Lecture Metro/Urban Growth

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Chapter 12

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Lecture Metro/Urban Growth

  1. 1. Chapter 1Metropolitics
  2. 2. Metropolitan areas• “Missing” level of government• Coordination of local efforts• Better reflect economic and social geographies – Highly integrated areas
  3. 3. Regional governments• Metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs)• Megalopolis• Edgeless cities
  4. 4. Metropolitan development• Sprawl - Low-density development – Zoning laws • Single use zoning – Leapfrog development – Car dependency – Unplanned land use
  5. 5. Sprawl and racial and economic segregation• Disparate tax bases• Concentrated wealth• Disparities in public service delivery
  6. 6. Reforming metropolitan growth, part I• Regional governments• Urban growth boundary
  7. 7. Reforming metropolitan growth, part II• Regional councils• Metropolitan planning organizations – Smart growth• Interjurisdictional agreements
  8. 8. Reforming metropolitan growth, part III• Government consolidation – City-county consolidation• Annexation
  9. 9. The case against reform• Gentrification – Advantages – Disadvantages
  10. 10. Public choice model of politics• Market intervention• Competing jurisdictions
  11. 11. The Tiebout model• Perfect information• Perfect mobility – “Vote with your feet”
  12. 12. Rural metropolitics• Rural flight• Consolidation of services and government
  13. 13. Conclusion• The missing level of government• Addressing concerns over government consolidation

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