Transportation Sector India

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Presentation about Transportation Sector in India

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Transportation Sector India

  1. 1. Transportation Sector in India Group-3 •Ashish Baijal (3) •Mihir Jana (14) •Sorabh Marwah (25) •Ritambhar Roy (38) •Sandeep Sreenivasa (50)
  2. 2. History Independent India:  Top down infrastructure vision.  16th century: Sher Shah  Government trying to prove to the Suri, commissioned the world what India was capable of. Grand Trunk Road .  1950-70: traffic increased thirty fold, road length went up only five times.  British India Era:  Rail network increased – 0.5% in infrastructure focused on 1950s, barely detectable growth of colonial requirements. 0.2% in 1960s, 70s.  1853: Boribunder to Thane.  6th Five year plan: ‘power, coal, and transport plan. Lobbied by mill owners in  750 km Konkan railway: First major Lancashire. project since British left.  Railway Network: 0 km in  Unstable Governments => 1850 to 10,500 km by 1875 Infrastructure investment - lose-lose option.  Vajpayee’s Government - made infrastructure politically fashionable. 1500 1947 2009
  3. 3. Profile Source: Planning Commission, 10th five year plan
  4. 4. Comprehending Transport A fully Integrated, Safe transport network which supports social and economic Regeneration and ensures good Access for all which, is operated to the highest Standards to protect the environment and ensure Quality of Life.
  5. 5. Road
  6. 6. NHDP-1 Golden Quadrilateral, 5846 km NHDP NHDP-2 North South, East-West Corridor, 7300 km NHDP-3 Upgrade 12,109 km of NHs.  NHDP-1 Golden Quadrilateral5846 km NHDP-4 2 laning of remaining roads.  NHDP-2 North-South, East- West Corridor, 7300 km. NHDP-5 6 laning of selected roads  NHDP-3 Upgrade 12,109 NHDP-6 Chennai-Bangalore, km of NHs. Kolkata-Dhanbad Expressway.  NHDP-4 2 laning of remaining roads NHDP-7 Ring Roads, Grade Separators  NHDP-5 6 laning of selected roads  NHDP-6 Chennai- Bangalore, Kolkata-Dhanbad Expressway.  NHDP-7 Ring Roads, Grade Separators
  7. 7. Railways  One of the longest network in the world – 63,327 km, 6300 stations.  Daily  18 million passengers.  2 tonnes of freight.  Konkan Railway. Major project after  RORO(Roll On Roll Off) independence. service: road-rail synergy.  Kashmir Railway – second  Tariff policies: overcharge highest in the world. freight to subsidize passenger travel  Mumbai- Delhi, Mumbai- Howrah Rail Corridor.
  8. 8. Intra-City: Public Transport
  9. 9. Water and Sea
  10. 10. Aviation  PPP Model, Green field airports- Bangalore, Hyderabad.  Airlines connect more than 80 cities.  System remains untapped.  Privatization of Delhi and Mumbai Airports  Around 90 million passengers annually.  Equal to Railways in 5 days.  Mumbai-Delhi air corridor, ranked 6th busiest routes
  11. 11. Institutional Arrangement Source: ADB - Indian transport profile
  12. 12. Share of Transport Sector
  13. 13. Comparison with China
  14. 14. PPP model, IIFCL Role of IIFCL  IIFCL is a SPV to provide long term finance to infrastructure projects  Overriding priority to PPP projects  Finance projects in sectors like roads, airports, ports, power, urban infrastructure etc
  15. 15. Challenges
  16. 16. Way Forward Expanding Construction Capacity Construction industry capacity already overstretched – quality, price affected Improving Contract Management On average publicly financed road construction contracts suffering 35% cost over-runs Poor quality of designs and site investigations. Land acquisition.
  17. 17. Accountability/Transparency. Media must do its part to increase the accountability of public institutions, examples:
  18. 18. References Thank You for Your Attention!

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