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Calculating the environmental impacts of public action -- Monique Fasol, Netherlands


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This presentation was made by Monique Fasol, Netherlands, at the Introductory Workshop on Green Budgeting Tools held at the OECD, Paris, on 29 April 2019

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Calculating the environmental impacts of public action -- Monique Fasol, Netherlands

  1. 1. Evaluation of climate policy in the Netherlands Monique Fasol OESO green budgeting collaborative Paris April 2019
  2. 2. Content 1) When to assess climate policy measures? 2) How often to measure/evaluate the impact? 3) How to react on the results? 4) How to communicate the results/progress? 2
  3. 3. 1) When to assess climate policy measures? • Before introducing a new measure • During operation • (After termination) 3
  4. 4. Before the introduction Dutch Assessment Framework for new Tax Expenditures 1. Clear problem that requires action from the government? 2. Is the goal clear and unequivocal formulated (SMART)? 3. Is financial intervention required? 4. Is a subsidy better than a levy? 5. Is a tax subsidy (TE) better than an expenditure subsidy? 6. Evaluation warranted? 4
  5. 5. Before the introduction Dutch Spending Plan for new Expenditures/Subsidies 1. Matter - What is the problem to be solved? - What is the goal, clear and unequivocal formulated (SMART)? 2. Policy measure - Chosen measure & estimated budgetary impact? - Execution, effectiveness & efficiency? 3. Evaluation - Specific information for assessment? - Assessment method? - Procedure & responsibilities? 5
  6. 6. Before the introduction Example: Dutch aviation tax • Part of government coalition (2017) • 3 different options assessed - In European collaboration - Ticket tax per passenger - Tax on polluting & noisy airplanes • Several evaluations by independent research bureaus on feasibility and consequences for environment & economy 6 Bron: CE Delft, 2018
  7. 7. 2) How often to measure/evaluate the impact? Questions to be asked: • What is the objective? • Is it reached because of the expenditure? • At what cost? • Is it worth it? Two types of evaluations during operation... 7
  8. 8. During operation Interdepartmental policy researches (IBO) • When? 1 – 2 IBOs per year • What? Independent research (!); • Why? To improve the efficiency of the existing policy and to propose alternative (new) opportunities for saving; • Who? Various departments as well as externals involved; • How? Fixed procedures, with experience from inside and outside the departments Example: IBO on the cost-effectiveness of measures for climate goals with a view to cost-effective policy for reducing greenhouse gases (2016). 8
  9. 9. During operation Evaluation of specific measures • When? General rule is evaluate every 7 years • What? Internal evaluations • Why? To assess the efficiency and effectivity of the measure • Who? Within departments, Court of Audit and Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis sometimes evaluate as well or check our evaluations • How? Huge workload! Therefore pragmatic evaluation schedule, Recent standard: Sunset clause 9
  10. 10. During operation Example: Evaluation of the EIA (Profit deduction for Energy Investments) • When? In 2018 • Who? Independant research office • What? Does EIA stimulate company’s energy saving efficiently & effectively? • Results: - Cost-efficient stimulation of energy-saving investments (€ 15-17 per ton CO2-reduction) - Performance costs in line with estimations - High customer satisfaction about support by institutions 10 Bron: CE Delft, 2018
  11. 11. 3) How to react on the results? • Official letter from the cabinet to parliament, including • Summary of the results of the report • Recommendations of the researchers • Reaction of cabinet (agree/ disagree with report) • Suggested adaptations of the policy 11 Bron: RVO, 2018
  12. 12. 4) How to communicate the results/ progress? 12
  13. 13. Example: Dutch Energy Agreement - Facts • Closed in 2013 • More than 40 parties: authorities, employers, trade unions, civil society and financial institutions • Topics: o Energy saving o Clean energy o Climate policy 13 Bron: SER, 2013
  14. 14. Example: Dutch Energy Agreement – Evaluation 14 • When? Every year (NEV) • Who? Independant research bureaus (ECN, PBL, CBS & RVO) • What? Progress report • Reaction? Official reaction of cabinet, including suggested additional measures to meet goals • Communication? Results publicly available via website Bron: RVO, 2017
  15. 15. Example ‘communication of results’: Dutch Energy Agreement 15
  16. 16. Example ‘communication of results’: Dutch Energy Agreement 16
  17. 17. Example ‘communication of results’: Dutch Energy Agreement 17
  18. 18. Example ‘communication of results’: Dutch Energy Agreement 18
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention! 19