Folktales

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Definitions of different folktales! enjoy them!! :)

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Folktales

  1. 1. Folktales <ul><li>What is a folktale? </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of folktales </li></ul><ul><li>Types of folktales </li></ul><ul><li>Some well-known folktales </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is a folktale? <ul><li>story that began with oral storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>passed down through the ages </li></ul><ul><li>teaches a lesson </li></ul><ul><li>explains why things are as they are </li></ul>
  3. 3. Folktales <ul><li>What is a folktale? </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of folktales </li></ul><ul><li>Types of folktales </li></ul><ul><li>Some well-known folktales </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Folktales <ul><li>simple and straightforward </li></ul><ul><li>includes magic or supernatural powers </li></ul><ul><li>characters represent human qualities such as good, evil, wisdom, foolishness, laziness </li></ul><ul><li>problems and conflicts are clear </li></ul><ul><li>ending usually happy or satisfying </li></ul><ul><li>good usually rewarded, evil punished </li></ul>
  5. 5. Folktales <ul><li>What is a folktale? </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of folktales </li></ul><ul><li>Types of folktales </li></ul><ul><li>Some well-known folktales </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Folktales <ul><li>Trickster tales </li></ul><ul><li>Fables </li></ul><ul><li>Why “Pourquoi” stories </li></ul><ul><li>Fairytales </li></ul>
  7. 7. Trickster Tales <ul><li>One character (the protagonist or trickster) is clever and devious </li></ul><ul><li>causes problems for another </li></ul><ul><li>is usually unpunished </li></ul><ul><li>Different cultures have specific tricksters </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tricksters from Different Cultures
  9. 9. Fables <ul><li>Short stories </li></ul><ul><li>teach a lesson or moral </li></ul><ul><li>animal characters with human characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>stress themes such as: the value of cooperation, looking at problems from different viewpoints, rewards if being satisfied </li></ul><ul><li>some have several layers of meaning (Indian tales) </li></ul><ul><li>Morals are not stated directly </li></ul><ul><li>listener must find their own moral in the tale </li></ul>
  10. 10. Why “Porquoi” Stories <ul><li>Explain why something is as it is </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how things came to be </li></ul>???????????????
  11. 11. Fairytales <ul><li>Include good and bad characters </li></ul><ul><li>A hero or heroine </li></ul><ul><li>Magic or fantasy </li></ul><ul><li>Includes predictable beginnings and endings “Once upon a time” “Happily ever after” </li></ul><ul><li>Problem which is usually overcome through kindness, courage, intelligence </li></ul>
  12. 12. Folktales <ul><li>What is a folktale? </li></ul><ul><li>Types of folktales </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of folktales </li></ul><ul><li>Some well-known folktales </li></ul>
  13. 13. Well-known Folktales *Tortoise and the Hare *The Three Little Pigs *Cinderella *Jack and the Beanstalk *Bre’r Rabbit and Bre’r Fox End of Presentation

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