Ancient Egypt Mummification


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Ancient Egypt Mummification

  1. 1. Ancient Egypt Mummification Tori-Lynne Austman
  2. 2. Early Mumification <ul><li>Early Mummies were made when they died in the desert an were buried under sand. They were left out and all the water in there body’s evaporated causeing mumification </li></ul>
  3. 3. Roles in Mummification <ul><li>There were 3 major roles in the mummification. They were the Scribe, the Cutter and the Embalmer. The Scribe would oversee the cutting of the body. The Cutter would make the incisions. The Embalmer was a class of preist which prepared the body and removed the organs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How They were Made <ul><li>Mummification was a long and expencive process. It took 70 days to embalm the body. The first step was to wash the body and ritually purified. The next step was to remove the barin. This was done with a heated hook. The hook was put up the nose and the brain was scrambled so it could run out the nose. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How They are Made Continued <ul><li>After the Brain was removed they took out the organs and placed them in canopic jars but they left the heart in. They put salt in the body to dry the corpes up. They left it to take the water away. Then they would start to rap the mummy. In between each layer they would place a jewel. After the wraping the opening of the mouth cerimony was preformed. They would place a face mask onto the mummy. This would restore all body parts. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rituals <ul><li>The first ritual was to remove all the organs. The first organ was the Brain which was removed from the nose. They belived the brain was not important. Then they took out the liver, intestines, lungs and stomach were placed in conopic jars. The heart was left in the body. The heads on the jars were the four sons of Horus. They had a Human head, a Jackel head, Falcon head and Baboon head and each one was the protector of an organ in the afterlife. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rituals <ul><li>In between each layer of wrapping they put a jewel. Before they put the body in the tomb they placed a barial mask on the part of the mummy were the face was. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Social Class of Mumification <ul><li>Mummification was manly reserved for the rich and powerful allthough they did mummifie lower and middle class citizens. In eygpt The rich were mumified and had expencive jewels. You were also buried in a tomb but if you were lower or middle class sitizen you were mumified. Instead of being placed in a tomb you were put by the nile river. Since the Egyptians belived in the passage through to the After life. People were Buried as while as they could afford. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Afterlife <ul><li>In the After life the egyptians belived that you heart was wieghed against an ostrich feather(as showen in the bottem right picture). If your heart wieghed more then the feather you could not move on to the after life. </li></ul>