Theme 4 - Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation


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This presentation by Christopher Martius, Henry Neufeldt, Glenn Hyman and Laura Snook focuses on the objectives and structure of the climate change adaptation and mitigation program of the FTA Research Program, their evolution over time, the major accomplishments and the main obstacles and challenges.

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  • No evolution . Simple division, remains sturdy backdrop for the program
  • The Theory of Change will be developed further until October 2014
  • Theme 4 - Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

    1. 1. Theme 4 - climate change mitigation and adaptation CIFOR, ICRAF, CIAT, Bioversity Christopher Martius Henry Neufeldt, Glenn Hyman, Laura Snook Workshop: ‘Review and Planning for Phase II of the FTA Research Programme - January 29-31, 2014 - Nairobi, Kenya
    2. 2. Theme 4 Objectives & structure Harnessing forests, trees and agroforestry for climate change MITIGATION Enhancing climate change ADAPTATION through forests, trees and agroforestry Understanding the role of forests, trees and agroforestry in achieving SYNERGIES between mitigation and adaptation
    3. 3. Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) Theme 4 (Climate Change) From Research to Impact: Theory of Change Boundary partners Knowledge uptake CIFOR and research partners Knowledge generation national / NGO MRV, development strategies controllable indicators Effective, efficient and equitable REDD+ new climate change regimes Internalization and uptake by boundary partners download rates trainings conferences stakeholder workshops Partnercentered knowledge dissemination peer-reviewed publications Co-production of science Rigorous, salient, ethical science non-controllable indicators
    4. 4. Theme 4 evolution Evolution of objectives & structure GCS-REDD+ | REALU | SWAMP | terra-i | B-WISER | LUWES | AdaptEA | COBAM | etc.
    5. 5. Theme 4 evolution Evolution of objectives & structure Roadmap to October 2014 GCS-REDD+ | REALU | SWAMP | terra-i | B-WISER | LUWES | AdaptEA | COBAM | etc.
    6. 6. Major accomplishments 2011-2013 (I) activities, results and outcomes from CIAT, CIFOR and ICRAF research 2004-2011 deforestation rates in Amazonia (terra-I MRV project) LUWES (LU Planning for Low Emission Development Strategy) • decreased in Brazil, but increased outside Brazil • Tools for low emissions development strategies developed • helps planning for emissions reductions at landscape scale  incorporated into national (Panama) & local (Ucayali) planning processes  currently used by 30 of the 33 provinces of Indonesia (REALU project) A REDD readiness assessment framework (REALU project) Key incentive schemes to reduce emissions (REALU project) • A pioneer tool with six functions and 29 indicators  guides for countries that • REDD through conservation of forest carbon stocks • REDD through Agroforestry Based Intensification  solicited and being tested in want to pursue REDD+ four REALU landscapes
    7. 7. Major accomplishments 2011-2013 (II) activities, results and outcomes from CIAT, CIFOR and ICRAF research Conditions for REDD+ success (GCS-REDD project) •quantitative comparative analysis in 7 countries: national ownership of REDD+ policy process; presence of strong coalitions for transformation; inclusion of all stakeholders (GCS-REDD project) • allows countries with different capacity levels to join REDD in an early stage Adaptation and mitigation synergies • Comparative policy analysis Stepwise approach to RELs & MRV (GCS REDD+ project) Emission factors for peatlands (SWAMP project) • network of 200 scientists in 21 countries  used in national REDD policy development by Indonesia, Ethiopia, and COMESA  integrated into UNFCCC decisions  contributing to UNFCCC Adaptation Board  used in IPCC peatlands guidelines
    8. 8. Main obstacles/challenges  Less historical data available in highlands  Needs more regional collaboration (transboundary)  Little cross CG Center collaboration  No data sharing/exchange mechanism across Centers/CRPs  Many important factors (e.g. laws, regulations, tenure) lie outside the sphere of influence of projects  need to develop more sophisticated impact pathways and communicate this to donors  Some research (dendrochronology, soil carbon process understanding) perceived as too ‘up-stream’ which makes fundraising in the CG difficult  Need better mechanisms to facilitate integration among FTA researchers across centers and regions Transactions and implementation costs with FTA and external demands from other CRPs and the CGIAR reform Mechanisms (such as REDD+) vs. objectives (REDD = reducing emissions …. as a goal)  
    9. 9. What is the best case scenario of working together, and what are the next steps in making it happen  Regional approach for integrated research  Developing hybrid knowledge which integrates scientific and local knowledge  Key stakeholders define research questions and actively participate in field assessment & dialogue and disseminate knowledge for better planning and decision  Work with partners: focus on capacity building to achieve well trained young scientists and enhanced capacity from national research partners  Share knowledge and data  South-South Collaboration  we need a mechanism to identify duplication of efforts and then a further mechanism to bring those researchers together to do global comparative research  Collaboration within the theme: focus towards a common goals based on competitive advantages and synergies through ToC development (joint impact pathway mapping)
    10. 10. References Forests and Climate Change an online information hub for news, debate, research and tools on forests and climate change Global Comparative Study on REDD+ (GCS REDD+) Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses (REALU) Land-use planning for low-emission development strategies (LUWES) TERRA-I Terra-i detects land-cover changes resulting from human activities in near real-time, with updates every 16 days