Location country located in the mountainous region adjoining Central Asia and the Middle East. Has a 1,046 kilometer (650 mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south, and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, the Republic of India in the east and the Peoples Republic of China in the far northeast.[ Pakistan has been called part of the New Middle East.
Capital- IslamabadLargest city- KarachiCurrency- Pakistani RupeeThe estimated population of Pakistan is172,800,000. making it the worlds sixth most-populous country, behind Brazil and ahead ofRussia.
Geography Pakistan covers 340,403 square miles (881,640 km2) Apart from the 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) Arabian Sea coastline, Pakistans land borders total 6,774 kilometres— 2,430 kilometres (1,509 mi) with Afghanistan to the NW 523 kilometres (325 mi) with China to the NE, 2,912 kilometres (1,809 mi) with India to the E and 909 kilometres (565 mi) with Iran to the SW
The northern and western highlandsof Pakistan contain the toweringKarakoram and Pamir mountainranges, which include some of theworlds highest peaks: K2 (28,250 ft;8,611 m) and Nanga Parbat (26,660ft; 8,126 m).
The Baluchistan Plateau lies to thewest, and the Thar Desert and anexpanse of alluvial plains, the Punjaband Sind, lie to the east.The 1,000-mile-long (1,609-km) IndusRiver and its tributaries flow throughthe country from the Kashmir regionto the Arabian
Languages multilingual country English is the official language Urdu is the national language. Punjabi is the most commonly spoken language of Pakistan. The following are major languages spoken in Pakistan
Language The following are major languages spoken in Pakistan: Punjabi (Panjabi) 61 million Pashto (three major varieties) 19 million Sindhi 19 million Seraiki (Saraiki) 14 million Urdu 11 million Balochi (three major varieties) 6 million
Religion second-most populous Muslim- majority country also has the second-largest Shia population in the world. About 95% of the Pakistanis are Muslim. Almost 85% of Pakistani Muslims are Sunni Muslims and 15% are Shia Muslims
Religion The Religious breakup of the country is as follows: Islam 173,000,000 (95%) (nearly 85% are Sunni Muslims and 15% are Shia Muslims). Hinduism 3,200,000 (1.85%) Christianity 2,800,000 (1.6%) Sikhs Around 20,000 (0.04%)
Politics Pakistan politics has taken place in the framework of a federal republic system of government has at times been parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential. In the current semi-presidential system, the President of Pakistan is the head of state, the Prime Minister is head of government, and there is a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is largely vested in the Parliament.
Economy is the 26th largest economy in the world in terms of purchasing power, and the 47th largest in absolute dollar terms. Pakistans economy mainly encompasses textiles, chemicals, food processing, agriculture and other industries.
The economy has suffered in the pastfrom decades of internal politicaldisputes, a fast growing population,mixed levels of foreign investment,and a costly, ongoing confrontationwith neighboring India.
Climate Pakistan has four seasons: - a cool, dry winter from December through February; - a hot, dry spring from March through May - the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon period, from June through September; - the retreating monsoon period of October and November.Rainfall can vary radically from year to year, and successive patterns of flooding and drought are also not uncommon.
Traditional dress Salwar kameez (shalwar qameez) is the national dress of Pakistan. Salwars are loose trousers designed in various styles. The salwar kameez is important especially during the festivals celebrated in Pakistan, for men as well as women. Salwar kameez is also popular due to the comfort factor.
The kameez is large and loose fittingtunic worn with the baggy salwar.Although the sherwani originated inIndia during the 18th century, it is alsothe national dress for men inPakistan.
The achkan is yet another importantdress of Pakistan.An achkan is a long jacket, which alsooriginated in the 19th century in India.These are long sleeved coatsreaching all the way to the knees. Attimes, achkan can even go lower.
HEALTHAlternative therapies have beenutilized by people in Pakistan whohave faith in spiritual healers,clergymen, hakeems, homeopaths oreven many quackstraditional medicine sector hasbecome an important source of healthcare, especially in rural and tribalareas of the country
half the population (66%) lives in therural part of the countryPoverty, compounded by illiteracy,low status of women, and inadequatewater and sanitation facilities, has adeep impact on health indicatorstwo main divisions: the public domainand the private domain