The name Kashmiris derived from two words- ka (the water)- and shimeera (to desiccate),so the word Kashmir implies land desiccated from water
We shall not cease from explorationand the end of all our exploring will be to arrivewhere we started…and know the place for the first timeT S Eliot, poet, playwright, critic
GeographyJammu and Kashmir is home to severalvalleys such as the Kashmir Valley, TawiValley, Chenab Valley, Poonch Valley,Sind Valley and Lidder Valley. The mainKashmir valley is 100 km (62 mi) wide and15,520.3 km2 (5,992.4 sq mi) in area. TheHimalayas divide the Kashmir valley fromLadakh while the Pir Panjal range, whichencloses the valley from the west and thesouth, separates it from the Great Plains ofnorthern India.
Along the northeastern flank of the Valleyruns the main range of the Himalayas. Thisdensely settled and beautiful valley has anaverage height of 1,850 metres (6,070 ft)above sea-level but the surrounding PirPanjal range has an average elevation of5,000 metres (16,000 ft).The Jhelum River is the only major Himalayanriver which flows through the Kashmir valley.The Indus, Tawi, Ravi and Chenab are themajor rivers flowing through the state. Jammuand Kashmir is home to several Himalayanglaciers. With an average altitude of 5,753metres (18,875 ft) above sea-level, theSiachen Glacier is 70 km (43 mi) long makingit the longest Himalayan glacier.
The climate of Jammu and Kashmir variesgreatly owing to its rugged topography. Inthe south around Jammu, the climate istypically monsoonal, though the region issufficiently far west to average 40 to 50 mm(1.6 to 2 inches) of rain per months betweenJanuary and March. In the hot season,Jammu city is very hot and can reach up to40 °C (104 °F) whilst in July and August,very heavy though erratic rainfall occurs withmonthly extremes of up to 650 millimetres(25.5 inches). In September, rainfalldeclines, and by October conditions are hotbut extremely dry, with minimal rainfall andtemperatures of around 29 °C (84 °F).
Across from the Pir Panjal range, the South Asian monsoon is no longera factor and most precipitation falls in the spring from southwestcloudbands. Because of its closeness to the Arabian Sea, Srinagarreceives as much as 25 inches (635 millimetres) of rain from this source,with the wettest months being March to May with around 85 millimetres(3.3 inches) per month. Across from the main Himalaya Range, even thesouthwest cloudbands break up and the climate of Ladakh and Zanskaris extremely dry and cold. Annual precipitation is only around 100 mm (4inches) per year and humidity is very low. This region, almost all above3,000 metres (9,750 ft) above sea level and winters are extremely cold.In Zanskar, the average January temperature is -20 °C (-4 °F) withextremes as low as -40 °C (-40 °F). All the rivers freeze over and localsactually do river crossings during this period because their high levelsfrom glacier melt in summer inhibits crossing. In summer in Ladakh andZanskar, days are typically a warm 20 °C (68 °F) but with the lowhumidity and thin air nights can still be cold.
Historical Vedic Civilization extended muchover northern India, Pakistan,Afghanistan Since ancient times, Kashmir hasbeen part of the Himalayan region ofBharatvarsha Finds mentions also in Mahabharata Kashmir is also the birthplace ofShaivism, Shiv Sutra revealed by LordShiva to sage Vasuguptacharya, andPanini, the famous Sanskritgrammarian Till 11th century, Kashmir wasimportant part of the powerful Hindumonarchs whose kingdoms spannedtill Central Asia Important centre also in the Buddhistera
Historical (2)Invasion, Conversion, Ousting out owners After Taxila and Nalanda, Kashmir also wasimportant center for profound Hindu cultureand Sanskrit studies Invading Islam / Turkish zealots destroyed itslibraries Islam zealots 1st invaded Kashmir in 12thcentury (1322) by Turkish Zulakdur Khan 2nd Turkish invasion (1394) by SikanderButshikhan made Islam the state religion byenforced mass conversions King Akbar one of India’s leading Muslimruler is known to have thrown out HinduKashmir Pandits, owners of Kashmir Since then millions of Kashmiri Pandits havebeen thrown out of their homeland In 21st century, Islam zealots have continuedthis terrorizing tradition
PoliticalDisasters of history are the result of governmentsfolly and perverse persistence in pursuing the policiescontrary to national interests.- Barbara W. TuchmanAmerican historian and author of The March of Folly
Political Desperately searching for its identity,Kashmir must realize, it was and is verymuch part of prosperous India India is a successful democracyafter six decades of good politics;Pakistan still undeveloped withalmost five decades ofdictatorship Radidcal Islam has more politicalideology that has since centuriespreached violence Centuries of invasions, brutal, enforcedconversions has high Muslim populationin Kashmir Pakistan was carved out from largehearted India for the benefit of Muslims Fathers of Independent India thenthought Muslims will be happy withtheir own country Pakistan has instead unleashedpolitics of hate, snatched landfrom Kashmir, unleashed terroracross the world and even set upterror camps across line of control
Political - 2 India has been forced to fightfour avoidable wars onwrongs committed 60 yearsago by politicians of bothIndia and Pakistan Muslim-favoring Nehru waswrong in taking the Kashmirissue to UN even when thethen Hindu Ruler Hari Singhhad agreed to join theIndependent India Pakistan supported sloganmongers, secessionists havewrongly hyped `Kashmiriat’ Removal of wrongly imposedSection 370 will help returnKashmir Pandits into Kashmirand allow all Indians to ownland in Kashmir as it is acrossIndia This will help Kashmirdevelop faster with morenumber of industries in theState
Economic Reasons Kashmir was always known asheaven on earth In 2008, it is shimmering underthe Islam fanatics Democratic India hasprogressed well and now anemerging economic power Pakistan’s governed largely bydicatators, religious-zealots isfiscally imprudent,mismanaged,considered poor India’s GDP pie in 2008 is over$1 trillion ($650 billion in2004) Pakistan’s economy is barely1/10th of India With its 172.8 millionpopulation, Pakistan’s GDP wasestimated at around $140 bn in2007
Economic Reasons – 2 India’s GDP growth close to 10%, Pakistan’s GDPgrowth hovers around 6% India has strong social sector; Pakistan just out ofthe clutches of dictators has barely managed toinitiate financing its social sector Urban wages in India go up to even Rs 5,000-6,000 per day; in Pakistan, urban wages in 2007were said to be around Rs 300-400! Afghan refugees – over three million – stillburden Pakistan’s economy Kashmir’s economy for over a decade is inshambles because of Pakistan-supported fanatics Slow developing, small and poor Pakistan wouldhardly be able to support Kashmir’s soft industrieslike tourism, art and artifacts, agriculture (to someextent) Kashmiris will benefit more and progress fast ifthey are with Prosperous India than withunstable Pakistan
Religious Freedom Belief in pantheism and restrainedmodernism are at the basis of bothSanatana Hinduism and Islam Large number of Kashmiris areoriginally Hindus who wereforcefully converted into becomingMuslims Large-hearted, poly-theistic Indiaoffers more freedom and benefitsalso to Muslims who haveprospered faster in India than inPakistan Centuries old India’s SanatanaHinduism is the most tolerant,conducive & progressive of allother faiths India’s poly-theism has also helpedcross section of religious followersto freely follow their religion
Religious Freedom - 2 Islam’s mono-theistic, violence-preaching political ideology hasovershadowed good, God-fearing and loving aspects about Islam The 1400-years old Islam religion is the world’s most severe,intolerant of all faiths Islam’s strict mono-theism has emerged as the most frightening of allreligions Muslims across the world find India the best place to follow theirreligion World’s largest Muslim population is in India
Kashmiris…Understand and chose what’s best in yourinterestfor a progressive and prosperous future
Namaste…Namaste… and join us fast for a peaceful and prosperous world