Highlights of the   38th   TOP500 List          SC11, Seattle, WA
38th List: The TOP10                                                                                                      ...
0           50                100                      150                              200                               ...
Annual Performance Increase of the             TOP5002.62.42.2 21.81.61.41.2 1
Performance Development                                                                                         74.2 PFlop...
Projected Performance Development    1E+11    1E+10  11E+09     Eflop/s   100 Pflop/s10000000    10 Pflop/s10000000       ...
Performance of Countries                              100,000                                                             ...
Vendors / System Share       Oracle Others                                    IBM   Appro 8 Dell 46                       ...
Vendors (TOP50) / System Share                                           Cray Inc.                                        ...
IBM   Cray   Fujitsu   HP
IBM   Cray   Fujitsu   HP
IBM   Cray   Fujitsu   HP
New SystemsIBM   Cray   Fujitsu   HP
Previous SystemsIBM    Cray   Fujitsu   HP
New Systems – 6 MonthIBM   Cray   Fujitsu   HP
New Systems – 12 MonthIBM   Cray   Fujitsu   HP
Countries / System Share  Russia      others                           United States   2%          11%                    ...
0           20                    40                                       60                                             ...
European Countries          200          180                                                                              ...
IBM   Cray   Fujitsu   HP
Processors / Systems                                      Xeon X56xx (Westmere-EP)           1%    1%                     ...
Processors / Performance                                        Xeon X56xx (Westmere-EP)          1%                      ...
Total Core Count
Cores/Processor
Cores per Socket          500          450          400                                                                   ...
Cores per Socket      174                              1 core                         5    2 cores                        ...
Accelerators          40          35          30          25                                             Clearspeed CSX600...
Performance of Accelerators                              12,000                                                        Cle...
Accelerator-Core Count
Accelerator/Main Core Ratio
Linpack Efficiency                     120%                     100%Linpack Efficiency                     80%            ...
Absolute Power Levels                 13                 12                 11                 10Power [MWatts]           ...
Power Consumption             5                                      TOP10             4Power [MW]             3          ...
Power Efficiency                            700Linpack/Power [Gflops/kW]                            600                   ...
Most Power Efficient Architectures                                                                     Rmax/              ...
Power-Efficiency [Mflops/W]
Power Efficiency                            2,500                              BlueGene/QLinpack/Power [Gflops/kW]        ...
Top500 11/2011 BOF Slides
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Top500 11/2011 BOF Slides

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Slides for the 38th TOP500 Lists presented during SC11 in Seattle.

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  • Annual versus Moore’s Law1.85 versus 1.59
  • Fujitsu, Dell, and Dawning have 2 each
  • Core-count per system
  • Some very high efficiency systems use TurboBoost – wrong peak!
  • #123 is ASCI Purple = older technology = less power efficient
  • K computer: "K" here draws upon the Japanese word "Kei" for 1016(ten quadrillions), representing the system's performance goal of 10 petaflops. In its original sense, "Kei" expresses a large gateway in Japanese, and it is hoped that the system will be a new gateway to computational science.
  • Top500 11/2011 BOF Slides

    1. 1. Highlights of the 38th TOP500 List SC11, Seattle, WA
    2. 2. 38th List: The TOP10 Rmax PowerRank Site Manufacturer Computer Country Cores [Pflops] [MW] RIKEN Advanced K Computer 1 Institute for Fujitsu SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Japan 795,024 10.51 12.66 Computational Science Tofu Interconnect National Tianhe-1A 2 SuperComputer Center NUDT NUDT TH MPP, China 186,368 2.566 4.04 in Tianjin Xeon 6C, NVidia, FT-1000 8C Oak Ridge National Jaguar 3 Cray USA 224,162 1.759 6.95 Laboratory Cray XT5, HC 2.6 GHz National Nebulae 4 Supercomputing Centre Dawning TC3600 Blade, Intel X5650, China 120,640 1.271 2.58 in Shenzhen NVidia Tesla C2050 GPU TSUBAME-2 GSIC, Tokyo Institute of 5 NEC/HP HP ProLiant, Xeon 6C, NVidia, Japan 73,278 1.192 1.40 Technology Linux/Windows Cielo 6 DOE/NNSA/LANL/SNL Cray USA 142,272 1.110 3.98 Cray XE6, 8C 2.4 GHz NASA/Ames Research Pleiades 7 SGI USA 111,104 1.088 4.10 Center/NAS SGI Altix ICE 8200EX/8400EX DOE/SC/ Hopper 8 Cray USA 153,408 1.054 2.91 LBNL/NERSC Cray XE6, 6C 2.1 GHz Commissariat a Tera 100 9 lEnergie Atomique Bull Bull bullx super-node France 138.368 1.050 4.59 (CEA) S6010/S6030 Roadrunner10 DOE/NNSA/LANL IBM USA 122,400 1.042 2.34 BladeCenter QS22/LS21
    3. 3. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 35019931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006 Replacement Rate20072008200920102011 195
    4. 4. Annual Performance Increase of the TOP5002.62.42.2 21.81.61.41.2 1
    5. 5. Performance Development 74.2 PFlop/s 100 Pflop/s10000000 10.51 PFlop/s10000000 10 Pflop/s 1000000 1 Pflop/s 100000 50.9 TFlop/s 100 Tflop/s SUM 10000 10 Tflop/s N=1 1 1000 Tflop/s 1.17 TFlop/s 100 100 Gflop/s 59.7 GFlop/s 10 N=500 10 Gflop/s 1 1 Gflop/s 0.1 400 MFlop/s 100 Mflop/s 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2011
    6. 6. Projected Performance Development 1E+11 1E+10 11E+09 Eflop/s 100 Pflop/s10000000 10 Pflop/s10000000 SUM 1 Pflop/s 1000000 100000 100 Tflop/s 10000 10 Tflop/s N=1 1000 1 Tflop/s 100 100 Gflop/s N=500 10 10 Gflop/s 1 1 Gflop/s 0.1 100 Mflop/s 2020 1996 2002 2008 2014
    7. 7. Performance of Countries 100,000 US 10,000Total Performance [Tflop/s] EU Japan 1,000 China 100 Others 10 1 0 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
    8. 8. Vendors / System Share Oracle Others IBM Appro 8 Dell 46 HP 13 2% 11 9% 3% 2% Cray Inc. IBM SGI Bull 223 15 45% Bull 3% SGI Appro 17 Dell 3% OracleCray Inc. 27 HP Others 5% 140 28%
    9. 9. Vendors (TOP50) / System Share Cray Inc. IBM SGI Others 14 Cray Inc. Oracle 28% 17 Bull 34% Others Bull 3 6% SGI IBM 4 9 Oracle 18% 8% 3 6%
    10. 10. IBM Cray Fujitsu HP
    11. 11. IBM Cray Fujitsu HP
    12. 12. IBM Cray Fujitsu HP
    13. 13. New SystemsIBM Cray Fujitsu HP
    14. 14. Previous SystemsIBM Cray Fujitsu HP
    15. 15. New Systems – 6 MonthIBM Cray Fujitsu HP
    16. 16. New Systems – 12 MonthIBM Cray Fujitsu HP
    17. 17. Countries / System Share Russia others United States 2% 11% ChinaFrance Germany 5% United States United Kingdom 53%Japan Japan 5% France United RussiaKingdom 5% others China Germany 13% 6%
    18. 18. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1401993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008 Asian Countries200920102011 India China Japan Others Korea, South
    19. 19. European Countries 200 180 Others 160 Poland 140 Russia 120 SpainSystems 100 Sweden 80 Switzerland 60 Netherlands Italy 40 France 20 United Kingdom 0 Germany 2011 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    20. 20. IBM Cray Fujitsu HP
    21. 21. Processors / Systems Xeon X56xx (Westmere-EP) 1% 1% Xeon X55xx (Nehalem-EP) 1% 9% Xeon E56xx (Westmere-EP) 1% Xeon E55xx (Nehalem-EP)2% 2% Opteron 12 Core 3% Xeon 5400-series "Harpertown" 39% Opteron Quad Core 3% POWER6 3% POWER7 4% Intel Xeon E5 Opteron 8 Core 5% Opteron 6200 Series 8% PowerPC 450 9% Xeon L55xx (Nehalem-EP) 9% Power BQC others
    22. 22. Processors / Performance Xeon X56xx (Westmere-EP) 1% SPARC64 VIIIfx 1% 2% 2% 7% Xeon X55xx (Nehalem-EP) 2% Opteron 12 Core Xeon E56xx (Westmere-EP) 2% 27% Xeon 5400-series "Harpertown"3% Intel Xeon E5 Opteron Six Core3% Opteron 6200 Series 3% Xeon E55xx (Nehalem-EP) 3% Opteron 8 Core PowerPC 450 3% Opteron Quad Core 4% 14% POWER7 Power BQC 4% Xeon 75xx (Nehalem-EX) 4% 4% 6% 6% PowerXCell 8i POWER6 ShenWei
    23. 23. Total Core Count
    24. 24. Cores/Processor
    25. 25. Cores per Socket 500 450 400 16 350 12 300 10Systems 250 9 200 8 150 6 4 100 2 50 1 0 2007 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2008 2009 2010 2011
    26. 26. Cores per Socket 174 1 core 5 2 cores 1 4 cores 19 6 cores 34 8 cores 26 9 cores 2 37 10 cores 2 12 cores234 16 cores
    27. 27. Accelerators 40 35 30 25 Clearspeed CSX60022Systems ATI GPU 20 IBM PowerXCell 8i 15 NVIDIA 2070 10 NVIDIA 20502 NVIDIA 2090 5 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
    28. 28. Performance of Accelerators 12,000 Clearspeed CSX600 10,000Total Performance [Tflop/s] ATI GPU 8,000 IBM PowerXCell 8i NVIDIA 20702 6,000 NVIDIA 2090 NVIDIA 2050 4,000 2,000 0
    29. 29. Accelerator-Core Count
    30. 30. Accelerator/Main Core Ratio
    31. 31. Linpack Efficiency 120% 100%Linpack Efficiency 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 0 100 200 300 400 500
    32. 32. Absolute Power Levels 13 12 11 10Power [MWatts] 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 TOP500 Rank
    33. 33. Power Consumption 5 TOP10 4Power [MW] 3 TOP50 2 1 TOP500 0 2008 2009 2010 2011
    34. 34. Power Efficiency 700Linpack/Power [Gflops/kW] 600 500 TOP10 400 TOP50 300 200 TOP500 100 0 2008 2009 2010 2011
    35. 35. Most Power Efficient Architectures Rmax/ Computer PowerBlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom 2,026Bullx B505, Xeon E5649 6C 2.53GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090 1,266Mole-8.5 Cluster, Xeon X5520 4C 2.27 GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 9192050iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5645 6C 2.40 GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 8922070Xtreme-X GreenBlade GB512X, Xeon E5 (Sandy Bridge - EP) 8C 8892.60GHz, Infiniband QDRiDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66 GHz, Infiniband, NVIDIA 2090 866HP ProLiant SL390s G7 Xeon 6C X5670, Nvidia GPU, Linux/Windows 852K computer, SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Tofu interconnect 830Sunway BlueLight MPP, ShenWei processor SW1600 975.00 MHz, 741Infiniband QDR [Mflops/Watt]
    36. 36. Power-Efficiency [Mflops/W]
    37. 37. Power Efficiency 2,500 BlueGene/QLinpack/Power [Gflops/kW] 2,000 Max-Efficiency 1,500 Cell K computer 1,000 500 TOP10 TOP50 0 TOP500 2008 2009 2010 2011
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