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45th TOP500 List

Highlights of the 45th TOP500 List

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45th TOP500 List

  1. 1. Highlights of the 45th TOP500 List ISC‘15, Frankfurt, July 13, 2015 Erich Strohmaier
  2. 2. 41ST LIST: THE TOP10# Site Manufacturer Computer Country Cores Rmax [Pflops] Power [MW] 1 National University of Defense Technology NUDT Tianhe-2 NUDT TH-IVB-FEP, Xeon 12C 2.2GHz, IntelXeon Phi China 3,120,000 33.9 17.8 2 Oak Ridge National Laboratory Cray Titan Cray XK7, Opteron 16C 2.2GHz, Gemini, NVIDIA K20x USA 560,640 17.6 8.21 3 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory IBM Sequoia BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom USA 1,572,864 17.2 7.89 4 RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science Fujitsu K Computer SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Tofu Interconnect Japan 795,024 10.5 12.7 5 Argonne National Laboratory IBM Mira BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom USA 786,432 8.59 3.95 6 Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) Cray Piz Daint Cray XC30, Xeon E5 8C 2.6GHz, Aries, NVIDIA K20x Switzer- land 115,984 6.27 2.33 7 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Cray Shaheen II Cray XC40, Xeon E5 16C 2.3GHz, Aries Saudi Arabia 196,608 5.54 2.83 8 Texas Advanced Computing Center/UT Dell Stampede PowerEdge C8220, Xeon E5 8C 2.7GHz, Intel Xeon Phi USA 462,462 5.17 4.51 9 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ) IBM JuQUEEN BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom Germany 458,752 5.01 2.30 10 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory IBM Vulcan BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom USA 393,216 4.29 1.97
  3. 3. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 TOP10 REPLACEMENT RATE
  4. 4. 79 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 REPLACEMENT RATE
  5. 5. AVERAGE SYSTEM AGE 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Age[Years] 1.27 years
  6. 6. PERFORMANCE DEVELOPMENT 0.1 1 10 100 1000 10000 100000 1000000 10000000 100000000 1E+09 1E+10 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 59.7 GFlop/s 400 MFlop/s 1.17 TFlop/s 33.9 PFlop/s 165 TFlop/s 363 PFlop/s SUM N=1 N=500 1 Gflop/s 1 Tflop/s 100 Mflop/s 100 Gflop/s 100 Tflop/s 10 Gflop/s 10 Tflop/s 1 Pflop/s 100 Pflop/s 10 Pflop/s 1 Eflop/s June 2008 June 2013
  7. 7. PROJECTED PERFORMANCE DEVELOPMENT 0.1 1 10 100 1000 10000 100000 1000000 10000000 100000000 1E+09 1E+10 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 SUM N=1 N=500 1 Gflop/s 1 Tflop/s 100 Mflop/s 100 Gflop/s 100 Tflop/s 10 Gflop/s 10 Tflop/s 1 Pflop/s 100 Pflop/s 10 Pflop/s 1 Eflop/s
  8. 8. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 RANK AT WHICH HALF OF TOTAL PERFORMANCE IS ACCUMULATED
  9. 9. 0.1 1 10 100 1000 Average of Rmax/socket Average of Cores per Socket Average of Rmax/core Expon. (Average of Rmax/socket) TECHNOLOGICAL TRENDS – SCALAR PROCESSORS Moore’s Law is fine!
  10. 10. 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 1 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000 10,000,000 Average of Rmax Average of Sockets Expon. (Average of Rmax) TECHNOLOGICAL TRENDS – SCALAR SYSTEMS Lack of growth in # Sockets? Lack purchasing power???
  11. 11. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 TotalPerformance[Pflop/s] Kepler/Phi Clearspeed ATI Radeon IBM Cell Intel Xeon Phi Nvidia Fermi Nvidia Kepler PERFORMANCE OF ACCELERATORS
  12. 12. PERFORMANCE SHARE OF ACCELERATORS 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 FractionofTotalTOP500 Performance
  13. 13. United States, 46% Japan, 8% China, 8% Germany, 7% United Kingdom, 6% France, 5% India, 2% Korea, South, 2% Russia, 2% others, 14% United States Japan China Germany United Kingdom France India Korea, South Russia others COUNTRIES / SYSTEM SHARE
  14. 14. 0 1 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 TotalPerformance[Tflop/s] US EU Japan China PERFORMANCE OF COUNTRIES
  15. 15. HP, 177, 35% IBM, 91, 18% Cray Inc., 71, 14% SGI, 30, 6% Bull, 21, 4% Lenovo (IBM), 23, 5% Fujitsu, 13, 3% Dell, 10, 2% NUDT, 5, 1% Megware, 5, 1% Others, 54, 11% HP IBM Cray Inc. SGI Bull Lenovo (IBM) Fujitsu Dell NUDT Megware Others VENDORS / SYSTEM SHARE
  16. 16. HP, 51.4, 14% IBM, 73.4, 20% Cray Inc., 87.3, 24%SGI, 27.3, 8% Bull, 13.1, 4% Lenovo (IBM), 11.0, 3% Fujitsu, 19.5, 5% Dell, 10.3, 3% NUDT, 39.5, 11% Others, 30.9, 8% HP IBM Cray Inc. SGI Bull Lenovo (IBM) Fujitsu Dell NUDT Others VENDORS / PERFORMANCE SHARE
  17. 17. POWER EFFICIENCY 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Linpack/Power[Gflops/kW] TOP10 TOP50 TOP500 Max-Efficiency BlueGene/Q Cell Mic AMD FirePro Tsubame KFC NVIDIA K20x
  18. 18. Computer Rmax/ Power Tsubame KFC, NEC, Xeon 6C 2.1GHz, IB FDR, NVIDIA K20x 4,272 Sango, Supermicro, Xeon 12C 2.5GHz, IB FDR, XEON Phi 7120P 4,143 Cray CS-Storm, Xeon 10C 2.2GHz, IB FDR, NVIDIA K40m 3,879 Suiren, Xeon 10C 2.2GHz, IB FDR, PEZY-SC 3,756 iDataPlex DX360M4, IBM, Xeon 10C 2.8GHz, IB, NVIDIA K20x 3,543 Taurus GPUs, Bull R400, Xeon 12C 2.5GHz, IB FDR, Nvidia K80 3,277 Romeo, Bull Cluster, Xeon 8C 2.6GHz, IB FDR, NVIDIA K20x 3,131 Sekirei-ACC, SGI ICE XA, 12C 2.5GHz, IB FDR, NVIDIA K40 3,045 HA-PACS TCA, Cray Cluster, Xeon 10C 2.8GHz, QDR, NVIDIA K20x 2,980 SANAM, Adtech, ASUS, Xeon 8C 2.0GHz, IB FDR, AMD FirePro 2,973 sysGen GPU, Supermicro, 6C 2.1 GHz, IB QDR, NVIDIA K20 2,878 Piz Daint, Cray XC30, Xeon 8C 2.6GHz, Aries, NVIDIA K20x 2,697 MOST POWER EFFICIENT ARCHITECTURES [Mflops/Watt]

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