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World Class Education: Educating Creative and Entrepreneurial Students (By Yong Zhao)

The world needs creative and entrepreneurial talents who are globally competent to take advantage of the opportunities brought about technology and globalization and tackle the tough challenges facing human beings. But our schools are being pushed to produce homogenous, compliant, and employee-minded test-takers, as a result of seductive power of the traditional education paradigm. In this presentation, Dr. Yong Zhao challenges the traditional paradigm, debunks the myth of international tests such as PISA and TIMSS, and proposes a new paradigm of education aimed to cultivate diverse, creative, and entrepreneurial talents. Dr. Zhao’s presentations is based on the massive amount of evidence from a variety of sources he gathered for his new book World Class Learners: Educating Creative and Entrepreneurial Students (Corwin, 2012) and his Catching Up or Leading the Way: American Education in the Age of Globalization (ASCD, 2009).

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World Class Education: Educating Creative and Entrepreneurial Students (By Yong Zhao)
U.S.:
53% of Recent College Grads Are Jobless or Underemployed
The Atlantic April 23, 2012
http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/04/53-of-recent-college-grads-are-jobless-or-underemployed-how/256237/



Korea:
Skip College Is Top Advice for World-Beating Koreans
Business Week. September 12, 2012
http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-09-11/skip-college-is-top-advice-for-world-beating-south-koreans-jobs



China:
570,000 graduates unemployed, and Why so?
Sina, June 12, 2012
http://english.sina.com/china/2012/0611/475714.html



Spain:
Desperation, anger grows for Spanish youth, with 51 percent unemployed
CBS Evening News, June 9, 2012
http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-18563_162-57449322/desperation-anger-grows-for-spanish-youth-with-51-percent-unemployed/




South Africa:
Young, jobless and desperate – Degrees with no guarantees
City Press, June 16, 2012
http://www.citypress.co.za/SouthAfrica/News/Young-jobless-and-desperate-Degrees-with-no-guarantees-20120616
Individual differences!
Multiple intelligences
                                             Employable!
Cultural diversity               Schooling
                                             skills
Curiosity, passion, creativity
The Known Knowns


  Human nature: Diversity
  The economy: Changed
  Information: Everywhere
  The world: Globalized
Global Education Reform Movement

            GERM
http://zhaolearning.com

      @YongZhaoUO!


     http://www.facebook.com/yongzhao.uo!

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World Class Education: Educating Creative and Entrepreneurial Students (By Yong Zhao)

  • 2. U.S.: 53% of Recent College Grads Are Jobless or Underemployed The Atlantic April 23, 2012 http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/04/53-of-recent-college-grads-are-jobless-or-underemployed-how/256237/ Korea: Skip College Is Top Advice for World-Beating Koreans Business Week. September 12, 2012 http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-09-11/skip-college-is-top-advice-for-world-beating-south-koreans-jobs China: 570,000 graduates unemployed, and Why so? Sina, June 12, 2012 http://english.sina.com/china/2012/0611/475714.html Spain: Desperation, anger grows for Spanish youth, with 51 percent unemployed CBS Evening News, June 9, 2012 http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-18563_162-57449322/desperation-anger-grows-for-spanish-youth-with-51-percent-unemployed/ South Africa: Young, jobless and desperate – Degrees with no guarantees City Press, June 16, 2012 http://www.citypress.co.za/SouthAfrica/News/Young-jobless-and-desperate-Degrees-with-no-guarantees-20120616
  • 3. Individual differences! Multiple intelligences Employable! Cultural diversity Schooling skills Curiosity, passion, creativity
  • 4. The Known Knowns Human nature: Diversity The economy: Changed Information: Everywhere The world: Globalized
  • 5. Global Education Reform Movement GERM
  • 6. http://zhaolearning.com
 @YongZhaoUO! http://www.facebook.com/yongzhao.uo!
  • 9. The future: The Age of Globalization The stone age did not end because they ran out of stones
  • 12. 2005 To create the same value in the U.S., 1970 it takes… 1940 1910
  • 16. Distribution of Value for iPhone 2010 Cost of inputs: Non-China Labor Cost of inputs: China Labor 3% 2% Apple Employees: 43,000 US, 20,000 overseas People working on Apple Products: 700,000 Apple profit: 400,000 per employee Cost of inputs: materials 22% Unidentified profits Apple Profits 5% 58% Korea Profits 5% Japan Profits 1% E.U. Profits Taiwan 1% Profits Non-Apple U.S. Profits 1% 2% Kraemer, K. L., Linden, G., & Dedrick, J. (2011). Capturing Value in Global Networks: Apple’s iPad and iPhone. Irvine, CA: Personal Computer Industry Center, UC-Irvine.
  • 17. Employees Entrepreneurs
  • 18. Mass Entrepreneurship Business entrepreneurs Social entrepreneurs Intrapreneurs Policy entrepreneurs
  • 19. Entrepreneurial Qualities Confidence Friends Risk-taking Passion Creativity Alertness to opportunity Global competency Uniqueness Empathy
  • 20. Individual differences! Multiple intelligences Employable! Cultural diversity Schooling skills Curiosity, passion, creativity
  • 24. Why Didn’t China Have a Big Party?
  • 25. Math Sciences Reading Shanghai,  China   Shanghai,  China   Shanghai,  China   http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/54/12/46643496.pdf  Singapore    Finland    South  Korea   2009 PISA Results Hong  Kong,  China   Hong  Kong,  China   Finland    South  Korea   Singapore   Hong  Kong,  China    Taiwan   Japan   Singapore    Finland    South  Korea   Canada    Liechtenstein   New  Zealand   New  Zealand    Switzerland   Canada   Japan    Japan    Estonia    Australia    Canada    Australia   Netherlands  
  • 26. Arne Duncan: “A wake-up call” Barack Obama: “A Sputnik moment”
  • 27. A Grattan Institute report, to be released today, shows Australian performance has slipped since 2000, with maths students now more than two years behind children in Shanghai and one to two years behind children in Hong Kong, Singapore and South Korea. --Sydney Morning Herald, 02-17-2012 http://www.smh.com.au/national/education/australian-students-lag-asia-by-three-years-20120216-1tbt8.html#ixzz1me2MH9mL We've become a nation of wusses. The Chinese are kicking our butt in everything. If this was in China do you think the Chinese would have called off the game? People would have been marching down to the stadium. They would have walked and they would have been doing calculus on the way down… --Former Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell on the rescheduling of an NFL game, 2010 http://voices.washingtonpost.com/44/2010/12/ed-rendell-were-a-nation-of-wu.html I am happy to confess I’d like us to implement a cultural revolution just like the one they’ve had in China…Like Chairman Mao, we’ve embarked on a Long March to reform our education system. --Michael Gove, British Secretary of State for Education http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/8227535/Michael-Gove-my-revolution-for-culture-in-classroom.html
  • 28. Qian Xuesheng: “Why doesn’t China have great talents?” Wen Jiabao: “China must have entrepreneurs like Steve Jobs” Kai-fu Lee: The next Apple or Google will appear, but not in China… unless it abolishes its education.
  • 29. Real Dragon or Paper Tiger: Patent filings in 2008 Europe 14,525 filings U.S.A. 400,769 filings U.S.A. 14,399 filings Japan 502,054 filings Japan 13,446 filings China 203,481 filings China 473 filings In 2010 China accounted for 20% of the world's population 9% of the world's GDP 12% of the world's R&D expenditure 1% of the patent filings with or patents granted by any of the leading patent offices outside China. 50 % of the China-origin patents were granted to subsidiaries of foreign multinationals Source: Chinese Innovation is a Paper Tiger http://online.wsj.com/article/ SB10001424053111904800304576472034085730262.html?mod=googlenews_wsj
  • 30. Steve Wozniak: Apple couldn’t emerge in societies like Singapore where ‘bad behavior is not tolerated’ and people are not taught to think for themselves. Alexis Ong: Wozniak’s comments are really a scathing indictment of the Singapore education system, its strictly regimented curriculum and by-rote study techniques that sustain the city’s “formal culture.”
  • 31. Why Aren’t the Model Minority Happy?
  • 32. 2008 NAEP Math Scores by Race/Ethnicity 350 300 250 200 Scores 150 100 50 0 White Black Hispanic Asian Native Am 13 Yr Olds 290 262 268 304 274 17 Yr Olds 314 287 293 321 305 http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2012/2012026/tables/table_12b.asp
  • 33. Asian Americans •  5% of the US population •  15 to 25% of Ivy League enrollment •  24% at Stanford •  46% at UC Berkeley •  64 percent of Asians versus 52 percent for Caucasians want to hold top positions •  2% of total 5,520 board seats of the Fortune 500 (98 of them have Asians on their board) http://www.worklifepolicy.org/documents/TopAsianTalent_PressRelease_7.20.11.pdf http://aapress.com/business/report-only-96-asians-hold-fortune-500-board-seats/
  • 34. Why Is the U.S. Still Here?
  • 35. Alexei vs Stephen: Curriculum and Time Inside photos showed Alexei doing complicated experiments in Stephen, by physics and contrast, retreated chemistry and from a geometry problem on the reading aloud blackboard and the from Sister caption advised, Carrie. "Stephen amused class with wisecracks about his ineptitude." 1958 Seated at a typewriter in typing class, Stephen tells us I type about one word a minute.
  • 36. Our Nation is at risk. Our once unchallenged preeminence in commerce, industry, science, and technological innovation is being overtaken by competitors throughout the world. the educational foundations of our society are presently being eroded by a rising tide of mediocrity that threatens our very future as a Nation and a people. We are raising a new generation of Americans that is scientifically and technologically illiterate. 1983 Japan
  • 37. Elephant vs. doctor: Aspirations 2 Million Minutes Bob Compton Source: http://www.2mminutes.com/ pressblog6.html
  • 38. A Long History of Bad Test-takers •  1960s! –  FIMS: 12th out of 12 countries! –  FISS: 14th out of 18 countries! •  1970s/1980s! –  SIMS: 12, 14, 12, 12out of 15 (number systems, algebra, geometry, calculus)! –  SISS: 14th (biology), 12th (chemistry), 10th (physics) out of 14! •  1990s—2007: TIMSS (8th graders)! –  28th out of 42 in 1995! –  15th in 2003! –  9th in 2007
  • 39. …America still has the largest, most prosperous economy in the world. (Applause.) No workers -- no workers are more productive than ours. No country has more successful companies, or grants more patents to inventors and entrepreneurs. We’re the home to the world’s best colleges and universities, where more students come to study than any place on Earth. --President Obama, 2011 State of the Union Address
  • 41. Asian Countries USA Test scores Confidence USA Asian Countries 2003 TIMSS Results 2003 TIMSS Results
  • 42. Singapore Disagree a USA lot 5% Disagree a litte Disagree 11% Agree a a lot lot 12% 18% Agree a lot Disagree 39% a litte 24% Agree a Agree a little little 45% 46% Responses to “I usually do well in Math”
  • 43. Correlations between TIMSS Math Score and Confidence and Enjoyment Grade Correlation 4 -0.58 Confidence 8 -0.64 4 -0.67 Enjoyment 8 -0.75 Tom Loveless (2006): How Well Are American Students Learning http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/reports/2006/10education_loveless/10education_loveless.pdf
  • 44. It is a miracle that curiosity survives formal education.! --Albert Einstein
  • 46. Correlations between PISA and Entrepreneurship Indicators PISA Reading PISA Math PISA Sciences Perceived Capabilities -.595** -.586** -.608** Nascent Entre Rate -.693** -.636** -.678** New Biz Ownsp Rate -.371* -.374* -.392* Total Early Stage Entre -.658** -.620** -.658** Activity Data source: OECD PISA 2010, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, 2010
  • 49. If you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.! --Albert Einstein!
  • 50. In our travels to China it was everywhere, that laser-focus on education…This public school in Shanghai where the children are two years old. By three they are in school from 8 until 4, already learning phrases in English…On average Chinese students attend schools 41 more days than American students a year and with extra lessons on the weekend, Chinese students receive 30% more hours of instruction.! --ABC World News with Diane Sawyer, 2010 ! http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/china-debuts-top-international-education-rankings/story?id=12336108#.Tz5va0xU2Fc!
  • 51. …what they learn and how they learn are subjects of constant debate. Critics see young people as being “fed” learning because they are seldom left on their own to learn in a way of their choice. They have little direct encounters with nature, for example, and little experience with society either. While they have learned a lot, they may not have learned how to learn. ! --OECD, 2011 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264096660-en!
  • 53. The Difference between a $10,000 Education and a $10 Education
  • 54. Individual differences! Multiple intelligences Employable! Cultural diversity Schooling skills Curiosity, passion, creativity It is a miracle that curiosity survives formal education.! ---Albert Einstein
  • 55. Individual differences! Multiple intelligences Employable! Schooling Cultural diversity skills Curiosity, passion, creativity Individual differences! Multiple intelligences Employable! Schooling Cultural diversity skills Curiosity, passion, creativity
  • 57. Individual differences! Multiple intelligences Enhanced ! Cultural diversity Schooling Human Talents Curiosity, passion, creativity
  • 58. If Lady Gaga is useful…
  • 59. Personalized and strength-based educational experiences: Summerhill School
  • 66. Product-oriented Learning: Multiple revisions, sustained and disciplined process, peer reviews High Tech High
  • 68. The Globalized Campus: Partners, Customers, and Investors: Oxford and Cherwell School
  • 69. Entrepreneurship-oriented Education What: Student Autonomy How: Product- Where: The oriented Global Campus Learning
  • 70. • Global partners Where: • Global markets The Global • Global resource Campus How: Product- oriented Learning • Authentic product • Drafts and review • Persistence and What: Student discipline Autonomy • Curriculum • Governance • Environment
  • 71. Actions we could take:
 Fixing the ship or building a new ship