Transportation Sector in India
•Ashish Baijal (3)
•Mihir Jana (14)
•Sorabh Marwah (25)
•Ritambhar Roy (38)
•Sandeep Sreenivasa (50)
History Independent India:
Top down infrastructure vision.
16th century: Sher Shah Government trying to prove to the
Suri, commissioned the world what India was capable of.
Grand Trunk Road . 1950-70: traffic increased thirty fold,
road length went up only five times.
British India Era: Rail network increased – 0.5% in
infrastructure focused on 1950s, barely detectable growth of
colonial requirements. 0.2% in 1960s, 70s.
1853: Boribunder to Thane.
6th Five year plan: ‘power, coal, and
Lobbied by mill owners in 750 km Konkan railway: First major
Lancashire. project since British left.
Railway Network: 0 km in Unstable Governments =>
1850 to 10,500 km by 1875 Infrastructure investment - lose-lose
Vajpayee’s Government - made
infrastructure politically fashionable.
Source: Planning Commission, 10th five year plan
A fully Integrated, Safe transport network which supports social and
economic Regeneration and ensures good Access for all which, is
operated to the highest Standards to protect the environment and
ensure Quality of Life.
NHDP-1 Golden Quadrilateral, 5846 km
NHDP NHDP-2 North South, East-West Corridor,
NHDP-3 Upgrade 12,109 km of NHs.
Quadrilateral5846 km NHDP-4 2 laning of remaining roads.
NHDP-2 North-South, East-
West Corridor, 7300 km. NHDP-5 6 laning of selected roads
NHDP-3 Upgrade 12,109 NHDP-6 Chennai-Bangalore,
km of NHs. Kolkata-Dhanbad Expressway.
NHDP-4 2 laning of
remaining roads NHDP-7 Ring Roads, Grade Separators
NHDP-5 6 laning of selected
NHDP-7 Ring Roads, Grade
One of the longest
network in the world –
63,327 km, 6300
18 million passengers.
2 tonnes of freight.
Konkan Railway. Major
RORO(Roll On Roll Off)
Kashmir Railway – second
Tariff policies: overcharge
highest in the world.
freight to subsidize passenger
travel Mumbai- Delhi, Mumbai-
Howrah Rail Corridor.
Aviation PPP Model, Green field airports-
Airlines connect more than 80 cities.
System remains untapped. Privatization of Delhi and Mumbai
Around 90 million passengers
Equal to Railways in 5 days. Mumbai-Delhi air corridor, ranked
6th busiest routes
Source: ADB - Indian transport profile
PPP model, IIFCL
Role of IIFCL
IIFCL is a SPV to provide long term finance to infrastructure projects
Overriding priority to PPP projects
Finance projects in sectors like roads, airports, ports, power, urban
Expanding Construction Capacity
Construction industry capacity already overstretched –
quality, price affected
Improving Contract Management
On average publicly financed road construction
contracts suffering 35% cost over-runs
Poor quality of designs and site investigations.
Media must do its part to increase the accountability of
public institutions, examples: