Indian Infrastructure In 2030


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Indian Infrastructure In 2030

  1. 2. <ul><li>The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society, such as transportation and communications systems, water and power lines, and public institutions including schools, post offices, and prisons. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunication </li></ul><ul><li>Real Estate </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Transportation & telecommunication in 2030 - By Ms. Saumya Seth </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Real Estate & Energy in 2030 - By Amit Raj (Leader) </li></ul><ul><li>Health & Security in India by 2030 - By Utkarsh Kumar Singh </li></ul>
  4. 7. Units As of 2009 Length of roads km 3,516,452 Main Roads km 666,452 Paved Roads % 47.3 Access to All-Season Roads % 61 Road density Km/1000 1115 Rail Track Length km 63,327 Number of Ports 197 Turnaround Time Days 3 Airports 60 International 11
  8. 11. <ul><li>INDIA-CHINA WAR. </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC DISORDER. </li></ul><ul><li>INCREASED TERRORSIST ACTIVITIES. </li></ul><ul><li>INEFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE. </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL DISBALANCE. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>NO REMARKABLE IMPROVEMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION. </li></ul><ul><li>STEADY ECONOMIC GROWTH. </li></ul><ul><li>USUAL TRENDS IN R&D. </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>KEY FACTS </li></ul><ul><li>Freight and passenger traffic carried by Indian Railway has recorded an impressive growth. This has been possible due to conscious efforts put in by the railways in improving the productivity of the assets and modernization and technology upgradation in various fields. </li></ul><ul><li>Doubling/quadrupling of railway lines is being carried out on the saturated sections of Indian Railways to increase freight and passenger carrying capacity on these sections. </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>Indian railways is the fourth largest railway network in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Railways has one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, transporting over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tonnes of freight daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Railways operates about 9,000 passenger trains and transports 18 million passengers daily across twenty-eight states and two union territories. Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, and Meghalaya are the only states not connected by rail. </li></ul>
  13. 17. <ul><li>Generation of adequate rail transport capacity for handling increasing freight and passenger traffic with special emphasis on development o terminals. </li></ul><ul><li>Modernisation and upgradation of the rail transport system to reduce costs and improve reliability, safety and quality of service to the customers. </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion and upgradation of inter-modal operations </li></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>The quality of airport infrastructure, contributes directly to a country's international competitiveness and the flow of foreign investment . </li></ul><ul><li>While cargo carried by air in India weighs less than 1% of the total cargo exported, it accounts for 35% of the total value of exports. </li></ul><ul><li>97% of the country's foreign tourists arrive by air and tourism is the nation's second largest foreign exchange earner. </li></ul>
  15. 19. <ul><li>In many remote, hilly and inaccessible areas of the country, air transport is the quickest and sometimes the only mode of travel available. </li></ul><ul><li>Airports need to be integrated with other modes of transport like Railways and Highways, enabling seamless transportation to all parts of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers form their first impressions about a nation from the state of its airports. They can be effectively used as symbols of national pride, if we pay sufficient attention to their quality and maintenance. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to ensure total safety and security of aircraft operations by the introduction of state-of-art air traffic, security and related services. </li></ul>
  16. 20. <ul><li>The 6,000 km long Indian coastline has 12 major ports and 181 minor/ intermediate ports out of which 139 are operable. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Ports are the gateways to India's international trade by sea and are handling over 90% of foreign trade. </li></ul><ul><li>The bulk of Indian trade is carried by sea routes, the existing port infrastructure is insufficient to handle trade flows effectively. </li></ul><ul><li>On three important parameters- </li></ul><ul><li>capacity, productivity and efficiency, </li></ul><ul><li>Indian ports lack in comparison to </li></ul><ul><li>some of the major international </li></ul><ul><li>ports. </li></ul>
  17. 21. <ul><li>To handle the increase in the sea-borne traffic on account of increase in foreign and coastal trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Felt need to encourage the private sector participation in enhancing port capabilities and also in modernization of port equipment. </li></ul>
  18. 22. <ul><li>In the last 30 years the introduction of optical fiber, digital switching and cellular radio alone has revolutionized this industry and the way the planet communicates. </li></ul><ul><li>The telecom industry is one of the prime contributors to India's GDP. The once monopolistic market is today, highly competitive. </li></ul><ul><li>The telecom sector was opened up for private investment as a part of liberalization-privatization-globalization policies. </li></ul><ul><li>In terms of long distance calls, India telecom infrastructure has made remarkable progress. Latest technologies, like use of fiber-optic cables has enhanced call-clarity and reduced call-costs to a large extent. </li></ul>
  19. 23. <ul><li>Telecom is one of the fastest growing sectors in India with a growth of 21% and revenue of Rs 86,720 crore. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the major players are the major players like BSNL, MTNL, Hutchison Essar, BPL, Idea, Bharti Tele services, Tata. </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid technological changes, network security threat, mobile application </li></ul><ul><li>development, growing IP deployment </li></ul><ul><li>in the sector have brought back the </li></ul><ul><li>training and development in the priority </li></ul><ul><li>catalog. </li></ul>
  20. 24. <ul><li>IPTV services </li></ul><ul><li>spectrum allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Tariffs & Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>FDI </li></ul><ul><li>Rural India </li></ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Telephony </li></ul><ul><li>Number portability </li></ul><ul><li>One India, one call rate system </li></ul>
  21. 25. <ul><li>Best Case </li></ul><ul><li>Indian roads not just reach the remotest areas but also get advanced with more number of multiple lane highways well networked ‘in and out’ the country. An efficient road transport system to meet the requirements of modern vehicles on the Indian roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Worst Case </li></ul><ul><li>There will be a crying need for a transportation system, which is seamlessly integrated across all modes with the growing passenger traffic and as the majority of freight transport in the country is by roads without its advancement it would directly hit country’s growth. </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Best Case </li></ul><ul><li>Entire railway network in India will be capable of high speed advance trains ensuring passenger safety and making railway a time sensitive transport option. Railway tracks reaching some of the remotest areas and also connecting all neighboring countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Worst Case </li></ul><ul><li>With increasing passenger traffic railways become incompetent of meeting the travel demand making rail travel an inconvenient travel option in the country. </li></ul>
  23. 27. <ul><li>Best Case </li></ul><ul><li>All future upgradation and modernization done with keeping safety, passenger facilities, aircraft and cargo handling in priority with more number of international and regional airports in the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Worst Case </li></ul><ul><li>Indian airports get more insecure without the most updated systems of the time to ensure safety, passenger facilities, aircraft and cargo handling. </li></ul>
  24. 28. <ul><li>Best Case </li></ul><ul><li>Indian coastal line gets more number of international seaports with advance equipments and well trained labour to ensure capacity, productivity and efficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>Worst Case </li></ul><ul><li>Sea port labor and equipment productivity levels get very low due to the outdated equipment, poor training, low equipment handling levels by labor, uneconomic labor practices, idle time at berth, time loss. </li></ul>
  25. 29. <ul><li>Best Case </li></ul><ul><li>With advancement in technologies like nanotechnology and mesh networking, that could change the entire cost structure of hardware and networks, the components of telecoms technology are getting smaller. Nanotech is also promising to change the rules on things like data storage. </li></ul><ul><li>Worst Case </li></ul><ul><li>India remains at the same level where it is now without seeing any remarkable growth in technological advancement. </li></ul>
  26. 32. <ul><li>Indian IT and ITES sector </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in organized retail sector </li></ul><ul><li>REMFs (Real Estate Mutual Funds) and REITs (Real Estate Investment Trusts) </li></ul><ul><li>Easy availability of home loans </li></ul><ul><li>Various authorities such as NOIDA,DDA,HUDA,MMRDA </li></ul><ul><li>FDI investment </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing purchasing of individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Government regulations </li></ul>
  27. 33. <ul><li>Contribution of IT industry in Indian GDP is 7.5%. </li></ul><ul><li>Top IT companies in India are 3644. </li></ul><ul><li>In Delhi &NCR,57 IT companies are existed. </li></ul><ul><li>Total number of companies in Delhi &NCR are 6717 , and offices are 7067. </li></ul>
  28. 34. <ul><li>Over 1000 hypermarket &5000 supermarket is expected by 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>India will require additional 70,00,00,000 sq ft </li></ul>
  29. 36. <ul><li>it is mandatory for an REMF to invest at least 35 per cent of itscorpus in completed real estate assets (read flats, row houses, bungalows, shops). </li></ul><ul><li>second investment condition of SEBI mandates that at least 75 percent of the corpus must be invested in real estate or related securities. </li></ul>
  30. 37. <ul><li>Home loan at low EMI. </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest home loan rates. </li></ul>
  31. 38. <ul><li>NOIDA:-(New okhla industrial development authority) </li></ul><ul><li>DDA:-Delhi development authority </li></ul><ul><li>AAI:-Airport authority of India </li></ul><ul><li>SAIL:-Steel authority of India Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>GAIL:-Gas authority of India Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>HUDA:-Haryana urban development authority </li></ul>
  32. 39. <ul><li>The Government of India has allowed 100% FDI in construction business in March 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>Only NRI & PIO are permitted to invest in housing and real estate sector. </li></ul>
  33. 41. <ul><li>Quality education </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of employment </li></ul><ul><li>Loan facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities to invest </li></ul>
  34. 42. <ul><li>In 2002-03 the Per Capita Income in India was Rs 19040. </li></ul><ul><li>In2003-04 the Per Capita Income in India was Rs 20989. </li></ul><ul><li>In2004-05   the Per Capita Income in India was Rs 23241. </li></ul><ul><li>In2008-2009 the Per Capita Income in India was 37490. </li></ul>
  35. 44. <ul><li>Indian real estate industry will be organized. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian will start investing their money in REMF for long period. </li></ul><ul><li>Tier II and III cities will have luxuries apartments. </li></ul><ul><li>Real estate will be cheaper for rural people by the help of Government subsidy. </li></ul><ul><li>Society complexes & townships will have helipad. </li></ul>
  36. 45. <ul><li>6. Revenue sharing model b/w retailers & real estate companies will see a surge in demand. </li></ul><ul><li>7.Rural India will have apertments. </li></ul>
  37. 47. <ul><li>Because of demand price may high. </li></ul><ul><li>People will start loosing their interest to invest their in real estate. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in forest and agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>People will have more burden to pay EMI. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk on investment will increase. </li></ul>
  38. 48. <ul><li>Focused on electricity generation </li></ul>
  39. 49. <ul><li>Huge demand-supply gap </li></ul><ul><li>Growth pegged to range from 2.-6%p.a </li></ul><ul><li>The thermal power will remain the prime source </li></ul><ul><li>Hydroelectricity </li></ul><ul><li>Indo-US nuclear deal </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity from nuclear reactors </li></ul><ul><li>Solar energy </li></ul><ul><li>Wind energy </li></ul><ul><li>Government policies </li></ul>
  40. 50. Basin/RIvers Probable Installable Capacity(MW) Indus basin 33,832 Ganga Basin 20,711 Central river system 4152 Eastern flowing rivers of south India 14,511 Western flowing rivers of south India 9,430 Brahmputra Basin 66,065 Total 1,48,701
  41. 51. <ul><li>The geographical location of India provides long days of sunny weather for the majority of the year </li></ul><ul><li>The geographical location of India allows the country to receive well over 4500 trillion kWh of pure solar energy each year, which is far beyond the annual power consumption of India </li></ul><ul><li>The only problem is high installation cost </li></ul>
  42. 52. <ul><li>Fourth largest source of energy generation in India </li></ul><ul><li>Indo-US nuclear deal is a big boost </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear energy to become the second largest source of electricity by 2030 </li></ul>
  43. 53. <ul><li>India will be able to tap whole of the hydroelectric potential </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear power shall stem up India’s electricity generation </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Energy will be utilized to the maximum </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity shall be available 24X7 </li></ul><ul><li>The whole of the nation will be electrified </li></ul><ul><li>Gone will be the days of power-cuts & power-tripping </li></ul>
  44. 54. <ul><li>The gap between demand & supply to remain </li></ul><ul><li>Power theft to remain a continuous issue </li></ul><ul><li>The power tariffs would be too high </li></ul><ul><li>Long scheduled & unscheduled power cuts to remain </li></ul><ul><li>A substantial area of the nation will still look forward for electric supply </li></ul><ul><li>The deficit of the power transmission companies shall increase </li></ul>
  45. 56. <ul><li>Booming Industry of over 74bn USD </li></ul><ul><li>Increased instances of lifestyle related diseases in India </li></ul><ul><li>Expected to grow at 10-12% p.a. </li></ul><ul><li>Just 3 medical practitioners per 10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>22,400 Primary health centres, 11,200 Hospitals, 27,400 dispensary </li></ul><ul><li>Critical for the development of the nation </li></ul>
  46. 57. <ul><li>Changing Lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of New Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>New Diagnostic techniques </li></ul><ul><li>New Drug Development </li></ul><ul><li>Health Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Public Private Partnership in Healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Rise of many Hospital chains </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful Indian Pharmaceutical Sector </li></ul>
  47. 58. <ul><li>Fit India (best Case) </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy India(optimum) </li></ul><ul><li>India in hospitals (worst Case) </li></ul>
  48. 59. <ul><li>The Best case </li></ul>
  49. 60. <ul><li>The expenditure on the healthcare would increase up to 2.5% of the GDP against 1% at present </li></ul><ul><li>With many private universities coming up, the average number of doctors will increase from today’s level of 3 per 10,000 people to at least 7 per 10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Increased awareness about lifestyle diseases will lead to a % fall in number of people suffering from them </li></ul>
  50. 61. <ul><li>Indian system of medicine may improve, and only a team of doctors will be allowed to diagnose & advise a patient </li></ul><ul><li>As 100% FDI is allowed in the hospitals, many new MNC hospital chains will come up </li></ul><ul><li>The level of medicare in India will rise to Phoenix </li></ul><ul><li>The cheap cost of treatment in India will make it a preferred destination for medical tourism </li></ul>
  51. 62. <ul><li>India will become a preferred location for the Clinical Trials & this shall boost the growth of medicare facilities </li></ul><ul><li>The emergence of new diseases will sustain the momentum of investment in Indian healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>India will emerge as the largest manufacturing hub as well as the largest market for generic drugs by that period </li></ul>
  52. 63. <ul><li>Health insurance will help remove the hesitation of Indian population to go to hospitals for treatment </li></ul><ul><li>The average life expectancy of the nation will rise from current 64.7 years to 75 years </li></ul><ul><li>Good ambulance services will save the lives of millions every year </li></ul>
  53. 64. <ul><li>The worst Case </li></ul>
  54. 65. <ul><li>Despite all odds, the expenditure on healthcare may fall below 1% of the GDP </li></ul><ul><li>Owing to the population blast, the average number of doctors may fall to an all time low of even upto 2 per 10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>India may fall in the category of last few nations in terms of healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>The poor hospital facilities in India may keep medical tourists at Bay </li></ul>
  55. 66. <ul><li>The complex regulations may force very few Clinical Trial activities in India </li></ul><ul><li>Owing to the increased number of accidents & road-rage, the Emergency wards of the hospitals may witness the highest occupancies </li></ul><ul><li>If diseases such as AIDS, Hepatitis C remain uncurable even during those days, a substantial amount of population may be found in the hospitals </li></ul>
  56. 67. <ul><li>The number of epidemics may rise </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Ambulance services may play with the lives of the people </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of medication may increase substantially owing to the rise in the prices of many life saving medicines </li></ul><ul><li>The R&D in the healthcare may suffer a setback as a result of the poor policies of the government </li></ul>
  57. 68. <ul><li>The optimum case </li></ul>
  58. 69. <ul><li>The expenditure on health will vary from 1.5-2% of the GDP </li></ul><ul><li>Owing to various immunization programs funded by the government & the UN, many of the diseases will remain under control </li></ul><ul><li>The number of epidemics will be under control </li></ul><ul><li>India will still remain a favorite destination for medical tourism </li></ul>
  59. 70. <ul><li>The Indian Ambulance services will play an important role </li></ul><ul><li>The average number of doctors will remain around 5 per 10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>The prices of the drugs will head northwards, but government will try to contain them </li></ul><ul><li>The private hospital chains may try to raise the bar of the healthcare, but may face the crunch for efficient manpower </li></ul>
  60. 71. <ul><li>Good healthcare services may remain limited to the Urban areas only </li></ul><ul><li>The rural India will lag behind in terms of getting good healthcare facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Patients at the various hospitals may become guinea pigs & clinical trials may be conducted over them without their knowledge about it </li></ul><ul><li>Best healthcare facilities may remain confined only to the reaches of the rich </li></ul>
  61. 73. <ul><li>Threats on eastern as well as western fronts </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing expenditure on defence </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Naxalism </li></ul><ul><li>Maoism </li></ul><ul><li>Regional insurgencies in the North East </li></ul><ul><li>Imbalance of power in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase of modern equipments & machinery </li></ul>
  62. 74. <ul><li>With a whooping budget of US$40bn, 3% of Indian GDP goes to defence </li></ul><ul><li>Around 3.3% of the Indian population is engaged in active defence duties </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian defence services have some of the world’s best ranked hospitals & institutes </li></ul>
  63. 76. <ul><li>The number of troops in the armed forces to rise </li></ul><ul><li>The number of paratroopers will be greater than that of the army personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Navy will strengthen its position through consolidation </li></ul><ul><li>The acquisition of Gorshkov sea carrier, & nuclear submarines will boost up the confidence of the Navy personnel </li></ul>
  64. 77. <ul><li>The IAF is poised to become one of the world’s leading air defence </li></ul><ul><li>The role of Army shall increase in the counter-insurgency operations </li></ul><ul><li>The use of modern weapons & the modern training methods shall ensure the regional stability </li></ul><ul><li>The DRDO shall come up with new weapons in the INSAS category </li></ul>
  65. 78. <ul><li>The defence bodies shall need greater infrastructure, attributed mainly to the staff housing needs </li></ul><ul><li>Special colonies for the defence staff will also show a boom </li></ul><ul><li>The defence bodies, especially the Border Roads Organization, shall help connect the far flung areas to the mainland </li></ul>
  66. 79. <ul><li>A mixture of the scenarios shall emerge during 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>2030 will see a rise in the number of apartments, malls, & hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>The problem of traffic congestion will be sorted to some extent </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian defence sector shall show a phenomenal growth </li></ul><ul><li>If all goes well, the menaces of Naxalism & Maoism shall finish </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, Indian infrastructure will become one of the world’s best </li></ul>