How to mummify• First, purify the body by washing it with water.• · Make an incision on the left side of the body, below the heart.• · Remove the liver, lungs, intestines, and stomach. Leave the heart intact, as the deceased will require the heart to travel to the spirit world.• · Put each of the 4 organs you have removed into its own canopic jar.• · Insert the hooked tool into the deceaseds nostril and pull the brain out through the nose. The brain can be discarded.• · Liberally cover the body in natron (a natural salt, composed of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate with traces of sodium chloride and sodium sulfate). The natron will dehydrate the body and allow the blood to drain from it.• · Allow the body to drain for 40 days.• · When the body is fully dehydrated, wrap natron-soaked gauze or bandages around it. Make sure to cover the body completely from head to toe.• · Decorate the mummy with an appropriate designs or mask that fits the social station the deceased had in life
Canopic jars• What are canopic jars?• Jars used by ancient Egyptians to hold mummified remains. During the mummification process the organs of the human body were removed and preserved separately in canopic jars.• What did the Egyptians put inside the jars?• The persons liver, intestines (guts), lungs and stomach were placed in canopic jas. Each organ was placed in a special jar with a top representing an animal or human head.• Why did the Egyptians not remove the heart?• The heart was left inside the body because the Egyptians believed that in the afterlife it would be weighed to see whether the person had led a good life.• Why did each jar have a special top?• The Canopic Jars were decorated with the heads of the four sons of Horus.
Pet mummifing• Animal mummies were started by Egyptians. They mummified various animals. an enormous part of Egyptian culture, not only in their role as food and pets, but also for religious reasons. They were typically mummified for four main purposes — to allow beloved pets to go on to the afterlife, to provide food in the afterlife, to act as offerings to a particular god, and because some were seen as physical manifestations of specific gods that the Egyptians worshipped.In 1888, an Egyptian farmer digging in the sand near Istabl Antar discovered a mass grave of felines, ancient cats that were mummified and buried in pits at great numbers.
Amulets and Magic Charms•• Egyptians wore amulets when they were alive. So did they when they died. They believed that the amulets have some kind of magic power to protect them from evils and bring good luck.• Amulets could be made from a variety of materials, such as a blue or green-glazed composition known as Egyptian faience, glass and some metals.• Some amulets came in the shapes or images of the Egyptian gods. Other amulets could have the image of animals whose qualities the wearer may wished to have. The human anatomy may also be used. For example, a foot would give the wearer the power of movement.• The most often used was The eye of Horus which was also known as the wedjat eye. It was used to protect the wearer from evil. The popular scarab, often used as a seal, symbolized rebirth.