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Holmgren redd+ monitoring and information overview 21 march 2011 final

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Transcript

  • 1. REDD+ Monitoring and Information – Overview
    • 21 March 2011
    • Peter Holmgren
    • FAO
  • 2. Outline
    • Monitoring and information for REDD+
    • Links to the UN-REDD strategy and actions
    • Monitoring requirements
    • Proposed next steps
  • 3. REDD+ Specification Deforestation Forest Degradation Conservation Sustainable management Enhancement Consistent Transparent & Effective Governance Rights of Communities Stakeholder Participation Conservation Reversals Displacement Country-driven National circumstances Consistent with development goals Consistent with adaptation needs Equitable etc. financing Results-based Principles Emission activities Safeguards
  • 4. 1. Monitoring & Information for REDD+
    • REDD+ success depends on getting monitoring right, to:
      • Meet UNFCCC requirements
        • e.g. Cancún agreement paras 70-73, Annexes I and II
      • Serve national policy processes and decisions
        • varying needs between countries; context beyond REDD+
      • Ensure effective and agreeable local implementation
        • low transaction costs and good governance
  • 5. Diverse information needs UNFCCC REDD+ Country Local REDD+ implementation $ $ / enforcement Policy options analyses Institutional investments $ MRV Performance
  • 6. 2. Links to UN-REDD strategy and actions
    • Monitoring relates to all strategy work areas
    • Applies to national and global programmes
    • Support to countries through
      • capacity development
      • knowledge sharing
      • data provision
      • partnerships
      • guidance, methods, tools
      • backstopping to country actions
  • 7. Action examples, global programme
    • Carbon MRV
      • GHG inventory training,
      • expert consultations,
      • systematic review,
      • satellite data provision,
      • international partnerships,
      • methodological guidance,
      • tools development,
      • support to country programme development and backstopping
  • 8. Action examples, global programme
    • Multiple Benefits
      • Guidance for monitoring of impact on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
      • Forest monitoring courses
      • Adaptation of National Forest Inventory approaches
    • Safeguards
      • Social and Environmental principles and criteria
  • 9. Action examples, global programme
    • Governance
      • With Chatham House: Guidance on monitoring governance for REDD+
      • Participatory Governance Assessment
  • 10. 3. Monitoring requirements
    • Information categories:
      • Carbon
        • the results of emission activities
      • Environment
        • the wider range of ecosystem services and products from forests (multiple benefits), including environmental safeguards
      • Social Safeguards
      • Governance
  • 11. Monitoring requirements
    • Levels and Purposes
      • Strategic level
        • Purpose: Serve the needs of national policy processes and national level reporting requirements, including to comply with international commitments;
      • Operational level
        • Purpose: Serve the needs of implementation on the ground, including assurances and enforcements at local / project / programme scale.
  • 12. Diverse information needs UNFCCC REDD+ Country Local REDD+ implementation $ $ / enforcement Policy options analyses Institutional investments $ MRV Performance Strategic level monitoring Operational level monitoring
  • 13. Monitoring requirements
    • Strategic level
    • Must have high accuracy
      • Unbiased results,
      • Error estimates
    • Expensive measurements
      • e.g. field plots
    • Points to:
      • Sample based approaches
      • (full cover not needed)
    • Operational level
    • Must be full cover
      • Performance on all land
    • Must be low-cost per area
      • to keep transaction cost low
      • e.g. remote sensing
    • Points to:
      • Proxy based approaches
      • (high accuracy not needed)
  • 14. REDD+ Monitoring and Information Carbon (emission activities) Environment (services, products, multiple benefits, safeguards) Governance Strategic level Operational level Social safeguards GHG inventories Activity data Mitigation proxies Biodiversity Wood and non-wood products Displacement Land use Conservation Reversals Policy coherence with development goals Livelihood impact Regulatory framework Transparency Accountability Enforcement/Compliance Transparency Accountability
  • 15. REDD+ Monitoring and Information Carbon Environment Governance Strategic level Operational level Social safeguards UNFCCC Country Local Policy
  • 16. Proposed next steps
    • Starting from
      • the UN-REDD Programme Strategy
      • the framework to support country actions through the global programme
      • lessons learnt and ongoing work
    • Engage countries and stakeholders to
      • develop a cross-cutting “monitoring and information package” for REDD+ implementation
      • explore tools, methods, guidance (and gaps)
      • identify priority actions to support countries
      • present a report to Policy Board 7