Cowboy West Industrial East Cowboy west Industrial EastBy: Matthew J. Waid http://tinyurl.com/cfuad7g
http://tinyurl.com/c89jodz Chapter 13: red Chapter 14: blue Chapter 15: black Chapter 16: green 1855 1857 1862 Bessemer Process: Fredrick Law Olmsted: Homesteaders/Homestead Act: Developed by Henry in 1857 along with This act was passed in 1862 andBessemer and William Kelly Calvert Vaux he drew offered 160 acres of land toin 1855 it was a cheap and up plans for homesteaders (Settlers that efficient way for making “Greensward”, which moved West because of thesteel involving injecting air was selected to homestead Act). The Act wasinto molten iron to remove become NYC’s Central later strengthened and caused a the carbon and other Park. major land rush. impurities.
Samuel Gompers: Led the Cigar Makers’ international Union tohttp://tinyurl.com/brn7eky join with other craft unions in 1866. Was the president of the American Federation of Labor which focused on collective bargaining to reach agreements on wages, hours, and working conditions. 1864 1866 1867 Sand Creek Massacre: on Oliver Kelly/Grange: In 1867 1864 General S.R. Custer Buffalo Soldiers: he started the Patrons of told Colonel John Established by Congress Husbandry (grange) an Chivington he wanted the as the first peacetime all organization for farmers. Indians to suffer more. So black regiment in the Granges purpose was to on Nov. 29 1864 Chivington U.S. army on September provide a social outlet and an & his troops attacked the 21 1866. It was the 10th educational forum for isolated Cheyenne and killed over Cavalry regiment of the farm families. Grange gave rise 150 inhabitants, mostly U.S. to other organizations like women and children. farmers’ alliance.
http://tinyurl.com/cqwkvsz http://tinyurl.com/8vc8dwt 1868 1869 Tweed Ring/Tammany Transcontinental Railroad: A Hall/Boss Tweed: Tammy rail line that connected theHall was New Yorks powerful Pacific coast with the eastern Democratic political trunk rail line system. Made machine. Boss Tweed shipping able to thrive away became head of it in 1868 from water for the first time and led the Tweet Ring in since the beginning of the defrauding the city for nation. millions of tax dollars.
http://www.freeinfosociety.com/media.php?id=989 1870 John D. Rockefeller/Trust: A Kickback: Illegal payouts trust was an agreement from businesses to competing companies used to people in political take over complete control of machines for billing the their industries. John D. City for more service than Rockefeller used this to gain the business actually did. complete control of the oil industry in America.
http://tinyurl.com/racs8 http://tinyurl.com/cvcd8xr 1876 George Armstrong Custer/ The Thomas Alva Edison: Battle of Little Big Horn: A fight Established the worlds first Alexander Graham between the combined forces of research lab in Menlo Bell/Telephone: InventedLakota, Northern Cheyenne Arapaho Park, New Jersey in 1876. the Telephone with tribes against the 7th cavalry of the Here Edison perfected the Thomas Watson, the U.S. army led by George Armstrong light bulb and an entire Telephone opened the Custer. This battle was the most system of producing and way for a worldwideprominent action of the Great Sioux distributing electrical communication network. War. Custer and his forces were power. crushed within an hour.
http://www.romanticasheville. com/biltmore_house.htm 1877 Chief Joseph/Nez Pierce: Chief Gilded Age: TheVanderbilt Family: American Joseph succeeded his father as period that started family that dominated the leader of the Nez Pierce. In 1877 the in 1877 followingGilded Age. They are the 7th Nez Pierce were ordered to go to a the Civil War. A wealthiest family in history. reservation and refused to go. They time of majorBegan their wealth with the fled to Canada and fought the U.S. growth withshipping and railroad empire army along the way. After 5 days railroads as the of Cornelius Vanderbilt. they were beaten and only 431 major industry. remained.
http://tinyurl.com/cvmsr4b 1879 1880 1881 Sweat shop: A working Booker T. Washington: Wild Bill Hickok: Served environment considered He believed racism would as a scout and spy during to be unacceptably end once blacks acquiredthe Civil War and later as a difficult or dangerous. useful labor skills and Marshal in Often workers endured proved their economicAbilene, Kansas. Was shot long hours, low value to society. By 1881and killed in a poked game pay, hazardous materials he headed the Tuskegeeholding what is still known & situations, and abuse Normal and Industrial as a “dead man’s hand”. from employers. Institute.
Joseph Pulitzer: Bought the New York World in 1883. Pioneered popular innovations such as a large http://tinyurl.com/7mh6vh2 Sunday edition, comics, sports coverage, and women’s news. 1883 1884 1885 Mugwumps: Republican Civil Service: Government Polical activists who changed Mark Twain: His book “the administration reformers to Democrats in the Adventures of Huckleberry pressed for the merit presidential election of Fin” was published in 1885 system, which meant the 1884. They supposedly and is an American classicmost qualified person would swung the election to to this day. be hired into civil service. Cleveland.
http://tinyurl.com/cvpf3nq 1886 Haymarket Affair: The aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labordemonstration on May 4, 1886. Settlement House: Formed Scabs: Strike breakers that It began as a peaceful rally of by reformers in slum areas were used to keep the plant workers striking for an 8 hour to help people, mostly operating during strikes. day. 7 police and 4 civilians immigrants.died. It is considered to be theorigin of international May Day Observances for workers.
Interstate CommerceCommission: created bythe Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, it was aregulatory agency. It was the first agency to regulate big business in the U.S. and was meant to regulate railroads. 1887 1888 1889Dawes Act: passed by congress George Eastman: in 1887, aimed to Jane Adams: Was a Developed a series of more “Americanize” Native founder of the Hull House conventional ways to takeAmericans. The Act divided the in Chicago and a leader in pictures. In 1888 he reservation land up between woman suffrage and introduced the 25$ Kodak individuals giving each 160 world peace. Was the first camera. It promptedacres. The government sold the American woman to be millions of Americans to remaining two thirds of the awarded the Nobel Peace become ameratuer reservation and kept the Prize. photographers. money.
Wounded Knee: On Dec. 28, 1890 the seventh cavalry rounded up about 350 desperate Sioux. A shot was fired (unknown which side shot) and the 7th cavalryopened fire and killed as many as300 (mostly unarmed) Sioux. This brought the Indian Wars to a bitter end. 1890 Monopoly/Sherman Literacy Tests: A form ofAntitrust Act: Intended to voting restrictions to try to stop monopolies from Jim Crow Laws: Racial deny blacks equality. Blacks forming; which was the segregation laws put into were often asked harder complete control over its effect in questions than whites or industries schools, hospitals, parks, and given the test in a foreign production, wages, and transportation systems language. The officials could prices. This Act made it throughout the south. pass or fail applicants as they illegal to form trusts that wished.interfered with free trade.
1891 Collective Bargaining: A process of negotiations between employers and Populist: A short lived employees aimed at political party established in reaching agreements that 1891 that urged social ®ulate conditions. Usually political system change thatit was a negotiation of wage favors the people over the scales, working elite. hours, training, health and safety, and overtime.
Ellis Island: The chiefimmigration station from 1892-1924. 17 million immigrants passed through it and only 2%were denied. About 20% were detained for a day or more before being inspected. 1892 Ida B Wells: was born a slave, moved Omaha Platform: A party program to Memphis after emancipation to adopted at the convention of Populist work as a teacher. Later became an Party held in Omaha, Nebraska on July editor of the local newspaper. Racial 4, 1892. It represented the merger of justice was her main theme. On the Agrarian concerns of the Farmers’ March 9, 1892 three of her black Alliance with the Free-currency politician friends were illegally monetarism of the Greenback Party lynched, and that theme became a while endorsing goals of the Urban crusade. Knights of Labor.
George Pullman/Pullman strike:George Pullman was an American engineer and industrialist that designed and manufactured the Pullman sleeping car, and funded the company town Pullman. In1894 nearly 4000 of his employees went on strike because of the recent reductions of wages. 1894 Eugene VS. Debs: Attempted Andrew Carnegie: Born in Scotland to poor parents to form an industrial union and moved to America at the age of 12. In 6 years he that included all laborers; worked his way up to become private secretary of the skilled and unskilled. In1894 local superintendant of the Pennsylvania Railroad. He the new union won a strike was rewarded stock for unsnarling a tangle of trains. for higher wages. Within two He was the first industrial moguls to make his own months it was 150,000 fortune. Entered the steel business in 1873 and by strong. It added to the 1899 the Carnegie Steel Company manufactured momentum of union more steel than all of Great Britain. organization.
William Jennings Bryan: Former Nebraska William Mckinly: Nominated congressman that gave the for president by the “cross of gold” speech at the republican party in 1896. Democratic convention. Won was committed to the gold the democratic nomination standard. Won the election but didn’t have good funds and populism collapsed. in the election and ended up loosing. 1895 1896Grandfather Clause: was meant to reinstate white voters who may have failed the Plessy VS. Ferguson: in 1896 literacy test or couldn’t afford the poll tax. the supreme court ruled that It said that if he failed the test or couldn’t segregation was legal and afford it a man could still vote if he, his did no violate the fourteenthfather, or his grandfather had been eligible amendment. Thisto vote before Jan. 1st 1867. this meant the established the doctrine ofgrandfather clause did not allow any blacks “separate but equal”. to be eligible to vote again.
1903 1910 Orville and Wilbur Wright: Angle Island: A very harshBrothers that manufactured immigration station in San bicycles from Dayton Ohio. Francisco Bay. Between 1910 They experimented with ad 1940 it admitted aboutengines powerful enough to 50,000 Chinese immigrants.keep objects aloft in the air. The immigrants endured Their first successful flight harsh questioning and longwas on Dec. 17, 1903 at Kitty detentions in filthy buildings. Hawk, NC.