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Top500 11/2011 BOF Slides

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Slides for the 38th TOP500 Lists presented during SC11 in Seattle.

Slides for the 38th TOP500 Lists presented during SC11 in Seattle.

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  • Annual versus Moore’s Law1.85 versus 1.59
  • Fujitsu, Dell, and Dawning have 2 each
  • Core-count per system
  • Some very high efficiency systems use TurboBoost – wrong peak!
  • #123 is ASCI Purple = older technology = less power efficient
  • K computer: "K" here draws upon the Japanese word "Kei" for 1016(ten quadrillions), representing the system's performance goal of 10 petaflops. In its original sense, "Kei" expresses a large gateway in Japanese, and it is hoped that the system will be a new gateway to computational science.

Transcript

  • 1. Highlights of the 38th TOP500 List SC11, Seattle, WA
  • 2. 38th List: The TOP10 Rmax PowerRank Site Manufacturer Computer Country Cores [Pflops] [MW] RIKEN Advanced K Computer 1 Institute for Fujitsu SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Japan 795,024 10.51 12.66 Computational Science Tofu Interconnect National Tianhe-1A 2 SuperComputer Center NUDT NUDT TH MPP, China 186,368 2.566 4.04 in Tianjin Xeon 6C, NVidia, FT-1000 8C Oak Ridge National Jaguar 3 Cray USA 224,162 1.759 6.95 Laboratory Cray XT5, HC 2.6 GHz National Nebulae 4 Supercomputing Centre Dawning TC3600 Blade, Intel X5650, China 120,640 1.271 2.58 in Shenzhen NVidia Tesla C2050 GPU TSUBAME-2 GSIC, Tokyo Institute of 5 NEC/HP HP ProLiant, Xeon 6C, NVidia, Japan 73,278 1.192 1.40 Technology Linux/Windows Cielo 6 DOE/NNSA/LANL/SNL Cray USA 142,272 1.110 3.98 Cray XE6, 8C 2.4 GHz NASA/Ames Research Pleiades 7 SGI USA 111,104 1.088 4.10 Center/NAS SGI Altix ICE 8200EX/8400EX DOE/SC/ Hopper 8 Cray USA 153,408 1.054 2.91 LBNL/NERSC Cray XE6, 6C 2.1 GHz Commissariat a Tera 100 9 lEnergie Atomique Bull Bull bullx super-node France 138.368 1.050 4.59 (CEA) S6010/S6030 Roadrunner10 DOE/NNSA/LANL IBM USA 122,400 1.042 2.34 BladeCenter QS22/LS21
  • 3. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 35019931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006 Replacement Rate20072008200920102011 195
  • 4. Annual Performance Increase of the TOP5002.62.42.2 21.81.61.41.2 1
  • 5. Performance Development 74.2 PFlop/s 100 Pflop/s10000000 10.51 PFlop/s10000000 10 Pflop/s 1000000 1 Pflop/s 100000 50.9 TFlop/s 100 Tflop/s SUM 10000 10 Tflop/s N=1 1 1000 Tflop/s 1.17 TFlop/s 100 100 Gflop/s 59.7 GFlop/s 10 N=500 10 Gflop/s 1 1 Gflop/s 0.1 400 MFlop/s 100 Mflop/s 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2011
  • 6. Projected Performance Development 1E+11 1E+10 11E+09 Eflop/s 100 Pflop/s10000000 10 Pflop/s10000000 SUM 1 Pflop/s 1000000 100000 100 Tflop/s 10000 10 Tflop/s N=1 1000 1 Tflop/s 100 100 Gflop/s N=500 10 10 Gflop/s 1 1 Gflop/s 0.1 100 Mflop/s 2020 1996 2002 2008 2014
  • 7. Performance of Countries 100,000 US 10,000Total Performance [Tflop/s] EU Japan 1,000 China 100 Others 10 1 0 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
  • 8. Vendors / System Share Oracle Others IBM Appro 8 Dell 46 HP 13 2% 11 9% 3% 2% Cray Inc. IBM SGI Bull 223 15 45% Bull 3% SGI Appro 17 Dell 3% OracleCray Inc. 27 HP Others 5% 140 28%
  • 9. Vendors (TOP50) / System Share Cray Inc. IBM SGI Others 14 Cray Inc. Oracle 28% 17 Bull 34% Others Bull 3 6% SGI IBM 4 9 Oracle 18% 8% 3 6%
  • 10. IBM Cray Fujitsu HP
  • 11. IBM Cray Fujitsu HP
  • 12. IBM Cray Fujitsu HP
  • 13. New SystemsIBM Cray Fujitsu HP
  • 14. Previous SystemsIBM Cray Fujitsu HP
  • 15. New Systems – 6 MonthIBM Cray Fujitsu HP
  • 16. New Systems – 12 MonthIBM Cray Fujitsu HP
  • 17. Countries / System Share Russia others United States 2% 11% ChinaFrance Germany 5% United States United Kingdom 53%Japan Japan 5% France United RussiaKingdom 5% others China Germany 13% 6%
  • 18. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1401993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008 Asian Countries200920102011 India China Japan Others Korea, South
  • 19. European Countries 200 180 Others 160 Poland 140 Russia 120 SpainSystems 100 Sweden 80 Switzerland 60 Netherlands Italy 40 France 20 United Kingdom 0 Germany 2011 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  • 20. IBM Cray Fujitsu HP
  • 21. Processors / Systems Xeon X56xx (Westmere-EP) 1% 1% Xeon X55xx (Nehalem-EP) 1% 9% Xeon E56xx (Westmere-EP) 1% Xeon E55xx (Nehalem-EP)2% 2% Opteron 12 Core 3% Xeon 5400-series "Harpertown" 39% Opteron Quad Core 3% POWER6 3% POWER7 4% Intel Xeon E5 Opteron 8 Core 5% Opteron 6200 Series 8% PowerPC 450 9% Xeon L55xx (Nehalem-EP) 9% Power BQC others
  • 22. Processors / Performance Xeon X56xx (Westmere-EP) 1% SPARC64 VIIIfx 1% 2% 2% 7% Xeon X55xx (Nehalem-EP) 2% Opteron 12 Core Xeon E56xx (Westmere-EP) 2% 27% Xeon 5400-series "Harpertown"3% Intel Xeon E5 Opteron Six Core3% Opteron 6200 Series 3% Xeon E55xx (Nehalem-EP) 3% Opteron 8 Core PowerPC 450 3% Opteron Quad Core 4% 14% POWER7 Power BQC 4% Xeon 75xx (Nehalem-EX) 4% 4% 6% 6% PowerXCell 8i POWER6 ShenWei
  • 23. Total Core Count
  • 24. Cores/Processor
  • 25. Cores per Socket 500 450 400 16 350 12 300 10Systems 250 9 200 8 150 6 4 100 2 50 1 0 2007 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2008 2009 2010 2011
  • 26. Cores per Socket 174 1 core 5 2 cores 1 4 cores 19 6 cores 34 8 cores 26 9 cores 2 37 10 cores 2 12 cores234 16 cores
  • 27. Accelerators 40 35 30 25 Clearspeed CSX60022Systems ATI GPU 20 IBM PowerXCell 8i 15 NVIDIA 2070 10 NVIDIA 20502 NVIDIA 2090 5 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
  • 28. Performance of Accelerators 12,000 Clearspeed CSX600 10,000Total Performance [Tflop/s] ATI GPU 8,000 IBM PowerXCell 8i NVIDIA 20702 6,000 NVIDIA 2090 NVIDIA 2050 4,000 2,000 0
  • 29. Accelerator-Core Count
  • 30. Accelerator/Main Core Ratio
  • 31. Linpack Efficiency 120% 100%Linpack Efficiency 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 0 100 200 300 400 500
  • 32. Absolute Power Levels 13 12 11 10Power [MWatts] 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 TOP500 Rank
  • 33. Power Consumption 5 TOP10 4Power [MW] 3 TOP50 2 1 TOP500 0 2008 2009 2010 2011
  • 34. Power Efficiency 700Linpack/Power [Gflops/kW] 600 500 TOP10 400 TOP50 300 200 TOP500 100 0 2008 2009 2010 2011
  • 35. Most Power Efficient Architectures Rmax/ Computer PowerBlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom 2,026Bullx B505, Xeon E5649 6C 2.53GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090 1,266Mole-8.5 Cluster, Xeon X5520 4C 2.27 GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 9192050iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5645 6C 2.40 GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 8922070Xtreme-X GreenBlade GB512X, Xeon E5 (Sandy Bridge - EP) 8C 8892.60GHz, Infiniband QDRiDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66 GHz, Infiniband, NVIDIA 2090 866HP ProLiant SL390s G7 Xeon 6C X5670, Nvidia GPU, Linux/Windows 852K computer, SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Tofu interconnect 830Sunway BlueLight MPP, ShenWei processor SW1600 975.00 MHz, 741Infiniband QDR [Mflops/Watt]
  • 36. Power-Efficiency [Mflops/W]
  • 37. Power Efficiency 2,500 BlueGene/QLinpack/Power [Gflops/kW] 2,000 Max-Efficiency 1,500 Cell K computer 1,000 500 TOP10 TOP50 0 TOP500 2008 2009 2010 2011