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Aquaculture for food and nutrition security in Timor-Leste: Challenges and opportunities
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Aquaculture for food and nutrition security in Timor-Leste: Challenges and opportunities

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WorldFish Senior Aquaculture Scientist, Jharendu Pant, presents 'Aquaculture for food and nutrition security in Timor Leste: Chellenges and Opportunities', at a national workshop which discussed …

WorldFish Senior Aquaculture Scientist, Jharendu Pant, presents 'Aquaculture for food and nutrition security in Timor Leste: Chellenges and Opportunities', at a national workshop which discussed ‘Aquaculture for Food Security and Nutrition’. Held on 5 March, the workshop provided a platform for international and national experts to analyze the current and potential contribution of aquaculture to food security and the reduction of malnutrition in Timor-Leste. Combating poverty and malnutrition is the foremost priority of the Government of Timor-Leste, who together with the European Commission Food Security Coordination Group convened the workshop.

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  • 1. Jharendu Pant, Julio da Cruz andShakuntala Thilsted5 March 2013, Dili, Timor-Leste
  • 2. Outline:1. Fish and human nutrition & health: 1.1 fish in diet – why? 1.2 why focus on women and young children?2. The Challenge: Combating poverty and malnutrition3. Aquaculture development strategy: Where we are? 3.1 preparation process 3.2 key elements 3.3 implementation
  • 3. 1. Fish and Human Nutrition & Health1.1 Fish in diet – why? irreplaceable animal-source food: – rich source of multiple nutrients – animal protein (all fish) – essential fats (eg Omega-3 fatty acids – some marine &freshwater fish) – small fish – eaten whole (with head, bones, viscera ) rich in essential micronutrients; e.g. Vitamin A, Iron, Zinc, Calcium (with high bioavailability) – enhances bioavailability of Iron and Zinc from ALL foods in the meal
  • 4. 1.2 Why focus on women and children? – first 1000 days of life: • 9 months : pregnancy • 0-6 months: lactation (exclusive breastfeeding) • 6-24 months: complementary feeding + breastfeeding – good nutrition on first 1000 days: window of opportunity: • brain development / better cognitive power • learning and school performance • work performance • immunity against diseases • individual and national development
  • 5. 2. The Challenge: Combating poverty and malnutrition• around half of the children in the Timor-Leste are deprived of diet with balanced nutrition• malnutrition among children under 5 years estimated as: – Underweight: 45% – Stunted: 54% – Wasting: 25% (WFP, 2010) 5
  • 6. The challenge… – carbohydrate as major calories source (maize, rice, cassava, taro, yam, banana…) – animal source food eaten only occasionally: • Beef and pork – very expensive; only for special occasions • Chicken – also an expensive item • Fish – relatively expensive but limited availability in the uplands 6
  • 7. The challenge…• per capita annual fish consumption: – Timor-Leste: 6.1 kg (RFLP/FAO 2011) – Global average: 17.8 kg (FAO, 2012) [Timor-Leste Strategic Development Plan (2011-2030) aims at achieving the goal of ‘FOOD SECURITY BY 2020’] 7
  • 8. The challenge…• Per capita fish consumption target? – To reach closer to Global average, TL needs a fish supply of: 30,000 t by 2030 – Current fish annual supply: • capture fisheries: 3,200 t (FAO, 2007) • aquaculture: 46t (NDFA, 2010) 8
  • 9. The challenge…• Challenge: bridging future fish demand-supply gap• a coordinated approach vital to realizing the goal of achieving food and nutrition security (Comoro Declaration, 2010) 9
  • 10. 3. National aquaculture strategy (2012 -2030):Where we are? 3.1 Preparation process: • NDFA – WorldFish meeting in November 2010 emphasized the need for a National Aquaculture Development Strategy • a Framework for the strategy development prepared • process supported by WorldFish, RFLP/FAO and CTSP 10
  • 11. preparation process… • analyses of current situation of aquaculture in Timor- Leste • review of secondary data/information (review of key policy/strategy documents) • field visits and consultations with local stakeholders: – East: Manatuto, Baucau, Viqueque, – South: Aileu and Manufahi – West: Liquica, Ermera, Bobonaro 11
  • 12. preparation process… • stakeholders‘ Consultations in Dili (for drafting of strategy) – DFOs, farmers and Farmers’ groups, Hatchery officers – Line Government Ministries/ Departments; I/NGOs; Development Partners • final draft presented to the stakeholders in Dili (February 2012) • adopted as interim strategy document by MAF • presently in process of getting approval by the Government 12
  • 13. 3.2 Timor-Leste aquaculture development strategy: Key elements
  • 14. Key elements.. Goal: contribute to food and income through expansion and intensification of aquaculture Guiding principles: – Aquaculture development in Timor-Leste is centered on the country’s goal of addressing the problem of chronic food insecurity and malnutrition; – The National Aquaculture Development Strategy is in harmony with the Timor- Leste Strategic Development Plan (2011-2030), and will be implemented in three phases: short (2012-2015); medium (2016 – 2020) and long term (2021 - 2030) – Development of sustainable aquaculture will be through an ecosystem approach, taking account technical, social, economic and environmental aspects – The strategy envisions a coordinated approach with joint ventures between the government, local communities, International/National Non-governmental Organizations (I/NGOs), the private sector, and development partners being critical components to realize success.• 14
  • 15. impact area and indicators Impact area Indicators (by 2030) Food 12,000 t from aquaculture Consumption 15 kg/capita/year Households 40,000 Nutrition Fish in diets Governance Institutional capacity for management and development
  • 16. • major outcome areas1) identification of suitable agro- ecological zones for aquaculture development2) aquaculture yields improved in existing and new ponds3) NDFA institutional capacity4) sustainable supply of inputs (seed, feed)5) aquaculture product markets functioning
  • 17. Major outcome areas contd… 6) aquaculture contributes to improving food and nutrition security 7) functioning partnerships between GOs/NGOs, communities, the private sector and donors 8) aquaculture farmers’ groups and cooperatives 9) policy environment suited to aquaculture
  • 18. 3.3 Implementation: supporting NDFA to implement the strategy vital: • Need for a strong partnerships: (government, donors, I/NGOs, private sectors, producers)
  • 19. – implementation of strategy – priority MAF– New Zealand funding support (upcoming) for implementation of strategy: • inception & implementation phases • NDFA, WorldFish, NIWA as major partners • Other partners (I/NGOs)– growing interest among I/NGOs – aquaculture as livelihood diversification options 19
  • 20. – private sectors’ interests– rapidly developing infrastructure & services– buoyant market • School meal programs • Supplementary feeding programs (women & children) • Household food and nutrition security • Local and Dili market 20
  • 21. 21
  • 22. Contact: Julio da Cruz National Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Dili, Timor- Leste dacruz.julio@yahoo.com Jharendu Pant WorldFish, Penang Malaysia j.pant@cgiar.org 22

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