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Mummification final

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Mummification final

  1. 1. Mummification By Karen Mayberry
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The Ancient Egyptians had a set of burial customs they believed were necessary to live on after death in the Afterlife. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How to make a Mummy? <ul><li>The body is taken to an ‘Ibu’ where it is washed with good smelling palm wine and rinsed with water from the Nile. </li></ul><ul><li>The internal organs are taken out. We need to do this as they will rot if left in. </li></ul><ul><li>The organs are dried in salt called Natron and placed in Canopic Jars. </li></ul><ul><li>Click here for a video on removing organs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How to make a Mummy? <ul><li>The brain is removed with a long hook which is pushed up the nose. </li></ul><ul><li>The heart is not taken out as they believed your intelligence came from your heart not your brain. </li></ul><ul><li>The body is stuffed with Natron to dry it out. </li></ul><ul><li>After 40 days it is rinsed and then covered in oils to keep the skin soft. </li></ul><ul><li>The body is stuffed with sawdust, leaves and linen so that it looks life-like. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, good smelling oils are rubbed in and the body is now ready for wrapping in linen. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Wrapping a Mummy <ul><li>The head and neck is wrapped in fine linen, each arm, leg , finger and toe is wrapped separately. </li></ul><ul><li>Amulets or charms are placed between the layers of linen to protect him on his way to the Afterlife. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An Isis knot to protect the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ankh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The heart amulet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Plummet to keep him balanced in the Afterlife. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Final Stages <ul><li>A priest reads out spells while the body is being wrapped to ward off spirits and help him on his journey. </li></ul><ul><li>A papyrus scroll with spells from the Book of the Dead is placed in the wrapped hands. </li></ul><ul><li>Each layer of linen is painted with liquid resin to help it glue together. </li></ul><ul><li>Next a cloth is wrapped around the body and a picture of the god Osiris is painted on it. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Canopic Jars. <ul><li>Hapy the Baboon headed god protects the lungs. </li></ul><ul><li>Duamutef the Jackal headed god protects the stomach. </li></ul><ul><li>Qebehsenuef the Falcon headed god protects the intestines. </li></ul><ul><li>Imsety the human headed god protects the liver. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Funeral </li></ul><ul><li>A funeral is then held where his family mourns his death </li></ul><ul><li>A ritual called “The Opening of the Mouth” is performed so that he can eat and drink in the Afterlife. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally the mummy and his coffins are placed in a large stone coffin called a Sarcophagus in the tomb. </li></ul><ul><li>The family arrange furniture, clothing, valuable objects, food and drink in the tomb. </li></ul><ul><li>Figures called Shabtis (his servants) are also put in the tomb. Shabtis magically come to life when there is work to be done. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Journey to the Underworld <ul><li>The mummy is now ready for the journey to the Underworld. </li></ul><ul><li>There his heart will be weighed on the scale of Maat against the feather of truth by the god Anubis the jackal headed god. </li></ul><ul><li>Thoth Scribe of the gods the Ibis headed god records the result. If his heart is lighter than the feather he is allowed to pass into the Afterlife. </li></ul><ul><li>If not he is eaten by the waiting creature called Ammut who has the body composed of a lion, crocodile and hippopotamus. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Timelines Funery chapters appeared in tombs. 1600 BC Spells became standard text for the elite during 18 th Dynasty. 1500 BC Book papyri of New Kingdom and Ramesside periods. 1300 BC
  11. 11. Bibliography <ul><li>Canopic Jars of Horwedja-Flickr.com </li></ul><ul><li>Mummy on flickr-flickr.com </li></ul><ul><li>Kist uit de 27-31e dynastie on flickr-flickr.com </li></ul><ul><li>Mummies of Ancient Egypt. How are mummies made-2.si-umich.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian Book of the Dead-egyptartsite.com </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient Egypt for kids-Book of the Dead-egypt.mrdonn.org </li></ul><ul><li>How to make a Mummy-Youtube </li></ul>

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