• Synergy; feedback; supervenience; map-territory• Look to biol...
Emergence/Systems/Complexity • The terminology (silo) problem • Donella Meadows on Systems • Melanie Mitchell on Complexit...
• Kevin Kelly: What Technology Wants (2010)• Itʼs not just hardware + software ‣ itʼs also our organisations and our syste...
What is Technology?In 1992, working with educationalist Don Tinkler and futurist PeterEllyard to produce a Federal Governm...
This is one of those books that,after you’ve read it, you wonder  how you will ever be able to  hold relevant conversation...
Wars unendingApple v Tandy
Wars unendingApple v IBM
Wars unendingApple v Micro$oft
Wars unendingApple v Google
Wars unendingApple v Samsung
Wars unendingApple v Exxon
Apple v ExxonStruggles ongoing
4 pillars of Transhumanism        aka Humanity+  Life extension   Occupy Space Aubrey de Grey    Keith Henson Nanotechnolo...
InterlewdSwitching from The Technium back to Peer-to-Peer
Peer-to-Peer / OPEN• Internet Engineering Task Force RFC ‣   Request for comment: governance by peer consent• Open Source ...
Open Source Software• Transparent, auditable, verifiable• Maintainability, extensibility, repositories ‣   Reduced obligati...
Extending the model
Extending the model• Open Standards
Extending the model• Open Standards ‣   Licensing wars; XMLʼs long and circuitous history
Extending the model• Open Standards ‣   Licensing wars; XMLʼs long and circuitous history• Open Data, Govt. stats, Public ...
Indefensible business models (Though lens of emergence/systems/complexity)• Property begets a rentier class• Defend & grow...
Occupy Everything• Anonymity, trolls, flamewars ‣   neither ability to maintain nor need for secrecy,     but for societyʼs...
Back in our shared worldP2P Foundation’s Michel Bauwens increasingly Tweeted aboutco-operatives in the same time period th...
Co-working Spaces
Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNE
Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNEHeritage Repurposed
Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old lift
Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old liftTechnology-enabled
Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old liftTechnology-enabled
Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old liftTechnology-enabledSocial Impact Professionals
Co-working Spaces HUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old liftTechnology-enabledSocial Impact ProfessionalsBusy...
Co-working Spaces HUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old liftTechnology-enabledSocial Impact ProfessionalsBusy...
HUBʼs Green Room
HUBʼs Green RoomWednesdayʼs venue forShareable Aust. launch
The Interwebs
The Interwebsdisintermediation
Stigmergic Collaboration• Coördination Coöperation Collaboration ‣   Collabforgeʼs Mark Elliottʼs 2007 dissertation     ex...
To the Future, Together• Joe expounded the Big context last night• Our incomparably self-indulgent lives ‣   Saltheʼs maxi...
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Towards a Peer-to-peer Technium

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Presentation made to Asia-Pacific Foresight Conference in Perth, WA, November 2012. Explores commercial and social consequences of ongoing IT development and how they may be starting to reconverge.

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Towards a Peer-to-peer Technium

  1. 1. Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium Tony Smith Asia-Pacific Kororoit Institute Foresight 17 November 2012 Conference
  2. 2. Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium OPEN Source Standards Data more Michel Bauwens Co-founder and Digital Curator Tony Smith Asia-Pacific Kororoit Institute Foresight 17 November 2012 Conference
  3. 3. Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium OPEN Source Standards Data more Michel Bauwens Co-founder and Digital Curator Tony Smith Asia-Pacific Kororoit Institute Foresight 17 November 2012 Conference
  4. 4. Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium OPEN Source Standards Data more Michel Bauwens Co-founder and But what is Digital Curator technology? Tony Smith Asia-Pacific Kororoit Institute Foresight 17 November 2012 Conference
  5. 5. Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium http://www.kk.org/thetechnium/ OPEN Source Standards Data more Michel Bauwens Co-founder and But what is Digital Curator technology?http://p2pfoundation.net/ Tony Smith Asia-Pacific Kororoit Institute Foresight 17 November 2012 Conference
  6. 6. Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium http://www.kk.org/thetechnium/ OPEN Source Standards Data more Michel Bauwens Co-founder and But what is Digital Curator technology?http://p2pfoundation.net/ Tony Smith Asia-Pacific Kororoit Institute Foresight 17 November 2012 Conference
  7. 7. Towards a Peer-to-Peer Technium http://www.kk.org/thetechnium/ OPEN Source Standards Data more Michel Bauwens Co-founder and But what is Digital Curator technology?http://p2pfoundation.net/ Tony Smith Asia-Pacific Kororoit Institute Foresight 17 November 2012 Conference
  8. 8. What is the Technium?
  9. 9. What is the Technium?• It is the made world
  10. 10. What is the Technium?• It is the made world• Not just our artifacts, structures, hardware
  11. 11. What is the Technium?• It is the made world• Not just our artifacts, structures, hardware• Equally our processes, systems, information
  12. 12. What is the Technium?• It is the made world• Not just our artifacts, structures, hardware• Equally our processes, systems, information• It is not (the rest of) the social world
  13. 13. What is the Technium?• It is the made world• Not just our artifacts, structures, hardware• Equally our processes, systems, information• It is not (the rest of) the social world• Nor is it (the rest of) the natural world• It is disproportionately correlated with the measured economy• And a disproportionate share of that economy is devoted to servicing the Technium, rather than human community needs, let alone nature
  14. 14. Why Peer-to-Peer?
  15. 15. Why Peer-to-Peer?• Challenge to management/leadership mythos
  16. 16. Why Peer-to-Peer?• Challenge to management/leadership mythos• Open Source Software (intrinsic validation)• Open Standards (non-discriminatory licensing)• Open Data (especially government data)• Open Access (reviving academic tradition)• Community, Commons, Co-working• Distributed File Sharing, Pirate Party, Occupy• Alternate notions of value and wealth
  17. 17. Taking view from axis of history ofelectronic information technologies • telegraphy • broadcast media • mainframe computers • personal computers • the internet • world wide web • social media • mobile apps
  18. 18. Media InfoTechVannevar BushDoug Engelbart Ted Nelson Intermedia PICA System
  19. 19. Environ Social Media Banking Industry mental Justice InfoTech Finance Vannevar Bush Community Memory Doug Engelbart Ted Nelson Whole Earth Catalog Intermedia PICA SystemStewart Brand Kevin Kelly*
  20. 20. Environ Social Media Banking Industry mental Justice InfoTech Finance Vannevar Bush Community Memory Doug Engelbart Ted Nelson Whole Earth Catalog Intermedia PICA SystemStewart Brand Kevin Kelly* The Well/BBS The Internet World Wide Web WIRED*
  21. 21. Environ Social Media Banking Industry mental Justice InfoTech Finance Vannevar Bush Doug Engelbart Commercial Community Memory data processing Ted Nelson Whole Earth Catalog Intermedia as amplifier PICA SystemStewart Brand Census Kevin Kelly* Credit Cards The Well/BBS Proprietary Security The Internet Surveillance The Technium* World Wide Web eCommerce Cloud Hosting WIRED* Apps
  22. 22. Environ Social Media Banking Industry mental Justice InfoTech Finance Vannevar Bush Doug Engelbart Commercial Community Memory data processing Ted Nelson Whole Earth Catalog Intermedia as amplifier PICA SystemStewart Brand Census Kevin Kelly* Credit CardsRequest For Comment The Well/BBS Proprietary Open Source Security Copyleft Peer-to-Peer The Internet Surveillance The Technium* Digital Commons Pirate Party World Wide Web eCommerce Cloud Hosting Occupy WIRED* Apps
  23. 23. Environ Social Media Banking Industry mental Justice InfoTech Finance Vannevar Bush Doug Engelbart Commercial Community Memory data processing Ted Nelson Whole Earth Catalog Intermedia as amplifier PICA System EntrepreneurshipStewart Brand Census Employment / Consumption Kevin Kelly* Credit Cards The Arms of GovernmentRequest For Comment The Well/BBS Proprietary Open Source Security Copyleft Peer-to-Peer The Internet Surveillance The Technium* Digital Commons Pirate Party World Wide Web eCommerce Cloud Hosting Occupy WIRED* Apps
  24. 24. In the monthssince this paperwas proposed,connectionsgrew betweenPeer-to-Peer andThe Technium,significantlyinfluenced bythe communitysurroundingHubMelbourne,includingMichel Bauwens’September visit.
  25. 25. In the monthssince this paperwas proposed,connectionsgrew betweenPeer-to-Peer andThe Technium,significantlyinfluenced bythe communitysurroundingHubMelbourne,includingMichel Bauwens’September visit.
  26. 26. In the monthssince this paperwas proposed,connectionsgrew betweenPeer-to-Peer andThe Technium,significantlyinfluenced bythe communitysurroundingHubMelbourne,includingMichel Bauwens’September visit.
  27. 27. In the monthssince this paperwas proposed,connectionsgrew betweenPeer-to-Peer andThe Technium,significantlyinfluenced bythe communitysurroundingHubMelbourne,includingMichel Bauwens’September visit.
  28. 28. In the monthssince this paperwas proposed,connectionsgrew betweenPeer-to-Peer andThe Technium,significantlyinfluenced bythe communitysurroundingHubMelbourne,includingMichel Bauwens’September visit.
  29. 29. In the months Enter Mark Pescesince this paper Archetypicalwas proposed, Techniumconnections Flown under mygrew between radar untilPeer-to-Peer and Melbourne 2012The Technium, Singularity Summitsignificantly Inventor of VRMLinfluenced by Now an Australianthe community Judge onsurrounding The New InventorsHubMelbourne, Proponent ofincluding KickStarter projectMichel Bauwens’ MooresCloud lightSeptember visit. (LAMP lamp)
  30. 30. In the months Enter Mark Pescesince this paper Archetypicalwas proposed, Techniumconnections Flown under mygrew between radar untilPeer-to-Peer and Melbourne 2012The Technium, Singularity Summitsignificantly Inventor of VRMLinfluenced by Now an Australianthe community Judge onsurrounding The New InventorsHubMelbourne, Proponent ofincluding KickStarter projectMichel Bauwens’ MooresCloud lightSeptember visit. (LAMP lamp)
  31. 31. In whatʼs left of 40 minutes • Emergence/Systems/Complexity as guide • The Technium ‣ What is Technology? ‣ Humanity Plus • Peer-to-Peer/OPEN ‣ Coordination, Cooperation, Collaboration ‣ Social Impact Professional • A long way to go if we get it right
  32. 32. Emergence/Systems/Complexity
  33. 33. Emergence/Systems/Complexity• More fundamental than physics• Synergy; feedback; supervenience; map-territory• Look to biology for exemplars; value diversity• Dissipative systems, ref. Stan Salthe• Kevin Kelly again: Out of Control (1993)• Life, the Universe and Everything? ‣ Exploring Possibilities, ref. Cantor, Gödel• What should we be doing? ‣ Exploring Possibilities; without limiting others
  34. 34. Emergence/Systems/Complexity • The terminology (silo) problem • Donella Meadows on Systems • Melanie Mitchell on Complexity • Ilya Prigogine and Robert Laughlin on emergence in condensed matter • Ralph Stacey on organisations • Bill Hall on knowledge management • Gradient dissipation in flow of words • Biology still the elephant in the room
  35. 35. • Kevin Kelly: What Technology Wants (2010)• Itʼs not just hardware + software ‣ itʼs also our organisations and our systems• Economy serves The Technium more than us• Cities designed for cars rather than humans• Leaving an arguably unhealthy dependency• Words are cheap, forming a gradient flow ‣ which self-justifying institutions dissipate
  36. 36. What is Technology?In 1992, working with educationalist Don Tinkler and futurist PeterEllyard to produce a Federal Government report on the Effectivenessand Potential of State-of-the-Art Technologies in the Delivery ofHigher Education, we set out to survey technology vendors.H.B. Selby Australia Limited had been a leading supplier of scientificand especially chemical equipment, with Higher Ed a big market, yetresponded that they did not consider themselves a supplier oftechnologies to education.This was a year before release of Marc Andreessen’s Mosaic graphicalWorld Wide Web browser and Al Gore’s information superhighwaybeing quoted in the New York Times, yet gave a clear message thateducation technology had come to mean information technology.Twenty years on, developing Maker and DIY Bio communities mayindicate a swing back. The map is not the territory.
  37. 37. This is one of those books that,after you’ve read it, you wonder how you will ever be able to hold relevant conversations with those who haven’t yet.
  38. 38. Wars unendingApple v Tandy
  39. 39. Wars unendingApple v IBM
  40. 40. Wars unendingApple v Micro$oft
  41. 41. Wars unendingApple v Google
  42. 42. Wars unendingApple v Samsung
  43. 43. Wars unendingApple v Exxon
  44. 44. Apple v ExxonStruggles ongoing
  45. 45. 4 pillars of Transhumanism aka Humanity+ Life extension Occupy Space Aubrey de Grey Keith Henson Nanotechnology Artificial K Eric Drexler Intelligence Humans as transitional
  46. 46. InterlewdSwitching from The Technium back to Peer-to-Peer
  47. 47. Peer-to-Peer / OPEN• Internet Engineering Task Force RFC ‣ Request for comment: governance by peer consent• Open Source Software as core & model ‣ Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl/Python, equivs & more ‣ Intrinsic valuation criteria: has to work & be useful• Open anything and everything• “Information wants to be free” ‣ Redressing recent bloat of “intellectual property” ‣ Licensing, Copyleft, Digital Commons• Peer-to-Peer: natural internet distribution
  48. 48. Open Source Software• Transparent, auditable, verifiable• Maintainability, extensibility, repositories ‣ Reduced obligation on founders ‣ Foundations in lieu: Apache, Perl, Mozilla (Firefox)• Repurposing: forking, merging• Version control: CVS, Subversion, GIT• Problem reporting and tracking ‣ Bugzilla, Request Tracker• Long tail project mgmt: SourceForge
  49. 49. Extending the model
  50. 50. Extending the model• Open Standards
  51. 51. Extending the model• Open Standards ‣ Licensing wars; XMLʼs long and circuitous history
  52. 52. Extending the model• Open Standards ‣ Licensing wars; XMLʼs long and circuitous history• Open Data, Govt. stats, Public Transport• Open Access to academic research• Maker (Open Hardware), DIYBio• As way of life / business ‣ crowd funding: KickStarter, Pozzible ‣ micro tasking: Airbnb, Shareable• Revisiting (tragedy of) the Commons
  53. 53. Indefensible business models (Though lens of emergence/systems/complexity)• Property begets a rentier class• Defend & grow your business model ‣ whether or not there is any fun in it• Cultivate dependencies ‣ the overly $impli$tic come to dominate• Invent intellectual property• Prosperous times beget middle men ‣ creating v adding value, defend first
  54. 54. Occupy Everything• Anonymity, trolls, flamewars ‣ neither ability to maintain nor need for secrecy, but for societyʼs rampant censoriousness• Peer-to-peer file sharingʼs many uses ‣ over?reaction of copyright licensing intermediaries• Pirate (political) parties gaining traction• Occupy Wall Street as contagion ‣ urban growth constraints, esp. sans favelas• White collar, paternalist commentariat
  55. 55. Back in our shared worldP2P Foundation’s Michel Bauwens increasingly Tweeted aboutco-operatives in the same time period the Basque Mondragonfederation of co-operatives was receiving wider attention.Since the baseless triumphalism of Wall Street destroyed muchof living memory, the white collar urban commentariat hasdeveloped amnesia with respect to what had been a long legalcolonisation of more democratic business ownership models.Even as recently as 1992, Clever Country Coöperative soundedlike a really good idea but, after one consultancy for the KeatingGovernment had pre-occupied half our membership, the groupas a whole failed to complete its first reporting obligation cycle.As cracks in the still oft presumed only business model widen, itis time to look at a round of remutualisation alongside a new setof legal fictions to legitimise more natural forms of virtualorganisation for crowd funding, micro tasking and lots more.
  56. 56. Co-working Spaces
  57. 57. Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNE
  58. 58. Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNEHeritage Repurposed
  59. 59. Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old lift
  60. 60. Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old liftTechnology-enabled
  61. 61. Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old liftTechnology-enabled
  62. 62. Co-working SpacesHUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old liftTechnology-enabledSocial Impact Professionals
  63. 63. Co-working Spaces HUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old liftTechnology-enabledSocial Impact ProfessionalsBusy event calendar
  64. 64. Co-working Spaces HUB MELBOURNEHeritage RepurposedUp 3 flights or old liftTechnology-enabledSocial Impact ProfessionalsBusy event calendar
  65. 65. HUBʼs Green Room
  66. 66. HUBʼs Green RoomWednesdayʼs venue forShareable Aust. launch
  67. 67. The Interwebs
  68. 68. The Interwebsdisintermediation
  69. 69. Stigmergic Collaboration• Coördination Coöperation Collaboration ‣ Collabforgeʼs Mark Elliottʼs 2007 dissertation expounds their root word differentiation• Stigmergy as divergent/exploratory ‣ c.f. synergy, emergence, goal-directed• Wikipedia as exemplar of target medium ‣ from perspective of musical group performance• From eusocial insects to cities ‣ urban and environmental planning, public transport
  70. 70. To the Future, Together• Joe expounded the Big context last night• Our incomparably self-indulgent lives ‣ Saltheʼs maximum entropy production principle• Intelligence in isolation vastly overrated• Trade federation might deliver anything• Creative tensions and synergies ‣ without seeing it, could not anticipate what a proton and electron might achieve by getting together• Techno power with sharing caring ethic

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