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Conditionals 100819134225-phpapp01
 

Conditionals 100819134225-phpapp01

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    Conditionals 100819134225-phpapp01 Conditionals 100819134225-phpapp01 Presentation Transcript

    • by JFBS
    • Conditional Types First Type: Possible & Probable conditions Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Third Type: Impossible conditions
    • First Type: Possible & Probable conditions USE: -Para referirse a hechos posibles o probables en el futuro - Para hacer promesas y advertencias IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Simple Future Simple Present Imperative Can If you come I will be happy If you want to pass Study! If we buy a ticket We ................ (go) to the concert If she ..................... she will come with us (arrive) soon If they dance too much They ............................. (get) tired If you need my car .............................. (take) it
    • First Type: Possible & Probable conditions IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ........ (drink) a lot I .......... (leave) youIf the road ............ (be) wet ............(watch out) ! If he .......... (lose) his key You ................ (lend) him yoursIf she .............. (not buy) any We ................(have dinner) food If they ......... (not stop) We .......... (not finish) our talking lesson If you ....... (take) the dog for I ................ (give) you some a walk money
    • Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions USE: - Para referirse a situaciones presentes y futuras hipotéticas, es decir, imaginarias e improbables. IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Simple Past Would + root verb Could + root verb If she studied she would pass her controls If he ran he would catch the bus If I went to China I could be with him If I were ..................... ................................... .
    • Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ........ (drink) a lot I .......... (leave) youIf the road ............ (be) wet You ............(have) an accident If he .......... (lose) his key You ................ (lend) him yoursIf she .............. (not buy) any We ................(have dinner) food If they ......... (not stop) We .......... (not finish) our talking lesson If you ....... (take) the dog for I ................ (give) you some a walk money
    • Third Type: Impossible conditions USE: - Para referirse a hechos hipotéticos del pasado, es decir, a cosas que nunca sucedieron. IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Past Perfect Present Perfect Conditional (Would have + past participle) If it hadnt rained We would have gone to the country If she had studied She ............ (pass) her controlsIf you ................... (invite) They d have come to the party them If I had known it I .......................(arrive) earlierIf he............................. I d have seen him (phone)
    • Third Type: Impossible conditions IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE If you ........ (drink) a lot I .......... (leave) youIf the road ............ (be) wet You ............(have) an accident If he .......... (lose) his key You ................ (lend) him yoursIf she .............. (not buy) any We ................(have dinner) food If they ......... (not stop) We .......... (not finish) our talking lesson If you ....... (take) the dog for I ................ (give) you some a walk money
    • Other expressions used in conditional clauses:  1st Type: You wont finish the race unless you UNLESS control your effort. " Si no…" "A menos que..." 1st Type: "I will only tell my age on condition "ON CONDITION THAT" that you tell yours." "PROVIDING THAT" “I will only tell my age providing "SO LONG AS" that you tell yours” "AS LONG AS “I will only tell my age so long as "Siempre que, en tanto que, you tell yours”  con la condición de que,...etc. “I will only tell my age as long as Sólo si“ you tell yours” 2nd Type: “I wouldn’t buy a place even if I “EVEN IF” Se utiliza para were rich” dar énfaisis a la proposición condicional “aunque”
    •  Para transformar una frase en una oración condicional, debemos seguir estos pasos: Sentence: ◦ I arrived late because I missed the bus. ◦ If I…  1 Observa la frase original y decide cuál es la referencia temporal: pasado, presente o futuro. I arrived late… (pasado)  2 Decide qué tipo de condicional necesitas (de primer, segundo o tercer grado): algo que nunca sucedió (3er tipo)  3 Escoge la forma adecuada del verbo: I hadn’t missed; I wouldn’t have arrived.  4 Escribe la frase complete y compruébala para decir si necesitas hacer algún otro cambio: any – some. Corrige la puntuación.  Answer: If I hadn’t missed the bus, I wouldn’t have arrived late.
    • Sample rephrasingFirst Conditional:- Be careful – someone’s going to see you!- If you are careful, nobody will see you!- If + Subject + present simple, subject + future will (aff or neg)Second Conditional:-Kathy wants to go to the movies but doesnt have any money-If Kathy had some money, she would go to the movies.-If + Subject + past simple (neg or aff), subject + would /could/might + infinitive +complementsThird Conditional:-Tom was not going to come to dinner the next day because you insulted him.-If Tom hadn’t insulted him, he would have come to dinner.- If + Subject + past perfect (neg or aff), subject + would/ could/might + have + pp + C
    • Other samples- His book will be published provided he takes his manuscript to the editor.Unless he takes his manuscript to the editor, his book won’t be published.Unles + present simple, future simple (aff or neg)-I didnt have an umbrella with me and so I got wet.I wouldnt have got wet, if I had had an umbrella with me.-We dont go to school when it rainsIf it rains, we don’t go to school.-I didnt move the table because Jack didnt help me.If Jack had helped me, I would have moved the table.- You drink too much coffee, thats why you dont sleep.If you didn’t drank too much coffee, you would sleep.-You never talk to me, so you dont know anything about me.If you talked to me, you would know something about me.