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Iraq Plan For Stability And Sovereignty
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Iraq Plan For Stability And Sovereignty

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  • 1. Timetable to Freedom A Plan for Iraqi Stability and Sovereignty
  • 2.
    • Begin phased troop withdrawals
    • Reestablish Iraqi national army
    • Create an international stabilization force
    • Provide substantial economic assistance
  • 3.
            • A fixed schedule for disengaging U.S. and other foreign military forces - the phased withdrawal of U.S. occupation forces
            • - no permanent bases left behind
  • 4.
    • 2. The rehiring of portions of the former Iraqi national army
    • - Iraqi government command of all Iraqi military and police forces
    • - status-of-forces agreement giving Iraqi government political control over all foreign forces
  • 5.
    • 3. The creation of an international stabilization force
    - authorization by the UN Security Council, with the approval of the Iraqi government - some U.S. forces could serve, along with troops from Arab states and other countries
  • 6.
    • 4. Support for reconstruction and economic development
    • - $10 billion a year U.S. aid commitment, with equivalent amounts from other international donors
    • - run entirely by the Iraqi government, without U.S. control, subject only to certified international audit
  • 7.
      • Troops can’t leave until there is security
      • But U.S. presence is the major source of insecurity
    The Security Dilemma
  • 8. The insurgency is primarily a national resistance against foreign invasion— a natural response that occurs often in history Once the foreign invader is gone, this powerful resistance dynamic will subside
  • 9. - the presence of foreign occupation forces provokes resistance - U.S. troops have been frequent targets of attack
  • 10.
      • The withdrawal of U.S. forces
    • - removes a principal cause of the insurgency
    • - reduces the level of violence
    • - encourages other nations to provide support
  • 11.
    • - gives Iraqis real control over their country
    • - enhances the legitimacy and sovereignty of the emerging Iraqi government
  • 12.
    • - there is a major risk of civil conflict
    • - any large-scale reduction of forces can be destabilizing
    But . . .
  • 13.
    • - reduce gradually in stages
    • - provide security alternatives
    So . . .
  • 14.
      • Concrete security options are available, but will only work if
    • - There is real commitment and significant motion toward exit
  • 15.
      • Rehire the Iraq National Army
    • - Creating a new national army that is not seen as U.S. puppet force will reduce number of attacks vs. Iraqi troops
    • - Iraqi army can command national respect, especially in Sunni insurgent zones
  • 16.
    • - assure more balanced officer corps
    • - combine with current forces
    • - begin process of integrating militias
  • 17.
      • 2. Create international stabilization force
    • - to counter internal violence, and strengthen the ability of emerging government to control the country
    • - for limited protective deployments in specified localities and potential trouble spots, such as Kirkuk
  • 18.
    • - approved and under political direction of Iraqi government
    • - authorized by UN Security Council
  • 19.
    • - a peace enforcement mission with robust rules of engagement, modeled on Bosnia and Kosovo
    • - not a passive peacekeeping force
  • 20.
    • - Arab troops, perhaps even an Arab command structure, to increase Iraqis’ receptivity
    • - convene international conference to build such a force and to present a timeline for U.S. departure