Learning and teaching in the digital age (By Steve Wheeler)
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Learning and teaching in the digital age (By Steve Wheeler)

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The world is in a constant state of change. The changes are profoundly affecting every ...

The world is in a constant state of change. The changes are profoundly affecting every
part of the fabric of our society.

Education is particularly is affected by change, with a
direct impact on the cultures of our schools and universities, and also by projection –
with implications for all our futures.

It is likely that the students we now teach will leave school to enter a world of work
that is radically different to the world with which we are currently familiar.

The evolution of digital media has brought us to an unprecedented point in history
where we are able to connect, create and collaborate in new ways on a global basis.

Knowledge production is burgeoning, to the extent that any fact or statistic is now
openly searchable and available on the Web. Such cultural shifts necessitate new
modes of thinking, new ways of communication and new rules of engagement with
people, content and organisations.

Mobile technologies, handheld devices and social media have combined to create
fertile, anytime-anyplace learning opportunities that are unprecedented. Teachers and
learners are adapting to these new untethered and ubiquitous modes of education,
and in so doing, are discovering an entirely new array of skills which we shall call the
‘digital literacies’. These include the ability to learn across and between multiple and
diverse platforms, the ability to self broadcast to large audiences and the discernment
to select and filter out good and bad content, all achievable within ever changing mediated environments.
What will be the new skills and literacies that teachers and students will need, to
survive and thrive in the digital age? How will assessment of learning change? What
will be the expectations of young learners, and will these differ from what the
institutions can offer? Ultimately, how will teachers prepare students for a world of
work we can no longer clearly describe?
I
n this presentation he will explore these concepts and discuss the future of learning
and teaching in the digital age.

More in: Education , Technology
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  • 1. Learning and teaching in the digital age
    Steve Wheeler
    @timbuckteeth
    Plymouth University, UK
    8th International Teacher Training Seminar, Barcelona, Spain: October 6th, 2011
  • 2. Here's to the crazy ones. The misfits. The rebels. The troublemakers. The round pegs in the square holes. The ones who see things differently.They're not fond of rules. And they have no respect for the status quo.You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them. But the only thing you can't do is ignore them. Because they change things. They push the human race forward.And while some see them as the crazy ones, we see genius.Because the people who are crazy enough to think they can change the world, are the ones who do.
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 3. Our SharedProblem...
    “For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.”
    –David Warlick
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://communications.nottingham.ac.uk/podcasts/
  • 4. Introducing technology into education
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.com
  • 5. New and emerging technologies...
    Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
    ...are often met with opposition.
    http://www.weirdthings.org.uk
  • 6. I P D
    Innovation
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    Prevention
    Department
  • 7. Introducing computers into schools
    “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic”
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.com
  • 8. We are battling against a common enemy....
    ignorance
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 9. If you think education is expensive...
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    ...try ignorance.
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk
  • 10. What is wrong with school?
  • 11. “Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school.” – Albert Einstein
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://gradeproud.com
  • 12. Does education need transformation?
    "In large states public education will always be mediocre, for the same reason that in large kitchens the cooking is usually bad."
    -Nietzsche
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://thescholasticdiary.wordpress.com
    Source: Chambers English Dictionary
  • 13. Young people’s out-of-school experiences with technology can mean that students find the presentation of school curriculum less challenging, less relevant and less engaging.
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://encefalus.com/
    Source: http://community.learningobjects.com
  • 14. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://flickr.com/photos/thomcochrane/416206133/
    Education is changing for young people as they experience self-directed learning, (mostly outside school) about things that interest them.
    Source: http://community.learningobjects.com
  • 15. “Education must begin with the solution of the teacher-student contradiction, by reconciling the poles of the contradiction so that both are simultaneously teachers and students.”
    - Paulo Friere
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://arts.anu.edu.au
  • 16. Does education need reform?
    Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
    “The wish to preserve the past rather than the hope of creating the future dominates the minds of those who control the teaching of the young" - Bertrand Russell
    http://flickr.com/photos/shu1/6065783/
  • 17. The School Computer Suite...
    Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
    http://www.hseb.utah.edu
  • 18. Objections from educators
    Mobile phones are banned in most schools because...
    ...they are distracting and disruptive. The phone becomes the focus of attention,
    inappropriate images/videos can be taken and sent, leading to invasion of privacy and loss of teacher control!
    Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
    http://i.dailymail.co.uk
  • 19. Mobile phones are the natural communication tool of choice for younger users.
    Are we preparing this generation for the future or for the past?
    Half of teens send 50 or more text messages a day, or 1,500 texts a month, and one in three send more than 100 texts a day, or more than 3,000 texts a month. (2009 statistics)
    Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
    Source: http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2010/Teens-and-Mobile-Phones.aspx
    http://blog.roadandtravel.com
  • 20. What are the needs of today’s learners?
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 21. The Net Generation?
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    Digital Natives?
    Homo
    Zappiens?
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/56155476@N08/5667863948/
  • 22. Learners will need new ‘literacies’
    Social networking
    Privacy maintenance
    Identity management
    Creating content
    Organising content
    Reusing and repurposing
    Filtering and selecting
    Self presenting
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://www.mopocket.com/
  • 23. anytime
    personalised
    anyplace
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://ithalas.com
  • 24. Trends in Education
    Just for me
    Apprenticeship model
    Just in case
    Standard Curriculum
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    Just in time
    Bespoke Curriculum
    Just for me
    Personalised Learning
    Personal Learning Environment
  • 25. Personal Learning Environment
    Asystem that helps learners take control of and manage their own learning. This includes providing support for learners to
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    set their own learning goals
    manage their learning
    communicate with others
    User Generated Content
  • 26. What does a personal learning environment look like?
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 27. Personalised Learning
    Today you are You,
    that is truer than true.
    There is no one alive who is Youer than You.
    - Dr Suess
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://images.fanpop.com/images
  • 28. Personalisation of learning means ensuring that individual differences are acknowledged
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 29. Personal Web Tools
    Generating Content
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    Sharing Content
    Organising Content
  • 30. Personal Web Tools
    Generating Content
    Blog
    Mashup
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    E-portfolio
    Wiki
    Tagging
    Sharing Content
    Organising Content
  • 31. Personal Learning Environments
    PLEs are not only personal web tools and personal learning networks. PLEs are much wider than this, taking in experiences and realia, as well as learning through TV, music, paper based materials, radio & more formal contexts.
    Personal
    Learning
    Network
    Personal
    Learning
    Environment
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    Learning content is not as important now as where (or who) to connect to, to find it.
    Personal
    Web Tools
    PWTs are any web tools, (usually Web 2.0) chosen by learners to support their lifelong learning.
    Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html
  • 32. Learning to learn
    Critical thinking
    Collaboration
    Creativity
    Reflection
    Evaluation
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://socialenterpriseambassadors.org.uk
  • 33. Why social media?
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 34. Social media use 2011
    >750 Million
    >200Million
    95 million tweets/day
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    >125 Million
    >100 Million
    >17 million
    articles
    (in English)
    >5 Billion images
    3000 images/minute
    2 Billion views/day
    24 hours/minute
    Source: http://www.browsermedia.co.uk
  • 35. The global context...
    There are 5 billion mobile phone connections. 3 times as many mobile phones as computers on the planet.
    Social media use is on the rise with over 750 million users on Facebook and 24 hours of video uploaded every minute on Youtube.
    Data consumed in 2010 for mobiles 2.8 exabytes
    Data consumed in 2009 1.1 exabytes
    Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
    Source: BBC News 2010
  • 36. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    With access to Social Media everyone has a voice
    http://www.uksmallbusinesswebsites.co.uk
  • 37. What are the new pedagogies?
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 38. Education
    Educere (latin) = to draw out what is within
    = to bring out potential
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 39. Education
    Educere (latin) = to draw out what is within
    = to bring out potential
    Socratic discourse is
    based on asking and answering questions
    to stimulate critical
    thinking and illuminate ideas.
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    Image source: http://laescueladeateanas.files.wordpress.com
  • 40. Self Organised Learning
    We cannot ‘manage’ self-organised learning for our students.
    We can only create conducive environments within which students will organise their own learning.
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 41. Formal and Informal learning
    Formal Learning
    Informal Learning
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    20%
    80%
    Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learning.
  • 42. Networked learning
    “Understanding how networks work is one of the most important literacies of the 21st Century.”
    - Howard Rheingold
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu
  • 43. Making Connections
    In connectivism, learning involves creating connections and developing a network. It is a theory for the digital age drawing upon chaos, emergent properties, and
    self organised learning.
    (It’s not what you know but who you know)
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Source: Wikipedia
    http://www.pestproducts.com
  • 44. Social Networks...
    Redefine community, friendship, identity, presence, privacy, geography, power relationships
    Enable learning, connections, collaboration, sharing, exploration
    http://www.guardian.co.uk
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://strategicdc.com
    Adapted from Couros, A. (2010)
  • 45. Social Networks...
    Redefine community, friendship, identity, presence, privacy, geography, power relationships
    Enable learning, connections, collaboration, sharing, exploration
    Networks form around shared interests, ideas and objects
    http://www.guardian.co.uk
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://strategicdc.com
    Adapted from Couros, A. (2010)
  • 46. Rhizomes
    Deleuze & Guattari
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    ‘Anarchy’ of the Web
  • 47. Rhizomatic learning
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://archbold-station.org
    “...multiple, non-hierarchical entry and exit points in data representation and interpretation.”
  • 48. Rhizomatic learning
    “In the rhizomatic view, knowledge can only be negotiated, [and is] a personal knowledge-creation process with mutable goals and constantly negotiated premises.”
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    © Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2008
    Community as curriculum: The users become the arbiters of what constitutes knowledge
    Source: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/
  • 49. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/luc/
    Paragogy
  • 50. The kinds of learner support
    These are often provided by peers
    Social
    support
    Technical
    support
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    Academic
    support
    Traditionally the domain of the teacher/tutor
    Reference: (Carnwell, 2000)
  • 51. Image source: http://businessinnovationfactory.com
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    “We are seeing peer-based learning networks where students are learning as much from each other as they are from their mentors and tutors.”
    – John Seely-Brown
  • 52. What will be the new
    teacher roles?
  • 53. “Any teacher who can be replaced by a computer....
    .... should be”.
    - Arthur C. Clarke
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.com
  • 54. “A computer once beat me at chess...
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    ...but was no match for me at kickboxing.”
    http://woodforthetrees.files.wordpress.com
  • 55. Content curation
    Collaboration
    Co-learning
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    Facilitation
    Learning support
    Inspiration!
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/2760560588/
  • 56. Doctors save lives. Teachers make lives.
    http://www.taranakicareers.co.nz
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 57. Digital Content Curation
    www.scoop.it/t/future-school
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 58. “We need to trust the innate ability of learners to self assess.”
    - Derek Robertson
    E-Assessment Scotland, 2010
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • 59. Ipsative assessment...
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    ...where a student’s learning is measured against previous attainment. This is observed in games where players are constantly trying to better their own previous top scores.
  • 60. Triadic assessment
    Self Assessment
    Peer Assessment
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    Tutor Assessment
    Triadic Assessment (Gale et al, 2002)
  • 61. Multimedia brought the world into the classroom...
    Smart technologies will take the classroom out into the world.
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    www.canada.com
  • 62. The future?
    “All too often today we are giving young people cut flowers when we should be teaching them to grow their own plants.”
    -John W Gardner
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    http://www.newcastle.edu.au
    http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/image/s_flowers-lost-gardens-of-heligan.jpg
  • 63. Thank you!
    Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
    W: steve-wheeler.net
    E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk
    B: steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
    T: @timbuckteeth
    Picture by Helen Keegan
  • 64. Steve Wheeler swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk
    University of Plymouth, United Kingdom
    This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: International Licence.